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Dr. Faustus Presentation
Transcript of Dr. Faustus Presentation
Doctor Faustus: A man troubled by his ambitions chooses to sell his soul to Lucifer. His ultimate demise comes as a result of a lack of repentance as he has many opportunities to change, but is blinded by the wealth offered.
"Let Faustus live in hell a thousand years--- a hundred thousand, and at last be sav'd!" (Marlowe).
Alexander The Great: Marlowe alludes to Alexander the Great's greatness and how once he resurrects him the emperor will be all powerful. Faustus uses him as a desire to be like him, and control everything around him. This is important as Faustus' ability to recall ATG gives Faustus powers that a "master" normally had, which gives the man a flawed conception that he is indeed a godlike figure.
The Bible: Marlowe alludes to the Bible regularly, as this is a direct foil to the devil's plan. The Bible showcases the Christian theology which Faustus tries to avoid. This directly contrasts heaven from hell, good from evil, as the allusions to the holy text show that repentance is always possible.
CHARACTER VS. NATURE
CHARACTER VS SELF
"If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and there is no truth in us." (Act I Scene I).
THEMES & MOWAWs
Ambition: Doctor Faustus is a tale of ambition. He is faced with the desire of fame and knowledge. He chooses to attain these objects through dark magic (a short cut to these things). In the end Marlowe capitalizes on pursing ambitions the right way or you will get punished.
Decisions: Doctor Faustus is faced with the choice of selling his soul to Lucifer or forgetting dark magic. These choices are then personified in his mind through the two Angels: Good and Bad. We all know what happened next.
Doctor Faustus is in a constant struggle with nature. He is in the middle of Heaven and Hell and they pull him back and forth. They use things like their own followers to sway him. This mirrors human's constant struggle with nature or getting stuck in the middle of it in the real world.
"The reward of sin is death"
Faustus is an arrogant man and very self-serving, though he is incredibly smart. So smart that there is nothing left for him to learn except for dark magic. After selling his soul to the devil in exchange for power and extended life he proceeds to waste his life on immature tricks. This shows irony in Faustus's life because in his pursuit of greater knowledge and being something more he digresses into playing tedious pranks and doing meaningless acts.
"Why this is hell, nor am I out of it.
Think’st thou that I, who saw the face of God, And tasted the eternal joys of heaven, Am not tormented with ten thousand hells In being deprived of everlasting bliss? " (Marlowe).
Marin Cabrera, Kobe Landry, Jonathan Rayson, Victor Montes, Brady Acevedo, Ena Cusi
Mephostophilis: He is the demon sent to serve Faustus and orchestrates the deal between
Faustus and the devil when Faustus sells his soul. He personifies Lucifer as he is an extension of the devil's wishes and desires.
Mephistophilis is the demon sent to serve Faustus for his extended lifetime. He is very tricky and evil to the core. He convinced Faustus to sell his soul and waste his extended life. In the beginning it seems that Mephistophilis regrets defying the heavens; however, he turns out to just be inherently evil. He is described as having no ounce of goodness in him, which is descriptive of a character who directly personifies pure evil.
Decisions are never what they appear to be later on.
Mankind's flaw is that we give into the temptations and make mistakes because of limitations that test our willpower.
The Devils (Meph., and others)
Friends of Faustus
Faustus has reoccurring doubts about his pact with Lucifer and overall use of power throughout the book. A major symbol that personifies his conscious are the angels in the beginning of the play. The good angel on one shoulder tries to have him repent and side with God, while the other attempts to sway him toward his lust for power and Lucifer. It is a trait that all humans
struggle with on day-to-day
basis which Faustus fails to
Lucifer: This is the ruler of hell who is the master of Mephostophilis. He tempts Faustus with his lucrative offers and overpowers the protagonist's inherently good side.
Mephistophilis' brief explanation of his origin reconciles the idea that all men and creatures begin inherently good but change into malevolent creatures. This quote gives a background story on Mephistophilis, showing him as a tormented creature as he claims he is now in hell, and that hell is not necessarily below earth, but merely below heaven (meaning there is hell on earth).
Faustus values the fame and glory that he gains from Lucifer, but slowly begins to realize that this is all a brief façade of happiness. It takes death to allow Faustus to give value to his life, and he realizes too late that there were ways to avoid hell and that his actions were immoral and grossly wrong.
