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Ernest Hemingway

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Indira Tillett

on 1 September 2016

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Transcript of Ernest Hemingway

Used a plain, forceful prose style characterized by simple sentences and few adjectives

Wrote crisp, accurate dialogue and exact descriptions of places and things

Created a type of male character, sometimes called the "Hemingway hero," who faces violence and destruction with courage.

The trait of "grace under pressure" (unemotional behavior in dangerous situations) became known as the "Hemingway code.”

1899-1961
Biographical Information
His Influences
Hemingway’s parents left big impressions towards his writing style

-His mother was a very dominating woman and because of that he tends to write his female characters as a “wish-fulfillment or an open condemnation of the aggressive, domineering type of women in the American set-up”

-Hemingway’s father was a lover of the outdoors and the influence of that shows in a lot of his works as he portrays the men in his stories as manly men and ‘sportsmen’.

The suicide of Dr. Hemingway was also a great contributor to Hemingway’s life and writing.

-Ernest Hemingway wrote a lot about his father’s suicide, it was most especially written about in For Whom the Bell Tolls and Fathers and Sons.

The first World War provided a lot of inspiration for a few of Hemingway’s works. Such as:

-The Sun Also Rises

-A Farewell to Arms


Major Works:
Novels:
· The Sun Also Rises (1926)
· A Farewell to Arms (1929)
· To Have and Have Not(1937)
· For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940)
· Across the River and Into the Trees (1950)
· The Old Man and the Sea (1952)
· Islands in the Stream (1970)
· The Garden of Eden (1986)


-John Dempsey - Frank Fertig
-Cindy Labbe - Indira Tillett
-Daniel Richardson
Ernest Hemingway
Credit: http://flavorwire.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/hemingway-child-fishing.jpg

Major Works:
Recurring Themes:
How reading might be viewed in a Sociological lens
The Sun Also Rises viewed through a psychological lens
Indira Tillett
"Ernest Hemingway Works." About.com Classic Literature. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://classiclit.about.com/od/hemingwayernest/a/aa_ehemingworks.htm>.

Nonfiction
· Death in the Afternoon (1932)
· Green Hills of Africa (1935)
· The Dangerous Summer (1960)
· A Moveable Feast (1964)
Short Story Collections
· Men Without Women (1927)
· The Snows of Kilimanjaro (1932)
· Winner Take Nothing (1933)
· The Fifth Column and the First Forty-Nine Stories (1938)
· The Essential Hemingway (1947)



http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_VfFEgwDuZ4c/TDEijPH-k4I/AAAAAAAAARQ/ro2-vuVOnzQ/s1600/DSCN0008.JPG

"Ernest Hemingway Works." About.com Classic Literature. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://classiclit.about.com/od/hemingwayernest/a/aa_ehemingworks.htm>.
John Dempsey
<http://www.pbs.org/wnet/americannovel/timeline/hemingway.html>
John Dempsey
The Sun Also Rises: “You can't get away from yourself by moving from one place to another.” (escape, coping)

A Farewell to Arms: “If people bring so much courage to this world the world has to kill them to break them, so of course it kills them. The world breaks every one and afterward many are strong at the broken places. But those that will not break it kills. It kills the very good and the very gentle and the very brave impartially. If you are none of these you can be sure it will kill you too but there will be no special hurry.” (nihilism, strength)

John Donne’s “For whom the bell tolls”: No man is an island, entire of itself; every man is a piece of the continent, a part of the main. If a clod be washed away by the sea, Europe is the less, as well as if a promontory were, as well as if a manor of thy friend's or of thine own were: any man's death diminishes me, because I am involved in mankind, and therefore never send to know for whom the bells tolls; it tolls for thee." (loneliness)

The Old Man and the Sea: “But man is not made for defeat," he said. "A man can be destroyed but not defeated. ” (persistence, tenacity)
A Few Quotes:

"Goodreads." Goodreads. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://www.goodreads.com/work/quotes>.
John Dempsey
"http://stream1.gifsoup.com/view3/4875217/the-old-man-and-the-sea-o.gif"
Recurring Themes:
Stories are usually semi autobiographical

Incorporates his experiences whilst traveling in many of his works

Therefore, since Hemingway’s life is full of war, his novels typically share themes surrounding war, the nature of women, the effect of war on men, and masculinity

Loneliness, isolation

Strength, skill, pride

Man in nature, friendship

"http://i.imgur.com/dUaF2NV.png"

John Dempsey
"http://d24w6bsrhbeh9d.cloudfront.net/photo/6173234_700b.jpg"

John Dempsey
http://flavorwire.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/ernest_hemingway_on_safari_1934.jpg?w=600&h=465
In an interview with Hemingway:

Interviewer: Would you admit to there being symbolism in your novels?


Hemingway: I suppose there are symbols since critics keep finding them. If you do not mind, I dislike talking about them and being questions about them. It is hard enough to write books and stories without being asked to explain them as well. If five or six more good explainers can keep going why should I interfere with them? Read anything I write for the pleasure of reading it. Whatever else you find will be the measure of what you brought to the reading.

