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SS6CG1 Government Systems

Covers Georgia standard SS6CG1

Melissa Houghton

on 16 September 2014

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Transcript of SS6CG1 Government Systems

SS6CG1 The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.
a. Describe the ways government systems distribute power: unitary, confederation, and federal.
b. Explain how governments determine citizen participation: autocratic, oligarchic, and democratic.
c. Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments: parliamentary and presidential.
Today's Standard:
Enduring Understanding and EQ:
GOVERNANCE: The student will understand that as a society increases in complexity and interacts with other societies, the complexity of the government also increases.
How is power distributed in different forms of government (unitary, confederation, and federal)?
How do citizens participate in different forms of government (autocratic, oligarchic, democratic)?
What are the important democratic features of parliamentary and presidential forms of government?
What is government?
Who has the power?
Who gets to participate?
Rap of Power and Participation
A government is a body with the authority:
to make laws
enforce those laws
interpret those laws when disagreements occur
A government also oversees the welfare of its people.
Unitary System
All power is given to a central government body.
The central government may delegate (transfer) some duties to smaller political units, but it retains final authority over all decisions.
Unitary central governments are stronger than federal central governments.
Examples: Great Britain, France, Italy, Japan, South Korea, Kenya
A confederation is a loose, unstable alliance of countries or other political units like states.
Each unit has final control of its own laws and citizens.
The central government only makes decisions that affect the entire confederation.
Examples: Confederate States of America, British Commonwealth of Nations

Federal System
Federal systems divide power between the central government and the governments of smaller political units like states.
Lots of power is given to lower government units to handle local affairs.
The central government handles issues that concern the entire country, like maintaining armed forces and negotiating treaties with foreign countries.
Examples: USA, Canada, Mexico, Brazil, Venezuela
Autocratic System
One leader holds complete, unlimited power.
Citizens have NO participation in government under an autocracy.
Decisions can be made quickly, but the decisions may be selfish and ignore the needs of the people.
Examples: Hitler's Nazi regime
Oligarchic System
The control rests with a small group of people with wealth or power.
Citizen participation is restricted to the ruling group.
Decisions can be made quickly with greater input from the group, but decisions can still be selfish and not meet the needs of the people.
Examples: Apartheid system in South Africa
Democratic System
The people hold supreme power.
People usually exercise their power by electing officials to represent them (representative democracy).
All citizens have equal rights to participate in government regardless of their wealth or position.
A direct democracy requires a vote by all citizens for every gov't decision made.
Most countries in the world call themselves democracies, but this does not mean all the countries have free and open elections (ex. Cuba).
Examples: USA, Canada, United Kingdom, Mexico
Parliamentary Democracy
The legislature (Parliament) controls the power.
The majority party in the legislature forms a gov't headed by a PM.
The prime minister (a member of Parliament) is chosen by the legislature and answers to the legislature.
The gov't stays in office for a specified time unless the PM loses support of the majority on an important vote. (If this happens, elections are held immediately.)
Examples: Canada, United Kingdom
Presidential Democracy
The executive and legislative branches are separate bodies elected independently by the people (separation of powers).
A system of checks and balances allows each branch to overrule the others.
The president answers to the people, not the legislature.
The people elect the president at set intervals of time.
Examples: USA
Central Government
Smaller Political
Central Government
Smaller Political
Smaller Political
Smaller Political
Smaller Political
Central Government
Smaller Political Unit
Smaller Political Unit
Smaller Political Unit
Smaller Political Unit
Full transcript