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The ABC's of Biology
Transcript of The ABC's of Biology
By: Erin Lamb & Mikaela Snyder
A is for Autotroph
-an organism that collects energy from sunlight or inorganic substances to produce food.
F is Flagella
- long, tail-like projection with a whiplike motion that helps a cell move through a watery environment.
-a large group of ecosystems that share the same climate and have similar types of communities.
B is for Biome
- stable, mature ecological community with little change in the composition of species.
C is for Climax Community
-environmental factors, such as storms and extreme heat or cold, that affects populations regardless of their density.
D is for Density-independent Factor
- prokaryotes with peptidoglycen-containing cell walls.
E is for
- biome characterized by fertile soils with a thick cover of grasses.
G is Grassland
-heterotroph that eats only plants.
H is for Herbivore
-movement of individuals into a population.
I is for Immigration
-growth model in which the population increases exponentially and then slows or stops.
J is for J-shaped Growth Curve
-taxonomic group of related phyla or divisions.
K is for Kingdom
-hydrophobic biological molecule composed mostly of carbon and hydrogen; fats, oils, and waxes are lipids.
L is for Lipid
-large molecule formed by joining smaller organic molecules together.
M is for Macromolecule
-complex macromolecule that stores and communicates genetic information.
N is for Nucleic Acid
-heterotroph that consumes both plants and animals.
O is for Omnivore
-group of organisms of the same species that occupy the same geographic place at the same time.
P is for Population
-data collected as numers including: time, temperature, length, mass, area, volume, and density.
Q is for Quantitative Data
-ribonucleic acid; guides protein synthesis.
R is for RNA
-use of resources at a rate that they can be replaced or recycled.
S is for Sustainable Use
-each step in a food chain or food web.
T is for Trophic Level
-composed of only one cell.
U is for Unicellular
-nonliving strand of genetic material that cannot replicate on its own, has a nucleic acid core, a protein coat, and can invade cells alter cellular function.
V is for Virus
-the continuous cycle of water through the biosphere.
W is for Water Cycle
-vascular plant tissue that transports water and dissolved minerals away from the roots throughout the plant and is composed of vessel elements and tracheids.
X is for Xylem
- algae from the phylum Chrysophyta and are called chrysophytes. The algae has carotenoids that give them their golden brown color.
Y is for Yellow-green Algae
-biologists that specialize in studying animals.
Z is for Zoologist