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Creation and the Cosmos
Transcript of Creation and the Cosmos
Stories a bout how the world began
Helped people define their place in the universe
Describes how the world came to be "ordered"
Helped humans of premodern civilization to make sense of the world
Asks the following:
Where does the world come from?
What is it made of?
Is there an order or pattern or purpose in the universe, or is the universe random?
Was there a god or gods that created the world?
How did life begin?
How did humans come into existence?
Has there always been evil? Or how did evil and wickedness come about?
Qualities of the Texts
Continuity of mythical elements (Babylonian, Greek, and Roman) suggests common heritage
Personified forms of earth, sky, water
Separation of heaven and earth
Beginning of civilization
Idea of decline and progress
Centralizing particular place or culture with whole world
Creation and the Cosmos & Creation Myths
That your memory was erased...
How would you perceive "the world" you live in?
nature, the heavens, modern lifestyle, food, habits, language...
"In order to have a relationship with the Creator, you must have a relationship with creation."
Person speaking one of a group of related languages, presumably derived from a common language, Semitic. The term came to include Arabs, Akkadians, Canaanites, some Ethiopians, and Aramaean tribes including Hebrews.
Enuma Elish pg. 34
18th-12th century BCE
from other cosmogonies: Sumerian, Old Akkadian, West Semitic cultures
Warrior God's struggle against primeval female sea monster Tiamat
Warrior God's (Marduk) struggle with primeval female sea monster Tiamat
"pride of place" to Marduk
Personification of ocean
fresh and salt (Apsu & Tiamat)
Group Mini Project
Consider the natural world of the South. Compose your own creation myth personifying at least 3 natural elements and using them to explain the creation of "the world" and humanity.