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Narrative Writing

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Amanda Baker

on 10 September 2013

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Transcript of Narrative Writing

Narrative Essays
the basics
What is a narrative essay?
tells a story
creates an *experience* for the reader
includes a moral or lesson
often written for college applications!
The Introduction
The Hook
Set the Scene
Thesis Statement
Body Paragraphs
Show, Don't Tell
Supporting Evidence
Passage of Time
Transitions
ELA 11
How to Structure a Narrative Essay
The Hook
Start with a statement about your story that catches the reader’s attention.

Consider using a relevant quotation, question, fact, or definition.

Set the Scene
Provide the background information a reader needs to know in order to understand the story.
Major Characters
Time and Place
Personal experience? Fiction?
Answer this indirectly (i.e. Don't say, "This is fiction.")
Thesis Statement
Plays a different role than in an argumentative essay, and can:
begin the events of the story:
“It was sunny and warm out when I started down the path.”
offer a moral or lesson learned:
“I’ll never hike alone again.”
identify a theme that connects the story to a universal experience:
“Journeys
bring both joy and hardship.”

Show, Don't Tell
Include details and descriptions that help the reader feel and understand the experience.
Consider using all five senses
sight, touch, taste, sound, and smell
For example,
“My heart jumped as the dark
shape of the brown grizzly lurched toward me out of the woods,”
provides more information about what the writer saw and felt than,
“I saw a bear when I was hiking”.

image: http://www.firearmstalk.com/images/3/9/0/8/3/how-to-survive-bear-attack-1388.jpg
http://www.momentumcareersadvice.com/wp-content/uploads/student-thinking2.jpg
What to include, and where.
Supporting Evidence
Evidence for a personal story... what???

Yes. And it's simple, really...
In a personal narrative, your experience acts as the evidence that proves your thesis.
The events of the story should demonstrate the lesson learned, or the significance of the event to you.

Passage of Time
Most narratives are told in chronological order (beginning to end).
Try to keep the events in your story in a linear order that flows well.
Don't jump around unless a flashback is necessary.
Use transitions for a seamless story.
examples of time transition words:
next, finally, during, when, and later
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/45/MontreGousset001.jpg/220px-MontreGousset001.jpg
Speaking of Transitions...
A new paragraph marks a change in the action of a story, or a move from action to reflection.
Paragraphs should connect to one another.
For example, the end of one paragraph might be:
“I turned and ran, hoping the bear hadn't noticed me,"

and the start of the next might be:

“There are many strategies for surviving an encounter with a bear; ‘turn and run’ is not one of them.”
The repetition of words connects the paragraphs.

http://exchangedownloads.smarttech.com/public/content/14/14ade8f2-d8bd-4ef2-a565-5dac41f63f02/previews/medium/0001.png
Conclusion
Closing Action
Reflection
Closing Action
Naturally, you'll want to wrap up your narrative in the concluding paragraph. This is the exposition of the story; it's where you tie up the loose ends...

BUT DON'T STOP THERE!
The Moral of the Story?
In the conclusion, be sure to include a reflection.
What is the significance (importance/meaning) of the event?
What lesson(s) did you learn?
How has what happened affected your life today?

The answers to these questions give your narrative MEANING to the reader and make your story stick!

http://www.sbcc.edu/clrc/files/wl/downloads/StructureofaPersonalNarrativeEssay.pdf
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