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How can we best rehabilitate prisoners so that they can be p

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Kristin Critchfield

on 25 November 2014

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Transcript of How can we best rehabilitate prisoners so that they can be p

Support Systems
"Life in the maximum security prison is depriving or frustrating in the extreme."
-Gresham Sykes

People that transition back into an informed and supportive family are less likely to re-offend and return to prison.
Inmates who join clubs, support groups, etc. are helped a great deal with transitioning back into normal society.
"The only rational purpose for a prison is to restrain those who are violent, while we help them to change their behavior and return to the community..."
-James Gilligan
There are a variety of ways that released prisoners can become healthy, functioning members of society, even if they weren't before they entered the prison system.
Solution:
Rehabilitation, Not Punishment
"Prolonged adaptation to the deprivation and frustrations of life inside prisons-- what are commonly referred to as the "pains of imprisonment"-- carries a certain psychological cost."
- Craig Haney
Cause
Today, the United States incarcerates more people than any other country in the world and throughout history.
Problem
Prison was not always used in the same way it is today
History
Recidivism rates 2011-2013
Prison has not been proven as a type of rehabilitation for behavior
Getting a college degree while in prison is the only program that has been 100% effective in preventing people from going back to prison.
Educational Systems
How can we best rehabilitate prisoners so that they can be productive members of society?
In the 16th and 17th Centuries, prisons were used as a holding place.
By the mid-18th century, prisons became a place for petty offenders to be held.
19th Century: prisons became the penalty for any and all crimes, except for murder.
20th Century: the prison system continued to develop into the 21st century.
"
Recidivism
" refers to a person's relapse into criminal behavior
The likelihood of homelessness of prisoners after release has increased.
Prison systems today are rapidly expanding, however, this has somehow led to an increase of overcrowding.
Adapting to life in prison is stressful, unpleasant, and difficult for many prisoners.
Prisons are a dangerous place, and there are no exits or escape routes.
"Prison is a barely controlled jungle where the aggressive and the strong will exploit the weak, and the weak are dreadfully aware of it."
Full transcript