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Brandon's first Prezi

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Brandon C

on 17 January 2013

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Transcript of Brandon's first Prezi

Summary Writing Guide Steps 1-3 Step 4 The Final Piece Writing a Summary Paragraph based on the selection provided. Step 1-3 Step 4 Step 5 To begin with, read over the provided selection to understand what the summary will be written about. While reading try to analyze or figure out the General topic/Main idea. After reading the selection and coming to a complete conclusion on what the main idea is, you are now ready to highlight the key points from the selection. A good tip for selecting important key points in the selection is to pick sentences with, Names, Dates , or other important facts such as location. The General Goal to Accomplish while writing a summary The general goal of completing a summary is to condense a selection into a few sentences that identifies the main idea aswell as the key points that the reader is meant to know. A summary paragraph allows the intended reader a smaller paragraph that picks out the important facts over the less important facts. With a highlighter of choice, highlight the first to sentences the selection provides, this will be used as the main idea! Another tip to remember, is to not copy the first two sentences you have just highlighted word for word, pick out the most important facts and condense it into one sentence! Example of picking out important facts, as well as highlighting the first two sentences An example of the Northern History in Ontario is the school rail cars, there was a vast amount of mining and forestry settlements in 1920. In the 1922’s a few towns could afford their own schools but others were less fortunate, that is until a Superintendent from North bay created an experiment to turn a passenger rail cart into a classroom which included desks, a blackboard, books and a small compartment for the Teacher. The experiment was so successful that 7 cars were launched in 1938 but ended in 1950. One of the last school cars were shuttled to a railroad yard in 1967, but its journey did not end there. Some people from Clinton Ontario purchased the cart to remember their fellow Fred Sloman. In Conclusion the 1920s, was quite the historic year due to the school rail cars and the vast amount of mining and forestry settlements. The Highlighted selection you see is the first two sentences you will condense into the main idea. The black boxes are to signify the important information to pull from the selection, these include dates, and locations. Remember! Do not start the first sentence with " The main idea of the selection is..." Lets see the difference between a detailed sentence over a vague sentence As Shown here, the sentence includes a date (2001), aswell as a location, (ryerson university) Detailed Vague Information Remember, Important facts include Names, Dates and Places. In 2001, Ryerson Unversity revealed a study which outline that 10 out 12 students believe that the literacy test is an ineffective test. Last year a man was found guilty of robbing a store As shown in this example, it does not include a general date, location or any names The finished Topic sentence: Northern Ontario history included School rail cars from 1922, aswell as Mining and Forestry settlements. Now we have a Topic sentence that looks something like this: Northern Ontario history in 1922, included school rail cars, aswell as mining and forestry settlements. The next step is to move onto bringing a quote from the selection, that stays relevant to your main idea. In the 1922’s a few towns could afford their own schools but others were less fortunate, that is until a Superintendent from North bay created an experiment to turn a passenger rail cart into a classroom which included desks, a blackboard, books and a small compartment for the Teacher. The experiment was so successful that 7 cars were launched in 1938 but ended in 1950. One of the last school cars were shuttled to a railroad yard in 1967, but its journey did not end there. Some people from Clinton Ontario purchased the cart to remember their fellow Fred Sloman. In Conclusion the 1920s, was quite the historic year due to the school rail cars and the vast amount of mining and forestry settlements. The tip to creating the body (Step 4) is to leave out quotation marks after selecting the sentence you pull from the selection, and do not copy it word for word, reword the whole sentence structure. Now that we have pulled a sentence from the selection that we will use in our body paragraph, we can begin to re word it. To reword the sentence, look at which words you can pull from the sentence, and replace with bigger and better words which allow a higher level of reading. Aswell as add in more words to be more descriptive. A Superintendent from North Bay Ontario, Canada held an experiment to recreate a passenger rail cart into a class room which include all the necessities to teach; Desks, Blackboards, Books and a small compartment for the teacher. as shown in the underlined section, new words have been added to increase the length of the sentence, aswell as the reading level the overall paragraph will have. For rewording text, remember you can replace details to allow adjectives to take over. For Example Her confession was videotaped in secret Her secretly videotaped confession… The box around was is there to show that the word has been completley removed from the sentence and replaced with secretLY One tip to remember when you are rewording sentences is to make sure your grammar is up to par, there is no point in taking a perfect sentence and replacing it with in correct spelling of words and sentence structure. The final step required to write a summary is the Concluding sentence. The concluding sentence is the last sentence in the summary which basically is just a rewording of the first sentence "The Main idea, Or Topic Sentence" Our Topic sentence looked something like this: Now we have 2 out of 3 things required:
A topic sentence: Northern Ontario history in 1922, included school rail cars, aswell as mining and forestry settlements.
A Body Sentence: A Superintendent from North Bay Ontario, Canada held an experiment to recreate a passenger rail cart into a class room which include all the necessities to teach; Desks, Blackboards, Books and a small compartment for the teacher. Northern Ontario history in 1922, included school rail cars, aswell as mining and forestry settlements. A tip for the concluding sentence is to add transition words, such as "therefore, similarily, on the other hand, in the same way, or Although". Also you can flip the topic sentence so it is backwards. My choice is to use Although for the transition word. Although, Northern Ontario was full of mining and forestry settlements, it was also full of School rail cars in 1922'. If you are not satisfied with the length of your summary, feel free to add in another body sentence after or before the concluding sentence, it will not affect your mark other than increase it. In the 1922’s a few towns could afford their own schools but others were less fortunate, that is until a Superintendent from North bay created an experiment to turn a passenger rail cart into a classroom which included desks, a blackboard, books and a small compartment for the Teacher. The experiment was so successful that 7 cars were launched in 1938 but ended in 1950. One of the last school cars were shuttled to a railroad yard in 1967, but its journey did not end there. Some people from Clinton Ontario purchased the cart to remember their fellow Fred Sloman. In Conclusion the 1920s, was quite the historic year due to the school rail cars and the vast amount of mining and forestry settlements. The highlighted selection is another great choice for the body sentences, as it stays relevant to the main idea- School rail Cars The Experiment held by the super intendent from NorthBay was so successful that 7 cars were launched just a few years later after the original idea, but shortly ended in the 50's. Northern Ontario history in 1922, included school rail cars, aswell as mining and forestry settlements. A Superintendent from North Bay Ontario, Canada held an experiment to recreate a passenger rail cart into a class room which include all the necessities to teach; Desks, Blackboards, Books and a small compartment for the teacher. Although, Northern Ontario was full of mining and forestry settlements, it was also full of School rail cars in 1922'. The Experiment held by the super intendent from NorthBay was so successful that 7 cars were launched just a few years later after the original idea, but shortly ended in the 50's. Now that we have completed the summary, it is up to you to add the final body sentence if you feel required to. The highlighted section is the extra body sentence you can add to the summary Before or after the concluding sentence What do you do if the first sentence is a question!?
Simple, turn the question into a statement by removing the question words.
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