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Agrarian Reform Act 1950
Transcript of Agrarian Reform Act 1950
China has been through a series of land reforms
a major chinese land reform was the Agararian Reform Act of 1950 Agrarian Reform in the People Republic Of China was started after 1949 with the aim of increasing productivity of the agricultural sector. The government wanted to demolish the feudal landownership system that was dominating the Chinese rural economy for a long time.
Agricultural Sector of China was dominated by feudalism for several years. In this feudal system, the ownership of land was captured by some big landowners and rich farmers. They were giving their land in lease to the landless farmers for more earnings and by this way of land leasing they were exploiting the poor peasants.
So to stop this exploitation and to redistribute the ownership of agricultural land to the poor farmers China adopted agrarian reform.
In the People Republic of China, agrarian reform had gone through several stages. The Stages are the following:
1. Reduction of rent but no expropriation (1927 31): The land rent rent was reduced but land was not seized from the big landowners.
2. Rent Curtailment and expropriation of the landholders' land (1931 34): Land Rent was further reduced and agricultural land were confiscated from the feudal landlords for the purpose of redistribution among the poor landless farmers.
3. Reallocation of landownership in unequal shares (1946 47): In China, agrarian reform went one step further by reallocating the ownership of land to the poor farmers to ensure the country's agricultural growth. This redistribution of land was done in
4. Equal rearrangement of land based on household (1947): In this stage agricultural land was redistributed on the basis of farmer's household in an equal manner.
some of the effects of th agrarian reform are of the following (1) Through agrarian reform China had increased agricultural productivity which accelerated the economic growth in the rural areas.
(2) The revenue from agriculture increased by 48.5 in the year of 1952 and the net grain output was 163.9 million tons in that year.
(3) In addition to that, the exploitation of the farmers by the feudal landlords had been stopped completely after implementation of agrarian reform programs.
(4) nevertheless, the agricultural growth of the People Republic of China had got the right pace through agrarian reform Evaluation of the agrarian reform act 1. if there was no Agrarian Reform act then china would be in a time of discression and they wouldn't be able to provide for themselves and provide for there country and they would be without there key farming industry of rice farming and this would negativly effect their countries economy 2. if there was no agrarain reform act then china would be in need of economic releif because all the rich people woul;d own all the land and the peasents would get more poor and motre poor as time went on adn now that they made the act it helps disperse all of chinas lAND TO THE LEST FORTUNATE. 3. I WOULD DESIGN A SIGGNIFICANT DAY FOR THIS TOPIC AND MAKE PEOPLE APPRECDIATE THE FARMERS AND WHAT THEY GET FROM FARMERS AND THE AG INDUSTRY AND IT WOULD BE CALLED CHINESE AGRARIAN IMPORTANCE DAY