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Argentina Culture

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Marilyn Nguyen

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Argentina Culture

by Marilyn Nguyen ABC's of Argentina's Culture Argentina is very diverse, culturally and environmentally. Some dances require more traditional clothing while others require certain instruments. Much of the art found in this country was influnced by the Europeans (http://www.mibuenosairesquerido.com/wArgentina3.htm).
The tango is a very common and well known dance in Argentina. This dance had previously only been for men. When two make eye contact, they silently make their way to the dance floor.
In areas where the tango is not very common or not known at all, folk dances are usually present. A well known folk dance is the bailecito, where handkerchiefs are used. The type of folk dance varies on a region's culture (Sounds and Colors, http://www.soundsandcolours.com/articles/argentina/special-offer-discover-argentina-with-bradt-guides).
Nueva Canción became popular, especially during the time of a strict leadership (Argentina Guide, http://www.whatargentina.com/music-argentina.html).
In cities like Buenos Aires, with consent, artists can paint on the buildings. Some streets are home to many colorful houses (Latino Voices, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/05/06/argentina-street-art_n_3224835.html). H is for the History The National Symbols National Pride Taboos Bibliography A for ART B is Buildings One of the most well known monuments is the Obelisco de Buenos Aires. A church had previously been in its place, where the country's flag was first flown. Even though people are not allowed inside, the site is used for many activities.
The Monumento a Eva Perón is the only statue of Eva Perón, who was an important woman and the wife of one of the previous presidents. It is located in front of the place where she died, the previous presidential home, which was destroyed as soon as her husband was removed from power (The Argentina Independent, http://www.argentinaindependent.com/life-style/thecity/top-5-controversial-monuments/). C is for Communication D is for Dress Much of the country dresses very similarly to the United States and Britain. The gaucho, a traditional outfit, are worn in rural areas and in more urban areas, it is usually just worn for special occasions (Globe Rove, http://globerove.com/argentina/argentina-clothing-style-culture/4956). E is Economy Economically, the country is losing is freedom and is becoming more restricted due to law and restrictions in trading (2013 Index of Economic Freedom, http://www.heritage.org/index/country/argentina#open-markets last).
The country has a large amount of natural resources and most of the country can read. Its major exports are petroleum and gas, corn, wheat, and soybeans, their main export partners being the U.S., Brazil, Chile, and China, who are also their main import partners. Things that are usually imported are vehicles, gas, plastic, organic chemicals, and machinery. Their currency is the Argetine Peso (Country Reports, http://www.countryreports.org/country/Argentina/economy/overview.htm). F stands for Family Less than 30% of the work force is made up of women because of the women who stay home and take care of children, which is usually only about two children. Men usually work into the evening. Education is important to the family and all is done so the children can attend school.
At the age of 15, children begin dating and this age is seen as the end of their childhood (Country Reports, http://www.countryreports.org/country/Argentina/family.htm).
There is no typical family because of the many factors that influence a family's life in this country (Argentour, http://www.argentour.com/en/argentina/argentina_family.php). G is for Government I is for the Icons J represents the Jobs K is Knowledge L stands for Language M is for Movement O is for the Organizations P is for the Population A large portion of the population is white, Spanish and Italian, while the rest are either Mestizo or other groups of people.
The birth rate in this country is decreasing as the country develops (CIA-The World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html#top). Quality of Life R is for Religion S is for Status Z for Ztuff U stands for Urban or Rural Most Argentinians live and work in the cities or urban areas. There are a number of indigenous people who still live in rural areas (Argentour, http://www.argentour.com/en/argentina/argentina_family.php). V stands for Vacation and Fun W is for their Way of Life X Marks the Spot X Y is YUM When people first meet, they often greet the other with a handshake, women usually kiss each other on the cheeks. Argentinians use titles when speaking to each other and address other people with their title and surname, using the father's surname if they have two, which is common. Words such as senor, senorita, and senora are used to talk to people (Argentina Business Etiquette & Culture, http://www.cyborlink.com/besite/argentina.htm).
In conversation, they can be talkative and interrupt others. Many Argentinians are kind and warm, being close when conversating. They tend to be blunt and are usually aware of the current news. (Global Edge, https://globaledge.msu.edu/countries/argentina/culture).
Being late does not offend people, for that is normal. People show eye contact when talking to show respect and backing away could be seen as offensive (Kwint Essential, http://www.kwintessential.co.uk/resources/global-etiquette/argentina.html). The country has a republican government, the capital being Buenos Aires. Their law system is greatly influenced by the Europeans. The president, who is the chief of state and head of the government, is Christina Fernandez de Kirchner, who was elected sometime in year 2007 and re-elect after her four-year term (Country Reports, http://www.countryreports.org/country/Argentina/government.htm). Argentina is made up of many different groups of people and had many who immigrated into the country as well.
The country was previously controlled by the Britain, which is why their culture contains a lot of European influence.
During the time of Peron's leadership, he was greatly hated and despised by the people. With the help of Evita, his wife, he became the president. People constantly plotted against him but even so, he helped secure women's voting rights and made education for all people. When she died, he was exiled and the country became disarray.
The Dirty War is well known and during that time, the many people disappeared, probably tortured or killed (Lonely Planet, http://www.lonelyplanet.com/argentina/history#115730). Three famous figures are Evita Peron, Carlos Gardel, and the soccer player, Diego Maradona.
Diego Maradona grew up in the slums and became one of the most inspirational players, and is now in a national team (Icons of Argentina, http://www.tourist2townie.com/culture-food/icons-of-argentina/). Though the country was a largely agricultural country before, now only a small portion of the country have agricultural professions. Many now work in factories, mining, food, or automotive jobs, for example. Wealthy families own companies. Some small stores, where poorer people work may close as late as 9:00 or 10:00 (Argentour, http://www.argentour.com/en/argentina/work_in_argentina.php). Stories such as the The Girl and The Puma are told to children and passed down from generation to generation (Stories to Grow By, http://www.storiestogrowby.com/stories/girl_puma_body.html).
Most children go to schools, many of which are free. It is mandatory for children to go to school until they are fourteen (Classbase, http://www.classbase.com/countries/Argentina/Education-System). In Argentina, che is often used to say hey. Unlike other countries, you will often hear que tal, similar to what's up, when people greet each other (Living in Argentina, http://argentinagringos.blogspot.com/2011/04/argentine-sayings-and-slang.html).
Words such as Bueno will be heard very often in this country (Expose Buenos Aires, http://exposebuenosaires.com/argentine-spanish-the-most-common-words-and-phrases/). Walking or public transportation, such as buses or trains, are very common in Argentina. Taxis are used as well as ferries and the subway (ISA, http://studiesabroad.com/programs/country/argentina/city/buenos_aires/cultureCorner/transportation). There are many organizations, usually one in almost every field. The Argentine Rural Society is for agriculture and livestock. The Equal Rights for Argentine Women is to help with the rights of women (Encyclopedia of the Nations, http://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Americas/Argentina-ORGANIZATIONS.html).
HIJOS is an organization that works to help find and identify the children that disappeared during the Dirty War (Derechos Human Rights, http://www.derechos.org/nizkor/arg/ongmain-e.html). The life expectancy of the country continues to increase as the years pass (Nation Master, http://www.nationmaster.com/country/ar/Age_distribution).
The country provides health care and less people continue to die (International Living, http://internationalliving.com/countries/argentina/health-care-in-argentina/). Most of the country is Roman Catholic while the rest is Protestant, Jewish or part of another religion (CIA - The World Factbook, https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ar.html#top). Power goes to those that many like and respect or to those that have economical power. Over time, the balance of power has become more equal (The Elements of Power, http://www.theelementsofpower.com/index.cfm/cultural-differences/argentina/). In Argentina, putting your hands on your hips is usually seen as a challenge (Business Etiquette, http://www.pasadenaisd.org/rayburn/clubs/bpa/contest/Latinamerica.html).
The Okay sign is seen as something offensive.
When yawning, it is recommended that you close your mouth because it is rude.
The American "rock on" sign is seen as a very offensive sign and is not used (Culture Crossing, http://www.culturecrossing.net/basics_business_student_details.php?Id=14&CID=10). Argentina Steak One of the most well known food in Argentina is the meat, specifically, the steak. It is very well known and many in the country take pride for it (The Real Argentina, http://www.therealargentina.com/argentinian-wine-blog/argentine-steak-a-true-national-passion-recipe/). The National Anthem was originally written by Vicente Lopez calling it "Anthem of May". It had nine verses but over time, it was modified. Now, it is called the "Himno Nacional Argentino".
The flag has three stripes with alternating colors of blue and white. In the center is the face that is called the "Sun of May". The flag was adopted a little after the country gained independence from Spain in 1812. The color of the stripes were chosen by the leader of the revolution while the Sun of May was added in 1818 (Country Reports, http://www.countryreports.org/country/Argentina/symbols/anthem.htm). When the flag is carried, it has at least two carriers. School children usually have strong competition when it comes to holding the flag (World Flags, http://www.worldflags101.com/a/argentina-flag.aspx). Food that is usually associated with Argentina is the beef, which is commonly eaten with asado, or barbeque. Even though they often favor meat, they also enjoy vegetables. A common drink is Mate, which is similar to tea (Ezine Articles, http://ezinearticles.com/?Argentina-Food&id=273295).
A large part of the food is influenced by Europe. Medialunas, for example, are croissants that are glazed and ate in the morning (South America, http://www.southamerica.cl/Argentina/Food/Guide.htm). Argentinians enjoy playing sports and going out. Soccer is the most played and very well known. This country values this sport but also plays many others, each sport usually having a club of some sort (Youth for Understanding, http://www.yfu.org.ar/es/template.asp?Sec=Welcome-to-Argentina&File=About-Argentina.html). Argentina has a low cost of living. It also expresses much of its culture in museums, theaters, etc (International Living, http://internationalliving.com/countries/argentina/live/).

