Transcript of Snow Leopard
living at high altitudes, approximately 5,900 to 18,000 feet. In alpine meadows, mountain steppes and coniferous forests of Central Asia is the Snow leopard Snow Leopard Classification Project Introduction Domain Description: a taxonomic rank that is composed of smaller groups called phyla. The five different kingdoms are Monera (bacteria), Protista (protozoa and algae), Fungi ( slime moulds, mushrooms, smuts, rusts, mildews, moulds, stinkhorns, puffballs, truffles and yeasts), Plantae (plant), and Animalia (animal) Kingdom Description: A group of Classes with similar distinctive characteristics. There are about 30 different phyla in the Animalia kingdom. The ten most common animal phyla according to traditional biological methodology are Porifera (salt-water sponges), Cnidaria (lower aquatic animals), Platyhelminthes (flatworms), Nematodes (parasitic worms), Rotifers (mobile freshwater invertebrate animals), Mollusca (snails, clams, squid, and octopus), Annelida (segmented worms), Arthropoda (insects), Echinodermata (marine starfish), and Chordata (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals). The Snow Leopard belongs to the phylum Chordata and the subphylum Vertebrata. Phylum Description: a group comprised of organisms that share a common attribute; made up of similar orders. In the subphylum there are eight major classes. They are Agnatha (jawless fishes), Placoderms (armored fishes), Chondrichthyes (cartilaginous fishes including sharks and rays), Osteichthyes (bony fishes), Amphibia (amphibians), Reptilia (reptiles), Aves (birds), and Mammalia (mammals). The snow Leopard belongs to the class Mammalia. Class Description: comprised of families sharing a set of similar nature or character. The oreders within the class Mammalia are Carnivora (cats, dogs, seals, walrus, weasels, and martins), Chiroptera (bats), Primates (man, apes, monkeys, tarsiers, and lemurs), Edentata (sloths, armadillos, South American anteater), Rodentia (rats, mice, squirrels, beavers, gophers, and capybara), Lagmorpha (rabbits, hares, pikas), Cetacea (dolphins, whales, porpoises), Proboscidea (elephant), Sirenia (manatees and dugongs), Perissodactyla (horses, donkeys, zebras, tapirs), and Artiodactyla (Cattle, pigs, camels, deer, hippopotami) Order Description: agroup of one or more genera, especially sharing a common attribute. The order Carnivora is composed of the families Canidae (dogs, wolves, foxes, and jackles), Felidae (cats), Mephitidae (skunks and stink badgers), Mustelidae (badgers, otters, and weasels), Otariidae (eared seals and sea lions), Phocidae (earless seals), Procyonidae (Northern Raccoon), and Ursidae (bears) Family Genus Habitat: restricted to the high mountains of Central Asia. They favor steep terrain well broken by cliffs, ridges, gullies, and rocky outcrops. They generally occur at elevations of 3,000-4,500 m. Species Taxonomy is the classification of organisms in a hierarchical ranking These ranks include domain, kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species They are based on shared characteristics or on phylogenetic relationships inferred from the fossil record or established by genetic analysis. Description: The highest taxonomic rank of organisms in which there are three groupings: Archaea, Bacteria and Eukarya. Characteristics of Eukarya: membrane organelles (including mitochondria and chloroplasts), Multicellular, Cell division by mitosis, and heterotroph Characteristics of Animalia: Complex Eukaryotic Cells, various tissue and organ systems, Aerobic metabolism (breakdown food and acquire ATP energy), sexual reproduction, capable of movement, no cell walls, and live in land and sea habitats Characteristics of Vertebrata: segmented vetebrae, and cartilage composed skeleton. Characteristics