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18th CENTURY

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on 30 September 2014

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Transcript of 18th CENTURY

1660
1700
1798
1750
18th Century
PRE-RESTORATION
Division between republicans & democratics

English civil war (1642-1651)

Beheadin of Charles I

Republican government
RESTORATION
1660 monarchy --> Charles II

Division between Toris (anglicans) & Whigs(catholics)

*Reopening of the theatres

*Enlightment
AUGUSTAN AGE
AGE OF SENSIBILITY
PRE-ROMANTIC AGE
REASON
1642
POETRY
LITERATURE
AUGUSTAN LITERATURE
LITERATURE
THEATRE
NOVELS
RESTORATION POETRY
REASON
JONH DRYDEN
RESTORATION THEATRE
HUMAN BEINGS
MODERATION
REALISM
* The fabels:
"The palamon and Arcite"
"Alexander's Feast"

*Political satire:
"Amsalon an Achitophel"
"The medal"

*Doctrinal poems:
"Religio Laici"
"The Hind"
"The Panther
RESTORATION COMEDY
* Sexual situations
* 1st professional actress
*Rise of celebrity actors
*Aphra Behn- "The rover"

JOHN DRYDEN
*The conquest of Granada
*All for love
WILLIAM CONGREVE
*The Way of the World
*Love for love
RESTORATION PROSE
DECLINE THE EPIC
LESS RELIGIOUS
WORKS FOR UPPER AND LOWER CLASS!!
JOHN DRYDEN
JOHN BUNYAN
*Puritan themes
*Doctrinal and controversial
*The age of Johnson

*Knowledge up & superstition down

*Grammar and vocabulary for common people

*Industrial and agricultural revolution

Romanticism
RATIONALISM
IMAGINATION
FEELINGS
INSTINCT
*Anti classical characteristics
*medieval history &folk literature went up
*GREAT BRITAIN: Union of Scotland, Wales and England

*Increase in literacy and printing




NOVELS
DRAMA
POETRY

AUGUSTAN NOVELS
GROWTH OF READING PUBLIC
REALISTIC NOVELS
JONNATHAN SWIFT

Gullivers travels
DANIEL DEFOE

First novel written
in english

Robinson Crusoe
AUGUSTAN POETRY
INFLUENCED BY LATIN LITERATURE !!!
POLITICAL
SATIRICAL
PHYLOSOPHICAL PROBLEMS
ALEXANDER POPE
Attack other authors



AUGUSTAN DRAMA
REFLECTING QUESTIONS TO THE MERCANTILE CLASS!!!
RICHARD STEELE
INSTRUCTIONS
TO THE AUDIENCE

NOVELS
POETRY
DRAMA
AGE OF SENSIBILITY NOVELS
INCREAS ITS POPULARITY
SENTIMENTAL NOVEL
SAMUEL RICHARDSON

PAMELA (1740)
OLIVER GOLDSMITH

VICAR OF WAKEFIELD
AGE OF SENSIBILITY
DRAMA
SENTIMENTAL COMEDY DOWN & RESTORATION COMEDY UP
OLIVER GOLDSMITH

SHE STOOPS TO CONQUER (1773)
RICHARD BRINSLEY
THE RIVALS (1775)
AGE OF SENSIBILITY
POETRY
CHANGE FROM CLASSICISM TO ROMANTICISM
FEELINGS FOR THE UNNATURAL & SUPREME
GOTHIC GENRE UP
ANCIENT ENGLISH POETIC FORMS
FOLK POETRY
THOMAS GARY
Pessimistic thoughts about morality

Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
1-Do the English literature and british literature mean the same? Why?

2-Who was executed before having a parliament?

3-Who was chosen bythe parliament to become the new king? When?

4-So, What was restored?

5-The restoration brought a change in the literature. How do we call it?

6-Ine restoration period appeared many moderns forms. Which ones?

7-what was banned before the restoration by the puritans?

8-The drama in this period was characterised by English comedy with sexually explicit nature. How do we call it?

9-In the 18th century which novels were developed?

10-have you heard anything about children's literature?
*Audience: courtiers, aristocrats, upper middle class
Full transcript