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Plagiarism in a nutshell

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Anne Pietsch

on 8 November 2012

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Transcript of Plagiarism in a nutshell

Plagiarism in a nutshell How to avoid plagiarism? 1) Cheating Submitting a piece of work written in whole or in part by someone else.
Paying to have a piece of work written by someone else.
Using sentences, parts of sentences, or larger pieces of text without attributing them. This includes cutting and pasting sections from websites, journal articles, ebooks or PowerPoint presentations .
Mixing and matching parts of sentences to create new ones: if you use recognisable phrases that are not your own then you are plagiarising.
Using unattributed sentences with odd words changed.
Resubmitting part of or a whole assignment you have previously submitted. Even if this is your own work the university considers this plagiarism as each piece of work you submit must be original. 2) Not citing or referencing correctly Citing the name of an author but not making clear which words are the author's and which are yours.
Quoting inaccurately. Even if you cite the author and source and put the quote in inverted commas, if you do not reproduce a quote faithfully then you have plagiarised.
Failing to list all sources used in your essay in your bibliography or cited works/reference list. All websites visited, emails used, radio/television programmes watched as well as books and journals read, should be included. 3) Collusion Writing a piece of work with another student or unauthorised person/s (unless this is group work). No excuses The reasons below are not acceptable excuses for plagiarism:
Lack of time/poor time management
Not understanding the nature of plagiarism. If you are in any doubt consult your tutor before submitting an essay: they will be happy to offer you advice.
Muddled notes leading to confusion between original material and quotes. Outcomes
Understand what constitutes plagiarism
Identify common errors that lead to plagiarism
Learn how to avoid plagiarism What are the consequences of plagiarism? What is Plagiarism? Plagiarism is presenting another person’s work as your own. When you include the arguments, ideas, or theories of someone else, or use the words they have used and present them as your own argument, then this is plagiarism. This may be written words or may be an idea, an artefact, musical composition, choreography, image or string of computer code etc, dependent on your programme of study.
The term plagiarism is derived from the Latin Plagiarius, which means kidnapper. Plagiarism in written work can occur intentionally (e.g. you copy a section from a book without referencing it) or unintentionally (e.g. you paraphrase another person's work or ideas but fail to acknowledge them as the source). Plagiarism is a very serious matter, the consequences of which can be far reaching. In severe cases it can mean that your degree is withheld or that you are required to withdraw from your programme. In more minor cases it can still result in you failing a module and your degree classification being affected.
For more details on plagiarism and other forms of academic misconduct and the process used by the university for dealing with allegations of plagiarism, please refer to the Student Disciplinary Regulations, which are available on the university website. A few tips:
Be organised when reading and writing :
Make a note of the source, incl. page numbers or url when quoting and author, or using an idea you have paraphrased.
Use take notes of full bibliographic details of all the books you are reading.
Make sure you know which referencing style to use and how you need to lay out your citations and bibliographies.
Manage your time
Start early; referencing takes much longer than you think.
Use RefWorks or another bibliographic software to help you manage your research.
Proof read
Proof read you bibliographies as well as you text.
Cross-check with your notes and sources to make sure that anything coming from an outside source is acknowledged. Forms of Plagiarism: "University of Roehampton Referencing styles guides" and "How to Study... guide":

More information on RefWorks is available here: http://www.roehampton.ac.uk/RefWorks.aspx

Further Resources:

Turnitin - The university has a number of systems in place to find plagiarism in student’s work including software such as ‘Turnitin’ which detects how original your work is. If you plagiarise you may face disciplinary proceedings, fail your module and even, at worst, be expelled from university. You should always ensure that you reference your work properly and carefully.
Find out more about Turnitin and how to use the Turnitin practice tool by going to the Library Research Skills Moodle site and looking at the ‘Plagiarism and Turnitin’ section. Further Help This photo, “Walnut” is copyright (c) 2006 Pietroizzo http://www.flickr.com/photos/pietroizzo/110463190/ and made available under a Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 license
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