of Chordata: a single dorsal tubular nerve cord (during some stage of development), paired gill slits between the pharynx and exterior (during some stage of development), and a tail (during some stage of development) Characteristics of Mammalia: fur or hair which is made of keratin for insulation, Endothermic, chambered heart, Mammary glands (only functional in the females), diaphragm, 7 cervical vertebrae (neck bones), and a Well developed brain. characteristics of Carnivora: carnassial pair(enlarged fourth upper premolar and first lower molar), relatively large brain case, simple stomachs, medium-sized animals, and endothermic Characteristics of Felidae: short broad faces, large eyes, triangular upright ears, acute senses (sight, hearing, and smell), five toes on the front feet, four toes on the back feet, claws (sharp, strong, and curved), silent, secretive, solitary, mostly nocturnal hunters. Description: a group of species that are structurally similar or phylogenetically related. Out of the 18 genera in the family Felidae, the Snow Leopard belongs to the Panthera genus. Panthera has four members tiger, lion, leopard, and jaguar. Characteristics of Panthera: large in size, ability to roar (though the snow leopard cannot), and adapted larynx. Common Names: Ounce, Snow Leopard Scientific Name: Panthera uncia Characterisitics: They mainly prey on blue sheep, ibex, marmot, pika, hares, and small rodents because they are in their proximity. Humans rarely see the snow leopard in its natural habitat because of its precise and calm movements Endangered: as of 2002 they are an endangered species http://www.smh.com.au/ffximage/2008/01/31/panda6_gallery__578x400.jpg http://bioweb.uwlax.edu/bio203/s2009/olsson_adam/bunny.jpg http://www.photovolcanica.com/PenguinSpecies/Adelie/ANT09_3964.jpg http://1.bp.blogspot.com/-Se62H8Y8zd8/TxNm1M7WXwI/AAAAAAAAE1U/5Q5M2J-c9y0/s1600/snow-leopard+head.jpg http://m5.i.pbase.com/g6/99/524399/3/70312375.n7gFU9wh.jpg http://2.bp.blogspot.com/-xnVcCuU0alU/T1vjT6NEMbI/AAAAAAAAASs/LYooEeSSs6s/s1600/816-snow-leopard.jpg http://notexactlyrocketscience.files.wordpress.com/2008/02/tigerramki.jpg?w=468 http://dnr.state.co.us/ImageDBImages/18504Web.jpg http://blog.mindjet.com/wp-images/user_images/SnowLeopard.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/e/eb/Vicunacrop.jpg/275px-Vicunacrop.jpg http://stabledays.typepad.com/.a/6a00e553bd675c88340147e266f4f2970b-800wi http://www.readyed.com.au/Sites/zoo/images/j0178730.jpg http://www.xinjiangsnowleopards.org/gifs/Relaxing_Snow_Leopard.jpg http://previews.agefotostock.com/previewimage/bajaage/f938c2d751131268e7060e34793921b9/VAE-u10304062.jpg http://www.collinbogle.com/images/snowleopard.jpg http://www.phfawcettsweb.org/animal18.gif http://www.okczoo.com/sites/okczoo/uploads/images/CF_LO/snow_leopard_7529.jpg http://img.ehowcdn.com/article-new/ehow/images/a06/j7/o0/characteristics-felidae-1.1-800x800.jpg http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_aFKO4ippru0/ScNA-od6tyI/AAAAAAAAALk/3ubbmkKvTiQ/s400/Lion+(Panthera+leo).jpg http://us.123rf.com/400wm/400/400/flashdevelop/flashdevelop1207/flashdevelop120700007/14490959-panthera-onca-portrait-of-wild-animal.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f5/Snow_leopard_portrait-2010-07-09.jpg http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-T1CeKQIZDXo/T_ha7BQUX4I/AAAAAAAAAt8/OdDPJxuWvdQ/s1600/Animals-Black-Panther-Background-Wallpaper.jpg http://seattlest.com/attachments/KPro/snowleopard.jpg http://www.wired.com/images_blogs/gadgetlab/2009/06/snow-leopard.jpg http://24.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_m6uxpn1Pfx1qhwhmfo1_400.jpg http://www.amazingcats.co.cc/snowleopard/Focused,SnowLeopard.jpg Victoria Mozo, Maria . 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