John Dempsey
Recurring Themes:
The feeling of being a part of the lost generation influenced Hemingway greatly:

Theme of alienation/isolation from society in “Soldier’s Home”

Uses nature to illuminate man’s struggle with himself

Characters are in naturalistic settings

Characters must respond with “grace under pressure”

Prevailing through long struggle

Nature

Death

Masculinity

Ambivalence/uncertainty

Major Events

Major Events

Major Events

Major Events

Major Events

Major Events

Major Events

Major Events

Frank Fertig
Frank Fertig
Frank Fertig
John Dempsey
Chip Fertig
Daniel
Richardson
“Lost Generation”
-Characterized by carelessness
-Never explicitly states that character’s
lives are meaningless
-Alcohol is the source of fun
-No prohibition in Paris
-Touches on Feminism through Brett’s
character

Looking at For Whom The Bell Tolls

-Politically, the title reflects Hemingway’s stance, which,
like Robert Jordan’s, is anti-Fascist as opposed
to pro-Communist.

-Like many western intellectuals at the time, Hemingway
saw the Spanish Civil War as a symbolic struggle between
authoritarianism and a more humanist and liberal
alternative.



http://bookcoverarchive.com/images/books/the_sun_also_rises.large.jpg
Daniel Richardson
What does sociological criticism mean?


The approach that examines literature in the cultural, economic, and political context in which it is written or received.
Looking at The Sun Also Rises
Frank Fertig

"Creative Images." Stock Photography, Royalty-Free Photos, Video Footage
& Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.
Frank Fertig
Frank Fertig
Cindy Labbe
Daniel Richardson
Frank Fertig
Indira Tillett
http://flavorwire.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/eh-6949p.jpg?w=600&h=417
http://flavorwire.files.wordpress.com/2011/07/6a01053589724d970b011570934cb8970c-640wi.jpg?w=450&h=784
Works Cited
July 21, 1899, Ernest Miller Hemingway was born in Oak Park, Illinois.
Hemingway starts writing for the "Kansas City Star" right out of high school.
"Ernest Hemingway FAQ: Themes." Ernest Hemingway FAQ: Themes. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://www.timelesshemingway.com/content/themesfaq>.

"Ernest Hemingway." PBS. PBS, Mar. 2007. Web. 02 June 2014.

"Ernest Hemingway Works." About.com Classic Literature. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://classiclit.about.com/od/hemingwayernest/a/aa_ehemingworks.htm>.

















Naeem, Muhammad. "Influences that Moulded Hemingway’s Genius | Learn English, IELTS, EFL,ESL Public Speaking, Grammar, Literature, Linguistics by NEO."Influences that Moulded Hemingway’s Genius | Learn English, IELTS, EFL,ESL Public Speaking, Grammar, Literature, Linguistics by NEO. N.p., 9 Oct. 2010. Web. 1 June 2014.
<http://neoenglishsystem.blogspot.com/2010/10/influences-that-moulded-hemingways.html>.


"Notable Style of Writing with Short Stories ~ Hemingway. Citing Different Short Stories and Their Related Style Of... - Homework Help - ENotes.com." Enotes.com. Enotes.com. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/notable-style-writing-with-short-stories-hemi-400633>.
"Ernest Hemingway - Biography." Ernest Hemingway - Biography. Web. 01 June 2014.
<http://www.egs.edu/library/ernest-hemingway/biography/>.

Excessive drinking to cope with their disappointment of their society
Wagner-Martin, Linda. Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises: A Casebook. Oxford: Oxford UP, 2002. Print.
Emotional self-destruction
Brett's fear of 'womanhood in the sexual control of men'
Wagner-Martin, Linda. Ernest Hemingway's The Sun Also Rises: A Casebook. Oxford: Oxford
UP, 2002. Print.
Running from problems
"Creative Images." Stock Photography, Royalty-Free Photos, Video Footage
& Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.
"Creative Images." Stock Photography, Royalty-Free Photos, Video Footage
& Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.
"Creative Images." Stock Photography, Royalty-Free Photos, Video Footage
& Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.
"Creative Images." Stock Photography, Royalty-Free Photos, Video Footage
& Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.
"Creative Images." Stock Photography, Royalty-Free Photos, Video Footage
& Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.
Major Events
Frank Fertig
Cirino, Mark. Ernest Hemingway: Thought in Action. Madison: U of Wisconsin, 2012. Print.

