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Conrad-Demarest Model of Han and Rome

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Drew Miller

on 25 September 2014

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Transcript of Conrad-Demarest Model of Han and Rome

Conrad-Demarest Model of Han and Rome
By: Drew, Eli, Caleb, Justin, and Bailey
4. Power Vacuum
3. An Environmental Mosaic
1. State-level government
2. High agricultural potential of the environment
3. An environmental mosaic
4. Power vacuum
5. Mutual antagonism among rival states
6. Adequate military resources
Preconditions for the Rise of Han and Rome
2. High agricultural potential of the environment
1. State-level Government
The Etruscans first developed a society in Rome
After their decline, Rome's republic took shape
The republic expanded, but internal problems led to civil war
This allowed Julius Caesar to rise to power in a government that had success in the past
Caesar then formed an empire with himself as supreme ruler
Agriculture was Rome's economic foundation
Large plantations called latifundia not only produced large amounts of crops, but they also concentrated on crop production for export
This aided specialization and bolstered trade. Additionally, there were maritime trade routes already set up for the Romans to utilize
A productive agricultural economy supported the emergence of a large army and craft industries like iron metallurgy
Large plots of land and millions of peasants gave the Han a good agricultural base
Were able to cultivate grains and vegetables, which they were able to trade along the Silk Road to gain needed goods and supplies
The first emperor of China, Qin Shihuangdhi, developed a centralized bureaucracy
After his death, the Qin fell, and the Han establishment filled right into the government the Qin had left
Lui Bang used old Qin government techniques to establish a slightly more decentralized bureaucracy
Based government off of Confucianism to help keep the government running smoothly
Large plots of fertile land gave Rome an agriculturally sound empire
Seas like the Mediterranean allowed for extensive trade and also acted as natural barriers for protection. The Alps also acted as a protective barrier for Rome.
The Romans utilized aqueducts to bring flowing water from multiple rivers into their cities
Rivers such as the Yellow and Yangzi rivers provided the Han with fertile land and an abundant water supply
Used seas and the Silk Road for trade
Rome's republic government had just fallen
Surrounding states were small and couldn't rise to full power
Period of warring states left China in regional kingdoms
Collapse of the Qin left an opening in the government
No other regional powers had the strength to fill the government vacancy
5. Mutual antagonism among rival states
Smaller city states in the Mediterranean didn't have the military capabilities to obtain control of Rome
Nomadic tribes were constantly clashing with Mediterranean agriculturalists
The warring states period left China in smaller regional kingdoms
The split of the Qin also put China into regional empires
There was a constant clash between the Xiongnu
6. Adequate military resources
Both Julius Caesar and Augustus were able to recruit large and disciplined militaries to form and maintain the Roman empire
These militaries were constantly expanding the empire's land
Soldiers were recruited and trained from China's large peasant class
Promotions were based on strength in battle. There was more incentive for Chinese commoners to fight hard in battle
Han Wudi and his army greatly expanded the Han dynasty into central Asia and the Korean peninsula
The Han also
monopolized iron production
to limit revolts by political competitors
How did political institutions and philosophy change over time within each empire?
Rome went from being a republic in which citizens had a say in government affairs to an absolute empire with an emperor who controlled everything
Rome also began as a place where polytheism was practiced and Christians were persecuted. They then evolved into a place where Christianity was their main religion
The Han began as a decentralized bureaucracy under Liu Bang, but they evolved into a highly centralized government under Han Wudi
The Han also evolved in religion and techniques. They began as a place that taught and practiced Confucianism, but new philosophies, like Taoism and Legalism, surfaced. Legalism became the philosophy used by the highly centralized Han government
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