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the Beat generation

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Alina Abdraimova

on 18 October 2012

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Transcript of the Beat generation

By Alina Abdraimova & Oona Kernan Iconic Figures Jack Karouac Neal Cassady Allen Ginsberg William S. Burroughs major figure of the 1950s movement served as the model for the character Dean Moriarty in Jack Kerouac's novel "On the Road" wasn't an author himself, but served as the muse for all his author friends lived a crazy beat lifestyle Although very intelligent, he was branded as a “problem child” in school and was interested in drugs, homosexuality, trickery, and non-convention moved to New York, where Burroughs met Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, Edie Parker etc. Burroughs while discouraging "extravagant antics,” of his younger peers, went on a darker trail. He became addicted to heroin, and sold his prized possessions for more drugs.
His addiction to heroin lasted 15 years. vigorously opposed militarism, economic materialism and sexual repression. After WWII came the Red Scare and an environment of heightened conservative values and conformity best known for his epic poem "Howl", in which he celebrated his fellow "angel-headed hipsters" and harshly denounced what he saw as the destructive forces of capitalism and conformity in the United States. the visionary poet and founding father of the Beat generation was considered a spiritual and sexually liberated ambassador for tolerance and enlightenment with an energetic and loving personality, Ginsburg used poetry for both personal expression and in his fight for more interesting open society The Beat Generation known for his spontaneous method of writing ("poetic jazz"), covering topics ranging from his travels on and off the road, including friends, places and people he met in his travels. he also covered topics such as Catholic spirituality, jazz, promiscuity, Buddhism, drugs, and poverty "underground celebrity" at age 47, Kerouac died from internal bleeding due to long-standing abuse of alcohol The word 'beat' was primarily in use after World War II by jazz musicians and hustlers as a slang term meaning down and out, or poor and exhausted. Kerouac went on to twist the meaning of the term "beat" to serve his own purposes, explaining that it meant "beatitude, not beat up. You feel this. You feel it in a beat, in jazz real cool jazz". However jazz meant much more than just a vocabulary to the Beat writers. To them, jazz was a way of life, a completely different way to approach the creative process. Columbia University Came from many corners of society.:
The academic community derided the Beats as anti-intellectual and unrefined.
Mainstream America was horrified by their supposed sexual deviancy and illicit drug use.
Established poets and novelists looked down upon the freewheeling abandon of Beat literature.
Politicians identified elements of Beat ideology as Communist and a threat to the nation’s security.
However, the movement withstood such critics. But the Beat generation faded from view as quickly as it appeared- partly due to the scorn heaped upon them Criticism Beats vs. Beatniks Despite the similar sounding names, the beatniks had very little in common with the Beats.

Instead of a movement and an ideology, the beatniks represented little more than a fashion. Specifically, the beatnik was the laid-back, poetry reading goateed man, usually dressed in black. Works Cited Page: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americanmasters/database/ginsberg_a.html
http://www.online-literature.com/periods/beat.php images.google.com
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