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Satire presentation for Senior British Literature

Lisa Stevens

on 16 February 2011

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Transcript of Satire

Satire Definition Any piece of writing designed to make its readers feel critical- of themselves, of fellow human beings, of their society. Author's purpose tend to voice their opinion on a subject through wit, humor ridicule and sarcasm Two types of satires... Horatian and Juvenalian Horatian Named after ancient Roman satirist Horace Criticizes social problems with humor and wit Sympathetic, light-hearted tone Examples include Gulliver's Travels, The Rape of the Lock and The Simpsons Juvenalian Named after Roman satirist Juvenal More contemptuous and abrasive Addresses social evil through scorn, outrage Examples include George orwell's animal farm and 1984, lord of the flies and a modest proposal Components of Satire: Exaggeration Parody reversal irony Exaggeration To represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen Like a caricature Parody Imitating techniques/styles of a person, place or thing in order to ridicule or make fun of the original Reader must be familiar with the orignal object being ridiculed in order to understand the parody Saturday Night Live Parodies Reversal To present the opposite of the normal order of events or hierarchial order of people or things
Like having breakfast for dinner, or when a child bosses around their parents Irony A sharp contrast between reality and expectations, something said or done when the writer means something completely different Three types of irony What is said and what is actually meant, when a speaker says one thing but means something completely different 1) Verbal Irony -Are you mad at me? No, I'm fine.- 2) Situational irony A contrast between what’s expected to happen and what actually happens When one is in a contradictory situation, like this dog 3) Dramatic Irony In dramas, what a character knows and what the audience knows about the characters or scene
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