"Creative Images." Stock Photography, Royalty-Free Photos, Video Footage & Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.
<http://www.gettyimages.com.>
Hemingway serves as an ambulance driver in WW1
In 1922 Hemingway marries his first wife, Hadley Richardson.
In 1923 Hemingway's first child was born, John Hadley Nicanor.
Hemingway becomes an active member of "The Lost Generation"
In 1927 Hemingway begins to question his marriage with Richardson.
Hemingway meets his second wife, Pauline Pfeiffer.
In 1928 Hemingway's second child is born.
Hemingway's father commits suicide.
In 1939 Hemingway moves to Cuba after separating from his second wife.
In 1940 Hemingway marries his third wife, Martha Gelhorn.
In 1944 Hemingway is part of WW2, but considered "precious cargo"
In 1946 Hemingway meets his fourth wife, Mary Walsh.
Hemingway is rewarded with the Nobel Prize in Literature.
Hemingway struggles with alcoholism and mental illness.
In July 2, 1961 Hemingway commits suicide at age 61.
Frank Fertig
"Creative Images." Stock Photography, Royalty-Free Photos, Video Footage
& Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.
Cindy Labbe
Biographical Information cont...
"Ernest Hemingway - Biography." Ernest Hemingway - Biography. Web. 01 June 2014.
<http://www.egs.edu/library/ernest-hemingway/biography/>.

"Ernest Hemingway." Ernest Hemingway. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://www2.uncp.edu/home/canada/work/allam/1914-/lit/heming.htm>.

"Goodreads." Goodreads. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://www.goodreads.com/work/quotes>.

"Creative Images." Stock Photography, Royalty-Free Photos, Video Footage
& Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.
"Creative Images." Stock Photography, Royalty-Free Photos, Video Footage
& Music. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 June 2014.
"Notable Style of Writing with Short Stories ~ Hemingway. Citing Different Short Stories and Their Related Style Of... - Homework Help - ENotes.com." Enotes.com. Enotes.com. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://www.enotes.com/homework-help/notable-style-writing-with-short-stories-hemi-400633>.
"Ernest Hemingway FAQ: Themes." Ernest Hemingway FAQ: Themes. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://www.timelesshemingway.com/content/themesfaq>.
"Ernest Hemingway." PBS. PBS, Mar. 2007. Web. 02 June 2014.
"Ernest Hemingway." Ernest Hemingway. Web. 03 June 2014.
<http://www2.uncp.edu/home/canada/work/allam/1914-/lit/heming.htm>.
Naeem, Muhammad. "Influences that Moulded Hemingway’s Genius | Learn English, IELTS, EFL,ESL Public Speaking, Grammar, Literature, Linguistics by NEO."Influences that Moulded Hemingway’s Genius | Learn English, IELTS, EFL,ESL Public Speaking, Grammar, Literature, Linguistics by NEO. N.p., 9 Oct. 2010. Web. 1 June 2014.
<http://neoenglishsystem.blogspot.com/2010/10/influences-that-moulded-hemingways.html>.

<http://ecx.images-amazon.com/images/I/71ahJkud8uL.jpg>
"Big Two-Hearted River" viewed
through a psychological lens
Indira Tillett
Cirino, Mark. Ernest Hemingway: Thought in Action. Madison: U of Wisconsin, 2012. Print.
Coming home detached and estranged; and, searching for restoration after the war.

Nick Adams is dealing with post traumatic stress disorder

He has feelings of survivor's guilt

His extreme meticulousness is a reaction to a repressed feeling of powerlessness
<http://isbn.abebooks.com/mz/40/56/1565113640.jpg>.
<http://3.bp.blogspot.com/-K5Koi1uDmnY/TvSqw3vvu4I/AAAAAAAABPA/CuXsFhTDNlc/s1600/ernest-hemingway-photo.jpg>.
Hemingway. Grace Fishing. N.d. Celebrating Hemingway's Life in Photos, Michigan. Flavorwire. Web. 1 June 2014.

Hemingway. Wedding photo, Ernest Hemingway looking at Hadley Richardson. N.d. Celebrating Hemingway's Life in Photos, Michigan. Flavorwire. Web. 1 June 2014.
Hemingway with Hadley and friends in Pamplona


Hemingway. Hemingway with Hadley and friends in Pamplona. n. N.d. Celebrating Hemingway's Life in Photos, Michigan. Flavorwire. Web. 1 June 2014.
<http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-3hKTV7ALUCI/T05jxoybvBI/AAAAAAAABto/xgWZ62bQd1I/s400/P1050513.jpg>.
Nelson, Cary. "The Spanish Civil War: An Overview." The Spanish Civil War: An Overview. N.p., 2001. Web. 27 May 2014.
http://www.english.illinois.edu/maps/scw/overview.htm
"The Lost Generation." The Lost Generation. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2014.
http://www.montgomerycollege.edu/Departments/hpolscrv/jbolhofer.html
Nobelprize.org.NobelMedia.AB2013. Web.15 May 2014
Political Views
"If Hemingway were alive today, he would probably be considered a leftist radical. Cramming such a gifted and open mind into mainstream categorization is probably a waste of time- but doing it anyway, Hemingway would probably be considered a liberal Democrat."
http://Hollowverse.com.Web.2013.15. May 2014
Cindy Labbe
Full transcript