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Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi

Term 4 History Report


on 19 November 2012

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Transcript of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi

Each Region of China had there own writing systems, weights, customs, trade and money. However, when Qin Shi Huangdi unified China he started to change it all. The writing system was changed and the Chinese had to use more than 3000 government characters and were put in a dictionary. He had also chosen the number '6' as the substructure for all measurements including cups, weights and spoons. Another item he standardized was money. Shi Huangdi demanded that there would only be one penny to be used for currency. It was either made from gold, silver and sometimes bronze and usually had a whole in the middle of it. The most commonly known concept Shi Huangdi homogenized was the law. He and his scholars declared these laws together. He had made laws for everything and punishments that followed if they were broken. One example was that Qin Shi Huangdi wanted no-one in the future to discover the past emperor that were in power before him, so he burnt all books containing information about the years before him. Those who objected this decision were to be killed or sometimes hard labor. Death/Burial Great Wall The End Start What steps did Qin Shi Huangdi take to unify China? According to Chinese Historians, Qin Shi Huangdi was unable to find his happiness. He was always taking his unhappiness and anger out on his subjects and people. Shi Huangdi was always scared to die and he wanted to live forever. He found a bunch of magicians who offered to find an immortal potion to make his wish come true at a small price. He sent them off in 219BC and were never seen again. In 212BC he met a fortune teller who said that the evil spirits were coming for him because he failed to discover the immortal potion. He tried solving this by building secret passages no evil spirit could find him, eventually no-one could find him. Qin Shi Huangdi died unexpectedly in 210BC, however scholars believe he was drinking all sorts of potions to find his immortality and unfortunately drank a type of poison. His top and favourite advisor Li Si (LEE-SUR) kept his death a secret until the scholars gave up searching for him. Li Si later got executed for keeping such a secret and Qin Shi Huangdi was laid to rest in one of the world's greatest tombs. His tomb is still hidden today. Why did Qin Shi Huangdi force his subjects to build an enormous wall in Northern China? Thanks for viewing my Qin Shi Huangdi
Prezi Presntation Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi The first Emperor to conquer China EMPEROR QIN SHI HUANGDI
HAD 270 PALACES What aspects of Chinese culture did Shi Huangdi standardize? What is unique about the death and burial of Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi? Before Qin Shi Huangdi's rule of China the northern states had built defense walls to prevent the Mongolians invading their land. When he came to the throne the construction of the Great Wall of China began. The Great Wall's purpose was to stop invaders to the land and to discourage his subjects and people to abandon his tribe. Meng Tian, trusted general to the emperor, supervised 300,000 workers who were forced by law to build the Great Wall. These workers included soldiers, peasants, convicted criminals and disgraced government officials. The Great Wall took up 10 years to construct and it stretched 1500 miles through quicksand, deserts, mountains and swampland. On average, the Great Wall of China is 25 feet high and 15-30 feet thick. Due to weather forecasts, many workers became ill and died due to hard labor and Scholars estimate tens and thousands of workers died due to hard labor. Some, but very few, had to stop there work and go fight off the northern invaders. By the completion of the Great Wall, it didn't initially prevent invaders from intruding. Mongolians and 'Huns' successfully invaded years after Qin Shi Huangdi passed. Due to the many deaths on the Great Wall, Chinese Historians refer it as the world's longest graveyard and was considered the most awesome achievement of Qin Shi Huangdi. Before Shi Huangdi ascended to the throne all the different states were at war for supremacy to China. As soon as he was in power he started a government system to help him rule and conquer China.. The emperor and his officials had control of courts and armies to stop the war with the strongest army. Above that, he wanted to be known as the first emperor in the history of China. This meant he wanted to rid anything that had to do with previous emperors including books, inventions, etc. He standardized the traditional writing system and everyone was to use government writing characters. He also changed the currency to one penny, measurement systems and laws that detailed rules and consequences alongside appointed officials and courts. Terra Cotta Warriors Unifying China Standardization
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