When children go to school, they usually walk or ride a bus. There are not public school buses though so they must take a public transportation bus. In rural areas, some may even go to school by horse.

Grandparents usually live with the extended family to take care of children while the parents work.
Four meals are usually eaten throughout the day. Lunch is usually the largest meal of the day, breakfast and dinner being lighter. Dinner is often eaten later into the night, even after nine in the evening (Country Reports, http://www.countryreports.org/country/Argentina/overview.htm). Argentina is well known for its beef. Breaded and fried meat milanesas are usually used for snacks. Mate is a traditional drink found in this country. Another thing that is common is the wine, Argentina being one of the largest wine producers in the world (Travel to South America, http://www.south-america-travel.info/argentina/cuisine.html). There are multiple regions throughout Argentina with varying climate.
The Pampas: They are plains that cover a large part of Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Santa Fe, and La Pampa. The western area of Santa Fe and La Pampa have drier land and is usually used for grazing (Travel to South America, http://www.south-america-travel.info/argentina/geography.html). It is known for having some of the richest soil in the world, with more having agricultural professions in this area. There are hot and humid summers and cold winters (Country Reports, http://www.countryreports.org/country/Argentina/geography/overview.htm).
Patagonia: This is a dry region, getting colder the further south one travels. Other than multiple spots of life and lakes, it is a barren landscape.
Other regions are the Mesopotamia, the Northwest, Cuyo, etc (Travel to South America, http://www.south-america-travel.info/argentina/geography.html). Works Cited
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