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"THE LADY, OR THE TIGER"
Transcript of "THE LADY, OR THE TIGER"
•Young man (Princess’ lover)
Protagonist: • Princess Antagonist: • Semi-barbaric King Minor characters: • Lady
By: Frank Stockton "THE LADY, OR THE TIGER?" BY: FRANK R. STOCKTON Characteristics and Personalities • Princess: o The narrator says, “This semi-barbaric king had a daughter as blooming as his most florid fancies, and with a soul as fervent and imperious as his own.” o Stockton writes, “Possessed of more power, influence, and force of character than any one…she had done what no other person had done,--she had possessed herself of the secret of the doors.” o The narrator says, “But gold, and the power of a woman’s will, had brought the secret to the princess.” o The princess believes, “The girl was lovely, but she had dared to raise her eyes to the loved one of the princess; and, with all the intensity of the savage blood transmitted to her through long lines of wholly barbaric ancestors, she hated the woman who blushed and trembled behind that silent door.” • Semi-barbaric King: o Stockton writes, “He was a man of exuberant fancy, and, withal, of an authority so irresistible that, at his will, he turned his varied fancies into facts.” o The narrator describes the king as, “He was greatly given to self-communing, and, when he and himself agreed upon anything, the thing was done.” o Stockton writes, “But, whenever there was a little hitch…he was blander and more genial still, for nothing pleased him so much as to make the crooked straight and crush down uneven places.” o The narrator states, “This arena of the king was built… [as] an agent of poetic justice, in which crime was punished, or virtue rewarded, by the decrees of an impartial and incorruptible chance.” o The day the king discovered the love affair the “king did not hesitate nor waver in regard to his duty in the premises. The youth was immediately cast into prison, and a day was appointed for his trial.” o Stockton writes, “But the king would not think of allowing any fact of this kind to interfere with the workings of the tribunal, in which he took such great delight and satisfaction. No matter how the affair turned out, the youth would be disposed of, and the king would take an aesthetic pleasure in watching the course of events…” • Young man (princess’ lover): o The narrator describes, “This royal maiden was well satisfied with her lover, for he was handsome and brave to a degree unsurpassed in all this kingdom.” o Stockton writes, “Among his courtiers was a young man of that fineness of blood and lowness of station common to the conventional heroes of romance who love royal maidens.” o Stockton describes the young man as, “Tall, beautiful, fair, his appearance was greeted with a low hum of admiration and anxiety. Half the audience had not known so grand a youth had lived among them. No wonder the princess loved him!” o Stockton writes, “When her lover turned and looked at her…he saw…that she knew behind which door crouched the tiger, and behind which stood the lady. He had expected her to know it. He understood her nature, and his soul was assured that she would never rest until she had made plain to herself this thing…” • Lady: o The narrator describes, “Ready to emerge, all blushing and radiant... It was one of the fairest and loveliest of the damsels of the court who had been selected…” o Stockton writes, “How [the princess’] soul had burned in agony when she had seen him rush to meet that woman, with her flushing cheek and sparkling eye of triumph; when she had seen him lead her forth, his whole frame kindled with the joy of recovered life.” • Tiger: o Stockton writes, “The tiger-cages of the kingdom were searched for the most savage and relentless beasts, from which the fiercest monster might be selected for the arena.” Development of the characters • Round Character o Princess • Flat Characters o Semi-barbaric king o Young man o Lady o Tiger Theme For Every Choice There is a Consequence As seen in this short story, each choice made lead to further consequences.
Stockton writes “The youth was immediately cast into prison, and a day was appointed for his trial in the King’s arena.” Love and Jealousy are Rivals The narrator says, “How often, in her [princess] waking hours and in her dreams, had she started in wild horror and covered her face with her hands as she thought of her lover opening the door on the other side of which waited the cruel fangs of the tiger.” Narrator says, “How her [princess] soul had burned in agony when she had seen him rush to meet that woman,...and when she had seen them walk away together upon their path of flowers, followed by the tremendous shrieks of the hilarious multitude, in which her one despairing shriek was lost and drowned!” According to Stockton, “Her [princess] decision had been made in an instant, but it had been made after days and nights of anguished deliberation.” Chance is the Uninfluenced and Administrator of Justice Stockton writes, “he [a subject accused of a crime] was subject to no guidance or influence but that of the aforementioned impartial and incorruptible chance.” Stockton writes, “If he opened the one, there came out of it a hungry tiger, the fiercest and most cruel that could be procured, which immediately sprang upon him and tore him to pieces as a punishment for his guilt.” Stockton writes, “if the accused person opened the other door, there came forth from it a lady,... as a reward of his innocence.” Conflicts person vs fate/nature person vs person person vs self Literary Devices - as defined by the Merriam-Webster online dictionary
Cliffhanger: The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines a cliffhanger as, "A story, constest or situation that is very exciting because what is going to happen next is not known." Stockton writes, "And so I leave it with all of you: Which came out of the opened door, --the lady or the tiger?" Irony: The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines irony as, "A situation that is strange or funny because things happen in a way that seems to be the opposite of what you expected." The love the princess had for her lover was described as, "...she loved him with an ardor that had enough of barbarism in it to make it exceedingly warm and strong."
