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The first Continental Congress 1774
Transcript of The first Continental Congress 1774
in Philadelphia. A convention is a formal meeting called for a special purpose. This Continental Congress would help to bring about a better understanding of possible actions against the king. The meeting was called the Continental Congress because the British referred to Americans as continentals.
All of the colonies except Georgia elected delegates to the congress. Fifty six important men attended including, George Washington, Patrick Henry, Samuel Adams, John Adams and John Jay. These
were well educated and were leaders in their colonies. A patriot is someone who loves his or her own country.
Why did the first Continental Congress meet?
What happened at Lexington and Concord?
American leaders Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Patrick Henry were sure that the colonists would have to fight for freedom. A group of men had to be trained to be soldiers since the colonists had no organized army. They were called
because they agreed to gather at a minute's notice and become soldiers.
General Gage, the military governor of Massachusetts, became aware to the military supplies stored at Concord. He had ordered a regiment under Major Pitcairn to seize all the supplies, including gunpowder supply, stored at Concord. They had also been instructed to travel to Lexington and capture the rebel leaders.
The patriots learned about the British plans. Paul Revere and William Dawes warned the colonists of attack by riding through Massachusetts on horseback. Revere was captured by the British, and Dawes was forced to flee toward Lexington. However, Samuel Prescott, a third rider continued the journey to Concord. He warned colonists that the British were approaching. The colonists rushed to meet the British at Lexington.
Major Pitcairn reached Lexington on April 19, 1775. He was surprised to find about 70 armed minutemen waiting for him. Both sides fired shots and a number of people were injured or killed. These shots were later described as "the shots heard 'round the world." The war with Great Britain had begun.
The Continental Congress was held in Carpenter's Hall in Philadelphia in September 1774. The delegates debated important issues for seven weeks. They agreed that a Declaration of Rights should be adopted and sent to the king. The Declaration made it clear that taxation by the British would be unacceptable to the colonies. The Congress also agreed to boycott British goods. This boycott was strictly enforced by select committees. Another Continental Congress would be held in May 1775 if the king rejected the Declaration of Rights.
The king and Parliament became furious when they received this declaration. They replied that the colonists, should they resist, would be crushed into submission. A few British leaders warned Parliament that changes needed to be made.. The king and Parliament refused to listen to these men.
The British actions against Boston increased the colonists' need to be more unified against the king. Samuel Adams wanted to find ways to bring about more changes. He decided that a meeting or congress, of representatives from all the colonies should be held.
The First Continental Congress 1774
On a sheet of paper, write the answers to the following questions. Use complete sentences.
1. What was the purpose of the First Continental Congress?
2. How could the delegates at the Congress best be described?
3.What action did the Continental Congress take?
4. Who were minutemen?
5. What did Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott do?