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Rome P2

Facts about Rome in RECIPE form

Sofia H

on 22 February 2011

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Transcript of Rome P2

Ancient Rome Let's break it down into a RECIPE R=RELIGON The Romans were polythestic, meaning they worshiped many gods and goddesses. The Romans got there ideas for gods and goddesses from the Greeks.Basically, they changed the names and gave them new personalites. In almost every Roman home, there was a chapel and/or an alter. Priests would study the insides of dead animals to find meaning or a vision. Government officals would also give offerings to the gods at meetings. The Romans thought that religon was related to every area of life. The Pantheon was a temple to Jupiter/Zeus, but later changed to a Christian church, along with the whole city. E=ENVIROMENT All of Italy has the Alpennies Mountains running down it. Italy is also a pennisula, with the Tyrrhenian, Ionian, and Adriatic Seas surrounding it. There is a strait seperating Italy from Sicily, which is a Italian province. The Tiber River runs through Rome itself, which is one of the reasons for where Rome was founded. Unlike Greece who had poor soil for farming, Rome had very good soil, especially at the bases of mountains like Mt. Etna and Mt. Vesuvius. Mt. Vesuvius was also the mountain that covered the town of Pompeii and Herculaneum in ashes during an eruption in 79 BC C=CULTURE The Romans got many of their ideas of art, architecture,and theater from the Greeks, but changed some of the concepts to make it better.The arch, often used in Roman architecture, became a symbol of Roman creativity. Romans also became interested in miming, the art of acting and showing emotions without speaking. Romans like Virgil and Horace worte poems like satires( poems that make fun of human waknesses) and odes(poems that express emotions about life). people in Rome also enjoyed going to the Colosseum to watch gladitator fights, where two people would fight in bloody battles to the death. They would also go to the Circus Maximus to watch chariot races, which consisted of people racing horses around a track on horseback with others to stay in first place. It is dangerous and often resulted in injury. Roman slaves would go to the Roman Forum /town square to trade. I=INVENTIONS The Romans were the first to come up witht he idea of aquaducts, tall platforms that carried clean water in the city from springs. Although they didn't invent anatomy, Roman scientists perfected the idea and added on to it. They also perfected sewers to carry waste out of the city. Since mining was very important to Rome, the Romans devoloped many techniques to make mining safer and more advanced. Julius Caesar made the Julian calendar, which is almost the exact same style of calendar that we use today. Roman numerals, hence the name, were also made in Rome. A early form of newspapers were also published during that time. P=POLITICS The Roman social class was divided into 2 groups: patrictians and plebians. Patricians were the upper class and more imporant to society. Plebians were the lower class and often worked as tenants for patricians. Rome had a rebulic goverment, which was set up by then dicator Julius Caesar. Caesar was dicator for about a year after he was made dicator for life. After Caesar's assasination in 44 BC, his adopted son Octavian/Caesar Augustus toke the thore and became Rome first emperor. In all there was 147 in Rome. Important officals in Rome were called praetors. Rome also had a senate similar to the senate in the U.S. They would electe officals, and the elected people would hold meetings and discuss Roman politics. Rome was also known for winning power and control by wars and conquering land. E=ECONOMY The Roman economy was mostly made up of trading and farming. Since Rome was able to grow crops such as olives and grapes, they were also able to export it to other countries.In ancient Rome, on a normal street, there was shops everywhere. Most were connected into the home and the family worked there. Slaves in Rome were did jobs other than taking care of the family; such as mining and milling, which were harder and many people died working in the mines. The Roman currency had a few early forms, but the most commonly used currency was the denarius. The Pantheon Physical map of Italy Political Map of Italy Mt. Vesuvius The Colosseum Circus Maximus Roman Forum Julius Caesar Octavian Aquaducts Calendar Denarius THANKS FOR WATCHING!! (Thanks for Watching in Latin)
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