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The Main Events of The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair

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Gwen Fr32den6er9

on 1 July 2011

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Transcript of The Main Events of The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair

The Main Events of The Jungle by Upton Sinclair
By Gwen Freudenberg Summary:
Jurgis Rudus is a young Lithuanian migrant, whom, with the rest of his family, came to America, with dreams of wealth, and fortunate. Landing in the blooming town of Packington, Chicago, he comes to know of the most flourishing area in particular, the stockyards, where “they use everything about the hog except the squeal.”As he endures the unsanitary environment, the backbreaking labor, and the “slave-wage” pay, He discovers the harsh reality of the stockyards, and the devastating truth of the injustice served in this jungle of human suffering. The Artwork above is The Martyrdom of Ten Thousand by Albret Durer.
I chose this piece of art because I thought it best represented the suffering of the lower class workers of Durham, majority of which proved to be immigrants during the time of the novel (The Jungle). As the passage depicted from page 97-99, experienced workers were willing to go so far as to be damaged beyond recovery, or die from disease, or accident; to work in an environment with deadly conditions, and with extreme labor, to continue their employment at the industry. "the worker bore evidence of them [disease] about on his own person-generally he had only to hold out his own hand.... Let a man so much as scrape his finger pushing a truck in the pickle rooms, and he might have a sore that would put him out the the world;" For following the American dream, for what these workers believe in, shown on page 29, "a dream of wonder, with its tale of human energy, of things being done, of employment for thousands upon thousands of men. of opportunity and freedom, of life and love and joy." Not only for this, but workers have to also
continue the survival of themselves and their families. With this in mind, the devotion of enduring severe pain or death than to renounce his or her employment for the sake of the cause of survival and the belief of achieving a better life with hard work, I had thought it appopriate to bestow the connection between a martyr and a working man. - In Chapter 18, Jurgis is finally released from Bridewell prison to come back to Packington to find his home repossessed by another family, with his gone missing. According to Grandmother Majauszkiene, the family's neighbor, the remaining family members had been unable to pay their rent, and was turned out to the snow.
This is very significant to the passage because the struggle of owning a house, and the struggle of paying off rent was the greatest burden the family had. “It was their only hope of repite, as long as they lived; they had put all their money into it....the thing which they lived and for kack of which they died.” This would eventually lead to the rest of the family staying with Aniele Jukniene, the woman who first took the family in when they had migrated into America, and eventually, lead into a situation so desperate, all of the members, and Aniele herself, would starve.
-Ona had become very ill and sick. In Chapter 18, she was giving birth again in her dying state.
This is very significant because the childbirth would be the cause of Ona's death. Jurgis regarded Ona to be all he treasured in the world. Her death would bring Jurgis nightmares of her spirit, and would torment him until the end.
In sheer desperation, Aniele, her neighbors, and Marija somehow scrap together one dollar and twenty-five cents for Jurgis to go and fetch a doctor for Ona.

