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TYPE OF DISCOURSE

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by

Vernis Marie Dinong

on 12 August 2014

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Transcript of TYPE OF DISCOURSE

is a serious talk or piece of writing which is intended to teach or explain something. It also refers to the purpose of the writer in presenting his ideas.
4 TYPES OF DISCOURSE

Exposition
Description
Narration
Argumentation


DISCOURSE
TYPES OF DISCOURSE
TYPES OF DISCOURSE
TYPES OF DISCOURSE
Exposition
- Detailed explanation of an idea or a discussion of a problem
- Form of communication which sets for truth, explains or interprets facts or ideas

DESCRIPTION
-kind of writing that records sense impressions.
-may stand alone as a rhetorical mode or discourse or may be used as an ad to exposition.
-may be informative, evocative and other genres of literature.
-uses figures of speech and other literary devices.
-has aesthetic value and appeal to feelings and emotions.

The physical description of a place enables the readers to picture out what is happening at a particular place.

Evocative description example:












-Informative Description
c
-Description of Mechanism
-Description of Process
A Lesson Plan is an effective means of ensuring that a proper way of transmitting knowledge is attained. A Lesson Plan is a layout of activities prepared by a qualified teacher.
NARRATION
- act of telling a story or presenting events or incidents as the happen.
-dyanamic mode of discourse that gives impression of movement in time.


*LOGICAL ORDER OF NARRATION
a.) The following are some of the time words and phrases for the purpose:


b.) To show forward movement of time, the following expression s are suggested:
c.) To show frequency of occurrences:





d.) The following shows chronological relationship:
AUTOBIOGRAPHY
-includes telling stories about key events and describing people who havesignificant roles in your life.
-narration and description are two important means of presenting an autobiography.
ARGUMENTATION
-type of discourse that centers on a thesis.
-maybe used for proposing a solution or defending proposal or criticizing existing practices, systems, and approaches.


*SUBJECT OF ARGUMENTATION
Cases of Proposition:

1.)Proposition of Fact
2.)Proposition of Policy
-FALLACY
-is an argument that uses poor reasoning.
-An error that stems from a poor logical form is sometimes called a formal fallacy or simply an invalid argument.
-An informal fallacy is an error in reasoning that does not originate in improper logical form.

*TYPES OF FALLACIES
1. Argumentum ad Hominem
2. Argumentum ad Populum
TWO KINDS:
- Argumentum ad envidiam
Committed when a debater ignores te real question and inflames his audience with hatred and rancor.
- Argumentum ad miserricordiam
(Argument from pity or misery) the fallacy committed when pity or a related emotion such as sympathy or compassion is appealed to for the sake of getting a conclusion accepted.
3. Argumentum ad Ignorantiam
4. Argumentum ad Verecundiam: (argument from authority)
5. Argumentum ad judicium

Types of Fallacy of ambiguity :
1. Equivocation- committed when an expression is used ambiguously.
Ex: God is love
Love is blind
Therefore, God is blind
2. Amphiboly- committed when the debater is deceived by the ambiguous grammatical construction rather than by the ambiguous word.
Ex: This child his father killed
3. Accent- an ambiguity that arises from false accent or emphasis of speech.
Ex: Woman without her man would be lost
4. Composition- Committed in taking jointly what is to be taken separately.
Ex: Two and four is less than five. But two and four are six. Therefore, six is less than five.
5. Division- committed when things are taken separately when it should be taken jointly.
Ex: 16 is divisible by 4. But 9 and 7 is 16. Therefore, 9 and 7 are divisible by 4.
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