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Gender Perspective_Eng version
Transcript of Gender Perspective_Eng version
Gender Perspective in Military Operations
International Humanitarian Law
Armed Conflicts Law
UNSCR 1325 (2000) and 6 related UNSCR
NATO Bi-SC 40-1
Gender perspective integrated in conception and planning phases to define
Measures of effectiveness and of efficiency
Force generation with Gender actors:
GENAD, Gender Field Advisors, Gender Focal Points
Lessons learnt and lessons identified
cross function in
with other actors (ministries, agencies, IOs, NGO's)
access to more information / INTEL
...to contribute to the Situational awareness
...subsequently, adding security to the Force
...to comply with international engagements
The Operational Planning Process will consider and at all times assume that lives, experiences, security threats, freedom of movements, healthiness, and access to health care, resources and influence are not the same for men and women.
These differences and their consequences should be analyzed and taken into consideration to provide recommendations and guidance".
”Only if women play a full and equal part can we build the foundations for enduring peace, development, good governance, human rights and justice".
the United Nations, January 1, 1997
New response to new conflicts...
Men, women and children are affected differently and in unequal proportions by armed conflicts
"Keeping women apart from maintaining, restoring or defending stability, that is their exclusion from the social and political sphere, is directly linked to aggravating threats over regional stability and resuming of violence or conflict extended duration".
In Liberia, 49% of women and girls have experienced at least one act of physical violence or sexual violence from a combatant.
In East DRC, among a population of 5 million inhabitants, 1,3 million women and 0,76 million men were victims of sexual violence during the conflict and in post-conflict period.
Child soldiers: 40% are girls
SGBV as a war strategy to
enhance control on own combatants
demonstrate State failure
draw international attention
In the district of Sarajevo, 80% of the 5,000 men detained in a concentration camp reported they had been raped. So were over 50,000 women.
In Colombia, 36% of displaced persons were forced into sexual intercourse.
In the past 25 years, conflicts in 51 countries have been associated with Sexual gender based violence (SGBV).
"Gender is one of the tools in my toolbox. I can bring a gun, but I can also bring other things to solve a problem".
France: "Advisor in Human Environment of Operations"
"gender mainstreaming should become routine withfull regard to operational equirements in order to
improve operational effectiveness
. Gender mainstreaming in this context represents the process to recognize and
incorporate the role gender plays in relation to NATO's various operational missions
. Gender mainstreaming does not focus solely on women, but the benefits of mainstreaming practices recognize their disadvantaged position in various communities. Women should also be seen as
actors to ensure a sustainable peace
, and should be involved in all stages of crisis or conflict”.
NATO Bi-SC Directive 40-1
Strategic Planning Directive
PIA 3.10.5 (2013)
The term "gender" refers to the social differences and social relations between women and men. (...) to include the way relationships are socially constructed.
A person's gender is learned through socialization and is heavily influenced by the culture of the society concerned.
(It) may result in different roles, responsibilities, opportunities, needs and constraints of women, men, girls and boys.
NATO Bi-SC Directive 40-1
DDR, mentoring, SoB...
SSR, peace process, sustainability
procedures (ROE, SOP, TTP,