Send the link below via email or IMCopy
Present to your audienceStart remote presentation
- Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
- People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
- This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
- A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
- Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article
Do you really want to delete this prezi?
Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.
Make your likes visible on Facebook?
Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.
Transcript of Morphology 1.1
Two possible kinds of lexicon
Free morphemes can stand alone
a, cat, cattle, impress, fish, industry
Bound morphemes must be attached
In English, bound morphemes are mainly prefixes and suffixes
un-, -ed, -al, -ize
Change the meaning of the word
Bound content morphemes are "derivational"
Make a different form of the same word
Purely grammatical function
Change tense, make things plural
Bound function morphemes are "inflectional"
Monday, October 14, 2012
What is Morphology?
How does the brain store language?
Construction of Morphemes
Construction of Morphemes
Function of Morphemes
"A 'mugwump' is a fellow with his mug on one side of the fence and his wump on the other" ~Anonymous, c. 1884
Study of words
Each word made of morphemes
The Smallest Unit of Language
What has meaning in the following words?
a, cat, cattle, unimpressed, fished, industrialize
Individual letters rarely have their own meaning
Some morphemes have multiple syllables
Some morphemes must be bound to others
Lexical Entry #1
Lexical Entry #2
Lexical Entry #3
Lexical Entry #4
Lexical Entry #5
Lexical Entry #6
Lexical Entry #7
Lexical Entry #8
Lexical Entry #9
Lexical Entry etc.
Spanish Class would be especially terrible...
Nimboran Speakers Could Learn One or Two Verbs
Possibility #1: Store each word individually
Possibility #2: Morphemes
This seems awful.
Agreement with subject and object
Distinguishes 14 person/number combinations
3 Numbers (singular, dual, plural)
4 singular persons
5 plural persons
15 locative suffixes (think prepositions: in, on, above)
2 aspects (repeated, not repeated)
23,520 forms for a transitive verb
Open-Class Morphemes can have other morphemes attached to them
Nouns: Fish Fishes
Verbs: Fish Fishing
Adjectives: Fishy Fishiest
Closed-Class Morphemes cannot have morphemes attached to them
Prepositions: In, at, on
Determiners: The, a
Auxiliaries: Will, has