Faustus resembles a static character insofar that he never truly sees his actions as immoral until he begins to see the timer of his life wither down.
The change in character is small as he had many opportunities to repent but chose to continue on the same path.
The good and bad angels personify his inner struggle of repentance versus the tangible gifts that he receives.
THE STRUGGLE BETWEEN HEAVEN AND HELL IN FAUSTUS' MIND
Faustus sees heaven as too lofty of a
goal and believes hell is virtually
impossible to avoid.
The aspect of "hell on earth" strengthens
his preconceived notion that all men are
destined for a negative end, which
causes him to ignore any possibility of
"For the wages of sin is death, but the gift of God is eternal life..." (Romans 6:23 and Dr. Faustus).
The above quote is present in the play, but also present in the Bible. Faustus recites the quote as he attempts to find justification in his actions while thinking of repentance.
• Marlowe’s parents were Christian people
• Greatly influences Shakespeare
• He was believed to be an atheist
• A warrant was issued for his arrest. He was arrested for committing blasphemy
1564 - 1593
Received a letter from Privy Council to Cambridge telling them to graduate Marlowe. He had lengthy absences and spent more money than his scholarship provided. All of this led to the thought that Marlowe was a spy for the Government.
• Marlowe got into a fight with Ingram over a dinner bill and got stabbed to death by Ingram Frizas
"All places shall be hell that are not heaven"
"Hell strives with grace for conquest in my breast"
THE STORY BEHIND THE PLAY
• Theophilus of Adana demonstrates the first theme of selling the soul to the devil in exchange for something else.
• Doctor Faustus is based on the German Legend of Faust.
• The Legend is based on Dr. Johann Georg Faust, a real magician who lived in Germany in the 15th century.
• Faustus, in return for power, sold his soul to eternal life in hell
• Hundreds or thousands of stories, plays, poetry, art, and films based on the story of Faust.
The play is set in 16th-century Wittenberg, Germany.
Most of the play takes place in Faustus's study in Wittenberg.
Characters enter and exit his study frequently; they gather even when Faustus is not present.
This is where Faustus makes the deal with the devil and where his soul is taken away.
Faustus voices out his thoughts in his study.
Other settings include above the clouds, the Papal palace in Rome, as well as the court of German Emperor Charles; all of these are part of Faustus's fantastic travels.
Papal Palace in Rome
Court of Emperor Charles
The Tragical History of the Life and Death of Doctor Faustus
tells the story of a German
scholar named Faustus who sells his soul to the devil. Dissatisfied with the limits of knowledge, Faustus pursues dark magic and makes a deal with Lucifer; his soul in exchange for unlimited power through the servitude of Mephistophilis, a demon, for 24 years. With his granted powers, he becomes greedy for wealth and glory; he begins performing conjuring acts and abusing his abilities by playing pranks on people.
Several times throughout the play, Faustus feels doubt and regret about his decision, which is depicted through the appearances of the Good and Evil Angels. However, Mephistophilis, along with Lucifer, pulls him away from his remorse. It is not until near Faustus's expiration date that an Old Man visits him and asks him to repent. During this conversation, Faustus reflects on his life and despairingly accepts his doomed fate. Right before his death, he tells his fellow scholars about his deal with the devil; they pray for his soul. At midnight, demons take away his soul and on the following morning, his fellow scholars find his torn limbs. The story ends with a warning from the Chorus about what happens to men who seek more than what heavenly power permits.
Doctor Faustus is play that contains many symbols, mostly due to the fact that its religious allusions use them a lot. Some of the most important symbols are as follows:
Blood represents Faustus' soul and bargain because its what he used to sign his pact with Lucifer.
7 Deadly Sins represents the lack of concern or heed Lucifer and his followers have due to the fact they were used as a puppet show.
The good and evil angel represent the split conscious of Faustus to do good or bad. It is a representation of humans nature struggle to control themselves (character vs self).
Helen of Troy represents beauty/pleasure/love as Faustus calls Mephastopheles to summon the most "beautiful" woman in the world.
The Old Man represents Jesus/God in this play. He tells Faustus there is still time to repent for his sins, and that he can still do good for his life. He talks to him like Jesus or God would to somebody sinning.