This is important because the family who had been barely able to keep themselves alive and others had to give the rest of the money they had left into finding a doctor for Ona, and eventually, put the family into greater dept, along with paying the rent for Aniele. Chapter 18 (In this Chapter, Jurgis returns from Bridewell, a Prison of which he was confined in for assulting
Philip Connor, the boss of his wife, Ona. Connor is responsible for threatening Ona into sleeping
with him, in which he promised he would make her and her family lose jobs, and never work again.) -In Chapter 25, Jurgis contemplates how he will change his one hundred dollar bill, and goes into a bar to change it. The bartender cheats him, and in rage, Jurgis knocks him over, and is taken into custody (beat up) by a policeman, whom is familiar with the bartender. Jurgis is taken to jail, where afterwards, he is taken to a quick trial. The court buys the bartender's story, over the story of a poor beggar man, and Jurgis is sentenced ten days, with costs, in prison. (It was later revealed to the audience that the owner of the bar pays five dollars a week to the policeman for privileges and favors, and the bartender was “one of the most trusted henchman of the Democratic leader of the district.” (pg.249)
-This segment of the novel reveals the corrupt nature of the justice system that decides Jurgis's penalty. The court took the word of a bartender, whose advantages with having the most influence over Jurgis, had him convicted. This incident would evenually lead Jurgis to taking the path of crime after reuniting with his friend, Jack Duane, in prison.
-Jurgis had “got a glimpse” of the criminal world of Chicago, and began to learn of how the oligarchy of higher class men worked, and how the many types and degrees of crimes were carried out by specialized pros. These professionals leagued with higher authorities, such as the police and politicians. As Jurgis continued to dive into the world of crime, money came freely, and he no longer starved.
This is significant because of this exposure to the criminal world, Jurgis learns what happened to him and his family in the past, and why. “Jurgis made his discovery of the meaning of “pull,” and just as why his boss, Connor, and also the pugilist bartender, had been able to send him to jail.” (pg.255) This again reveals the corrupt nature of the “system” conducted underneath the noses of every working man. “the products of the labor of brain and muscle, are gathered unto one stupendous stream and poured into their laps.” (pg.305-306)
- Jurgis is offered to work in the stockyards again by a corrupt, democratic politician known as Mike Scully. Scully had formed a pact with the Republicans, and had wanted one to be in office. Jurgis's instructions were to be involved in unions, and of the working class men at night, and root for a Republican known as “Scotty” Doyle. When election came, Jurgis brought in newcomers to vote for Doyle. Scully also suggests over a period of time, Jurgis runs for office.
This is very significant to the passage because it holds some of the arguments the author has in store against the process of electing, and Jurgis has not only obtained a job easier and quicker because he follows against the traditional American values, and has more connections, but he's also in for more promotion as he advances faster than an honest, hard-working man. He is on the process of which he once failed at; achieving the life he wants, while following against ethical values; against his own morals he once subjected to in the past. Chapter 25 http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://sphtc.org/timeline/meatinspection.jpg&imgrefurl=http://sphtc.org/timelinetest3.htm&usg=__sWlYLS64r5EqAAel5IQKs76hPTc=&h=326&w=472&sz=76&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=6aMvFnKMoy0WFM:&tbnh=126&tbnw=156&ei=THzaTar2HMOBtge4xoHpDg&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bjungle%2Bby%2Bupton%2Bsinclair%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1360%26bih%3D584%26gbv%3D2%26tbm%3Disch&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=510&vpy=258&dur=2698&hovh=186&hovw=270&tx=114&ty=140&sqi=2&page=1&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:13,s:0
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.apha.org/NR/rdonlyres/65BA26BD-AEAB-4926-BBEE-721037E9CB81/4587/TheJungle.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.apha.org/membergroups/newsletters/sectionnewsletters/occupat/winter08/&usg=__ObbIkb3Px6omghcCWetRsYalYr4=&h=240&w=240&sz=12&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=bEc62sMv4v52TM:&tbnh=125&tbnw=124&ei=THzaTar2HMOBtge4xoHpDg&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bjungle%2Bby%2Bupton%2Bsinclair%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1360%26bih%3D584%26gbv%3D2%26tbm%3Disch&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=854&vpy=118&dur=241&hovh=192&hovw=192&tx=75&ty=122&sqi=2&page=1&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0 Sources http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://sphtc.org/timeline/meatinspection.jpg&imgrefurl=http://sphtc.org/timelinetest3.htm&usg=__sWlYLS64r5EqAAel5IQKs76hPTc=&h=326&w=472&sz=76&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=6aMvFnKMoy0WFM:&tbnh=126&tbnw=156&ei=THzaTar2HMOBtge4xoHpDg&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bjungle%2Bby%2Bupton%2Bsinclair%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1360%26bih%3D584%26gbv%3D2%26tbm%3Disch&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=510&vpy=258&dur=2698&hovh=186&hovw=270&tx=114&ty=140&sqi=2&page=1&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:13,s:0
http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.apha.org/NR/rdonlyres/65BA26BD-AEAB-4926-BBEE-721037E9CB81/4587/TheJungle.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.apha.org/membergroups/newsletters/sectionnewsletters/occupat/winter08/&usg=__ObbIkb3Px6omghcCWetRsYalYr4=&h=240&w=240&sz=12&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=bEc62sMv4v52TM:&tbnh=125&tbnw=124&ei=THzaTar2HMOBtge4xoHpDg&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dthe%2Bjungle%2Bby%2Bupton%2Bsinclair%26hl%3Den%26biw%3D1360%26bih%3D584%26gbv%3D2%26tbm%3Disch&itbs=1&iact=hc&vpx=854&vpy=118&dur=241&hovh=192&hovw=192&tx=75&ty=122&sqi=2&page=1&ndsp=30&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0 SOURCES ( Jurgis is on his own, having abandoned his family after his only son, Antanas, had drown in a puddle in the poorly-maintainized street. Now returning to Chicago after spending the summer in the country, he finds he is broke, and beggs to earn his meal. One night, a drunken, rich man known as Freddie, gives Jurgis a one hundred dollar bill.) -Jurgis had learned from his comrades that during the first years of when he had migrated into America, and when he was submitted to the work of the stockyards, “a hog was just what he had been-one of the packer's hogs. What they wanted from a hog was all the profits that could be got out of him;”(pg.316)
This is significant because Jurgis realizes what he and other workingmen meant to those on a higher rung-livestock. Their product: the profits and work they provided. “It was literally the fact that in methods of the packers [“higher-ups”, so to speak,] a hundred human lives did not balance a penny of profit.” (pg.316)
-Jurgis now tries to persuade other workingmen and teach them Socialism. He is failing, due to the masses delusions. Jurgis believed they were so stunted by capitalism, they no longer knew of what freedom was.
This is important to the passage because it represents the sheer subornation of the people when upon introduction of a new economic system. The vice of Capitalism is so great, that it not only restricts the mental, physical, and spiritual being of a person, but it also traps the free decisions each person is entitled to. “They could not see that “economical” management by masters meant simply that they, the people, were worked harder and ground closer and paid less!” (pg.324)
--Jurgis has finally found his “comrades and brothers”; people who could possibly understand Jurgis and his troubles after the speech was made. He discovers, however, that they practiced Socialism, and he decides he wants to join them for their cause. From this, he learns the fundamental properties of Socialism, and Capitalism.
This is important because Jurgis finally seized a place of union ship, and could finally fight about a cause he is concerned about. And finally, his questions are answered. “For four years now, Jurgis had been wondering and blundering in the depths of a wilderness; and there, suddenly, a hand reached down and seized him, and lifted him out of it, and set him upon a mountaintop, from which he could survey it all-.” (pg.315) Chapters 29-30 (After hearing a Socialist speech, demoting capitalism, Jurgis is touched.
Before, he was yet again a bum, and joblesss because of a second encounter
with Connor, Ona's boss, whom Jurgis assulted on spot. Scully severed all connections he had to Jurgis, and Jurgis was left as a penniless begger.) FIN
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