Yet, when deciding whether or not to let her lover marry someone else or be devoured by the tiger, she found the decision quite difficult. This is represented in the quotation, "Her decision had been indicated in an instant, but it had been made after days and nights of anguished deliberation."
Simile: The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines a simile as,"A figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as." Stockton writes, "The semi-barbaric king had a daughter as blooming as his most florid fancies, and with a soul as fervent and imperious as his own." Personification: The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines personification as,"The attribution of personal qualities; especially: representation of a thing or abstraction as a person or by the human form." Stockton writes, "This vast amphitheatre... was an agent of poetic justice."
Allusion: The Merriam-Webster dictionary defines an allusion as, "An implied or indirect reference to something."
Stockton writes, "... the king's arena, a structure which well deserved its name, for, although its form and plan were borrowed from afar..." Point of View
Primarily 3rd person omniscient
The story merges into 2nd person near the end of the story when the author says, "Think of it, fair reader, not as if the decision of the question depended upon yourself, but on that hotblooded, semi-barbaric princess..." Setting Place: We can assume from the references to a Latin neighbour that the story takes place some where in the Mediterranean. Time: we can assume that due to the fact that the barbarian king’s amphitheater building is based off of the coliseum, that this story takes place shortly after its construction which was between 70 and 82 AD. Although this is a fictional and is purely from the authors mind, there were barbarians living in and around the Mediterranean during year 70. They mostly consisted of the Vandals, one of the many groups of barbarians that later contributed to the downfall of the roman empire. History Frank Stockton was born in 1834 and would become one of America’s most popular short story writers of the time. He published his first book, Ting-A-Ling, in 1870. Of the short stories he has written, he is best known for his dilemma tale The Lady and the Tiger. He died in 1902. plot INTODUCTION RISING ACTION CONFLICT CLIMAX INTRODUCTION : RISING ACTIONS: CLIMAX : INTODUCTION RISING ACTION CONFLICT CLIMAX FALLING ACTION CONCLUSION Symbols • The arena symbolizes unfair justice. • The Lady symbolizes true love. • The Tiger symbolizes jealousy. Frank Stockton writes, "This vast amphitheater, with its encircling galleries, its mysterious vaults, and its unseen passages, was an agent of poetic justice, in which crime was punished, or virtue rewarded, by the decrees of an impartial and incorruptible chance." The princess in "The Lady, or the Tiger?" ,by Frank Stockton, thinks, "But how much oftener had she seen him at the other door! How in her grievous reveries had she gnashed her teeth, and torn her hair, when she saw his start of rapturous delight as he opened the door of the lady!" As Stockton wrote, "Would it not be better for him [the youth] to die at once, and go to wait for her [the princess] in the blessed regions of semi-barbaric futurity? http://www.google.ca/imgres?imgurl=http://www.youngcollectorsart.com/files/Lady%2520n%2520Tiger.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.youngcollectorsart.com/ycaartdecopage1.html&usg=__pbxTEj8YPxm1zLXVVDnQrnPJxk=&h=720&w=900&sz=271&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=3f2KteRgsIkCoM:&tbnh=121&tbnw=150&ei=wApsTeqCFJOXceu9pZcL&prev=/images%3Fq%3DLADY%2BTIGER%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26safe%3Dactive%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:en-us%26biw%3D1131%26bih%3D658%26tbs%3Disch:1&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=437&oei=wApsTeqCFJOXceu9pZcL&page=1&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429,r:22,s:0&tx=108&ty=74 Long time ago, there was a barbaric king who was very imperious and so in to making rules and laws.
Frank Stockton writes,''He was a man of exuberant fancy, and withal of an authority so irresistible...''
The king issued a new law in the kingdom which stat ; making any accused person in the kingdom to go the king's arena in a time that the king sets, where he have to chose between two doors ; either the door that has the lady ,or the door that has the tiger.
The king has a daughter that he really likes, who loves a young man who is one of the courtiers, and the king did not know about it. The king ,someway found out that his daughter loves that young man. The king quickly put the young man in prison, and the young man's trial in the king's arena was also appointed very quickly. The princes was so confused and she did not know what to do, especially after she knew in what door is the lady, and in what door is the tiger. The young man went to the arena, and mostly every person in the kingdom was watching him, waiting to know what is going to happen to him and what door is he going to chose. The climax of the story is when the princes pointed to the right door to guide the young man to what door he should chose.