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Transcript of Information Text
Authors use comparisons to describe ideas to readers by describing things that are similar to (this is the comparison) and/or different from (this is the contrast) one another.
(Time/Order) Chronological articles reveal events in a sequence from beginning to end. Words that signal chronological structures include: first, then, next, finally, and specific dates and times.
: Informational texts often describe cause and effect relationships. The text describes events and identifies or implies causal factors.
OEU1 Mod. C LA 10
: literature that describes imaginary events and people. (
Novels, Stories, Plays
A type or category of written text marked by certain shared features or conventions
Central Idea and Supporting Details
-the subject of a passage
Main or Central Idea
-the main point the author is trying to convey
-The details the author uses to supports the main idea
: writing dealing with facts and events rather than imaginative narration
Biographies, History, Essays and
how the information within a written text is organized
Problem/Solution: The text introduces and describes a problem and presents solutions.
Main or Central Idea
: Characteristics of Types of Penguins
Emperor and King Penguins eat fish and Squid
No type of Penguin is capable of flight.
: it is the voice of the text. It provides the point of view from which all of the events and descriptions in the text come. Knowing the speaker's motivations is often important, because the speaker's perspective often distorts the explanation of what is going on in the text.
: In rhetoric, the listeners or spectators at a speech or performance, or the intended readership for a piece of writing.
: Text features are both ways in which the authors and editors make the information easier to understand and access, as well as explicit means of supporting the content of the text through illustrations, photographs, charts and graphs.
helps the reader to visualize more realistically the author’s writings. The usage of metaphors, allusions, descriptive words and similes awaken the readers’ sensory perceptions. Imagery is not limited to only visual sensations, but also refers to the five senses: sight, smell, touch, sound and feel.