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Pros and Cons of 1920's America
Transcript of Pros and Cons of 1920's America
Pro #2: Harlem Renaissance
Pro #3: Cars
Mass production of automobiles became a quicker and effective way to sell cars on a large scale. The Model T was an example of an affordable vehicle that consumers could purchase for personal use, which connected communities and changed travel forever. Out of this also sprung other economically beneficial businesses, such as hotels and service stations.
Pro #4: Radio
Pro #5: The Jazz Age
Pro #6: Charles Lindbergh
This guy was an American aviator who managed the very first transatlantic flight, alone, nonstop. He started in New York and ended up in Paris in a record time of 33.5 hours. He was awarded with money and fame and celebrations and medals and probably a lot of chicks too.
Pro #7: Urbanization
Pro #1: Flappers
These were a “new breed” of women. They were riskier and more daring. They were characterized by their short, bobbed hair, their shorter dresses, their tendencies to drink and smoke in public, excessive makeup, and generally their “I don't care about proper social norms for women” attitude. It showed a newfound independence and revolution of the female race. MEN SUCK.
a cultural “New Negro” movement centered in New York. Literature, music, art, etc. flourished and the African American culture became more prominent. The black community became more established and proud of their heritage, with a sense of self-determination and dignity.
For the first time, population in cities surpassed the population in rural areas. With urbanization comes modernization, and new innovations such as motels and skyscrapers were born. The growth of cities also enabled economic prosperity (until everything crashed in 1929.. but besides that.)
WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE. Girlies could now vote with the boys. I don't know how else to describe this amendment. However, obviously it is important because the political system was probably terrible without women involved.
Pro #10: Admiral Richard Byrd
He pioneered in the technology that would be the foundation for modern polar exploration and investigation. He was the first man to reach the North Pole, and was also rewarded with all kinds of stuff.
This is a photo of a handsome black man who probably liked the Harlem Renaissance.
By the end of the 20's, there were radios in over 12 million households. There's a plethora of ways that radios positively impacted the nation; news, alerts, and public service announcements were spread much more effectively. Advertising helped boost businesses and therefore the economy. It was also purely a source of entertainment so people weren't sitting around bored all day since it was the 20's and they didn't have iPhones.
"Lets listen to music and hate our lives a little less!"
This ties in with the Harlem Renaissance. Great musicians such as Duke Ellington and Louis Armstrong became prominent. The jazz music was more modern (some would call it vulgar, but young people like vulgar stuff) so it demonstrated the changing of the times. It also united people who went to clubs and concerts to enjoy the music together. Sometimes even white and black people shared a club. All because of great saxophone music.
actual airplane used in flight
Pro #8: 19th Amendment
"This isn't a fashion statement, I'm going to the penguin land."
Con #1: Black Tuesday
Con #2: Stock Market Crash Marks Beginning of the Great Depression
Con #3: Racism
Con #4: Klu Klux Klan
Con #5: Scopes Monkey Trial
Con #6: National Origins Act of 1924
Con #7: Organized Crime
As nervous investors began selling their stocks, millions of stocks flooded the market and their prices plunged. A panic ensued, causing the stock market to sink like a stone. For a few days, leading bankers in the nation tried futilely to keep the market afloat, but this only lasted for a weekend or so. On Black Tuesday (Oct. 29, 1929) alone, over 16 billion stocks were just dumped - affecting even the most solid large companies.
The effects of the Wall Street Crash were devastating. Investors were forced to sell their shares for far less than what they were worth just to gain a little money. Especially since they lost all of their savings when practically every bank ever failed and shut down. With everyone poor, consumerism came to a screeching halt, which prevented the growth and prosperity of businesses. With businesses not doing so well, we couldn't conduct international trade as effectively, which messed with Europe and all our buddies. Basically just a large chain reaction of suckiness.
While the 20's were a time of advancement and moving forward, ignorance was still as strong as ever! Violence towards blacks was at an all-time high - threats, race riots, lynchings. People invaded, drove blacks out, burned things to the ground, murdered . . . All because some people have more melanin in their skin than they did.
This is sort of a byproduct of Con #3 that I was going avoid because it makes me angry, BUT. It is important. The KKK was basically a bunch of lunatic white supremacists who not only targeted blacks, but anyone who wasn't Christian and Caucasian. Membership soared to over 4 million in the 1920's. They went around recruiting new members like they were selling Girl Scout cookies and if you refused, they still were likely to burn a cross on your lawn or something. Oh, but of course it was in the name of "Americanism" and "purification of the nation." SICKENING HUMAN BEINGS.
This was basically a discriminatory immigration law that restricted the immigration of Southern and Eastern Europeans (and practically excluded Asians and other nonwhites) from entry into the country. The government took a census that determined the population of each immigrant group, and then allowed only about 2% of that number into the nation. In addition, the act completely barred immigration for all those whom the Supreme Court prohibited from obtaining U.S. citizenship, specifically Asians. And as an Asian woman, I am offended.
The state of Tennessee decided to be bigots and ban the teaching of evolution at school, because it went against the biblical account of human creation. John Scopes, a biology teacher, was found guilty of breaking this law and fined. Later the verdict was overturned, but still - this was a setback of the time that demonstrated the overly conservative nature of some politicians. Move forward, Tennessee, we're monkeys.
Think Al Capone and Jay Gatsby. What a time the 1920’s was, with the party atmosphere it was a time of great criminal activity, with the prohibition laws in America and the world in an economic depression. People turned more and more to criminal activity, and organized criminals such as mobsters thrived. Jobs were scarce and people needed to provide for their families; gangsterism was dangerous but provided an easy way to make money. Bootlegging alcohol became especially popular.
Con #8: Prohibition
The outlaw of alcohol caused obvious tension between people - prohibition supporters ("drys") and prohibition opponents ("wets"). It also contributed to the aforementioned incline of crime rates, and corruption within law enforcement and politicians. In fact, a lot of the people passing the dry laws were the ones drinking bootlegged alcohol. Ha.
Con #10: First Red Scare
Following the Bolshevik Russian Revolution, hysteria over the perceived threat posed by Communists in the U.S. became known as the Red Scare. People became so paranoid that we were going to be overtaken by communism that laws were actually passed to threaten those who even thought about left-wing social change.