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The Boreal Plains


alberto simon

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of The Boreal Plains

the boreal plains Location The boreal plains is located in the center of Alberta extending east through the center of Saskatchewan and slightly south of the center of Manitoba CLIMATE The Boreal plains endures an annual temperature of around freezing. Summers are short and warm and winters cold. The rocky mountains block out most of the moisture resulting in 300mm in the west and 625mm in the east. SOILS VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE Some of the vegetation are poplar forest, pine forest and mixed prairie grasses. Some wildlife are the great horned owl, the bison whitetail deer, the horse and elk. the boreal plains are part of the wet climat soil region. In fact the soil is so wet it is suitable for growin crops. SOILS VEGETATION AND WILDLIFE CLIMATE Some of the plants found in the plains are the poplar forest the pine forest and mixed plain grasses. Some of the animals found are the great horned owl the bison the whitetail deer the horse and elk. The soil fund there is Soils are typically moderately weathered and belong to the group of soils called Brunisols and Luvisols. Soils are deep and fairly productive for tree growth. The main plants in upland areas are white and black spruce and jack pine. In the wetter lowlands, tamarack is more common. There is also a wide distribution of broad-leaf species such as white birch, trembling aspen and balsam poplar. Almost one half of the ecozone is covered by productive forest land. Along the southern edge, there is a transition zone (were systems blend) between the forest and the prairie, sometimes called the Aspen Parkland. Throughout the landscape, there are wetlands in which various, willow shrubs, tamarack trees and other species thrive. Mammals in the Boreal Plains include moose, woodland caribou, mule deer, white-tailed deer (in the south), wapiti, black bear, marten, beaver, timber wolf, lynx, coyote and chipmunks. Bison are mainly confined to park reserves. Birds the great horned owls, gray jay, various ducks, white-tailed sparrow, and brown-headed cowbird. Black spruce Tamarack Trembling Aspin Balsam Poplar Willow shrubs Mule deer Wapiti Marten Great Horned owl White tail sparrow brown headed cowbird LANDFORMS The surface has gently rolling mounds. Most of these plains show clear evidence of the last glaciation. The area is mainly covered by a mixture of glacial deposits including the striated areas of moraine (rock and soil), old lake bed materials. Throughout the landscape, the depressions are occupied by small lakes and wetlands that form part of the watersheds of the Peace and Athabasca rivers. wetlands GEOGRAPHICAL FACTS Area: 668, 664 square km
Population: 771, 205
Human Activity: Farming, tourism, mining, oil and gas development.
Major Urban Areas: Hinton, La Ronge, The Pas, Flin Flon, Peace River, Fort Smith
The Boreal Plains ecozone covers 7% of Canada
The majority of the population lives in urban areas or is scattered in small communities
The central plains – including Boreal Plains – hold over 70% of Canada’s oil reserves
Central Canada makes a big contribution to the world grain supply, including 5% wheat, 10% barley and 14% oats
Wildlife includes caribou, deer, bison, chipmunks, owls, and trout Fort Smith TRAVEL INFORMATION Location: Elk Island National Park is located 35 km east of Edmonton, Alberta, on Yellowhead Highway 16 east.
Description: Elk Island is one of four national parks that represent the Southern Boreal Plains. It protects a portion of the transitional grassland ecosystem.
Activities: Camping, hiking, wildlife viewing, boating, cross-country skiing, golfing, environmental education programs. Day 1 spend a day at Elk island national park Day 2 tourist attractions Go see Fort William Fort Smith Day 3 Events Banff Summer Arts Festival
Alberta's biggest showcase of the arts (with dance, theatre, film, music and art) takes place over four months annually. ECOZONE ANALYSIS QUESTIONS 1.Define the term ecozone
An ecozone is a place based on characteristics of natural origin (climate, terrain, vegetation) or human (human activity) 2. Is your ecozone low, medium, or high in terms of population density. The boreal plains is low in terms of population density. 3. why are there so few or so many individuals living in this area. There are so few people in the boreal plains because the rocky mountains block wind in the pacific resulting in long cold winters and short warm summers. Do humans activities have any relationship to the major issues being faced in this ecozone. Explain.
Yes human activities do have a relationship to some major issues in this ecozone. Like de-forestation,and
hunting and trapping activities. Define the term GDP. Is the ecozone your studying higher or lower than the Boreal forest. Why might this be. GDP stands for gross domestic product: the measure of an economy, the total market values of goods and services produced by workers and capital within a nation's borders during a given period (usually 1 year). The boreal plains has a lower GDP than the boreal shield because the boreal shield is larger more trees and more wildlife.$13.7 billion for the boreal plains and $49 billion for the boreal shield. The climate of the Boreal Plains is a continental, mostly humid one. The Rocky Mountains block wind from the Pacific Ocean, which causes the winters to be long and cold (-20°degrees C), and the summers to be short and warm (17°C). On average, the region receives 450 mm of precipitation annually. Would you prefer to live in this ecozone. Why or why not. I would like to stay were I am because where we live (the mixedwood plains)we are neer the great lakes and it is the largest Mixedwood zone in-between Lake Erie and Lake Ontario. plus I HATE the cold. lynx bison hello hello hello Peace River SOURCES http://canadianbiodiversity.mcgill.ca
http://geography.ridley.on.ca THATS ALL This ecozone is nestled in the middle of Canada, extending from Peace River country in B.C. to southeast Manitoba. Its landform, climate, and wildlife are similar to that of the Prairie ecozone below it. However, this ecozone focuses less on the agriculture industry and more on forestry.
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