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John's Brown Raid

John Brown Raid
by

JiaMin Huang

on 10 June 2010

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Transcript of John's Brown Raid

John Brown's Raid Born into a deeply religious family in Torrington. 1800 Moved to a district that would become known for its antislavery views. John Brown's raid or better known as the raid on Harpers Ferry was an attempt to start an armed slave revolt by seizing a United States Arsenal at Harpers Ferry in Virginia in 1859. was defeated by a detachment of U.S. Marines led by Colonel Robert Edward Lee. Born: may 9, 1800
died: Dec 2, 1859 (age 59) Executed by hanging and six other men were involved in the raid.
John Brown's attempt in 1859 to start a liberation movement among enslaved African Americans in Harpers Ferry, Virginia electrified the nation
He was tried for treason against the state of Virginia. Historians agreed that John Brown played a major role in starting the Civil War. His role and actions prior to the Civil War as an abolitionist, and the tactics he chose, still make him a controversial figure today.
When Brown was hanged after his attempt to start a slave rebellion in 1859, church bells rang, minute guns were fired, large memorial meetings took place throughout the North, and famous writers such as Emerson and Thoreau joined many Northerners in praising Brown.
Brown has nicknames like Osawatomie Brown, Old Man Brown, Captain Brown Old Brown of Kansas. Aliases were Nelson Hawkins, Shubel Morgan, and Isaac Smith. Southerners alleged that his rebellion was the tip of the abolitionist iceberg and represented the wishes of the Republican Party. Historians agree that the Harpers Ferry raid in 1859 escalated tensions a year later, led to secession and the American Civil War. On Sunday October 16, 1859 he led a party of 21 men (16 whites & 5 blacks) across the Potomac River from maryland Virginia, in a successful attack on the federal armory at Harper's Ferry. Later the song "John Brown's Body", became a Union marching song during the Civil War that commemorated the Harper's Ferry raid. was an American abolitionist, who advocated and practiced armed insurrection as a means to end all slavery Brown's ultimate goal was to destroy the slave system of the South attack slaveholders and draw liberated slaves into their ranks.
when he was hung on December 2, 1859, Brown uttered a prophetic forewarning of the coming Civil War: "I, John Brown, am now quite certain that the crimes of this guilty land will never be purged away but with blood."
The U.S Marines 1 killed
1wounded Abolitionists Insurgents 10 killed
7 captured
4 escaped
References:
Robert E. Lee's account appears in: Hart, Albert B., American History Told by Contemporaries vol.4 (1928); Furnas, J.C. The Road to Harper's Ferry (1961); Nelson, Truman John, The Old Man: John Brown at Harper's Ferry (1973). Brown's raid attained initial success E.Q. What events created apolitical atmosphere
of tension leading to civil war? John Brown's raid at Harpers Ferry was one of a myriad of events that sparked the Civil War. After his execution, John Brown became the country's most polarizing symbol and greatly increased the animosity between the supporters of slavery and the abolitionists. After John Brown, the South became even more fanatical in the defense of slavery. To his supporters, John Brown was a saint who died in the noble cause of ending slavery; to his opponents, he was an insane murderer http://www.wvculture.orh/history/jnobrown.html

http://eyewitnesstohistory.com/johnbrown.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/john_brown_abolitionist
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