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Argumentative Essay Writing

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by

Dana Hoover

on 29 April 2014

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Transcript of Argumentative Essay Writing

Persuasive
and
Argumentative
Writing are definitely linked!
You must know how to write persuasively before you can write an argumentative essay.
Argumentative Essay Writing
“You Mean I Have to… Argue?”:
"Toto, We're Not in Kansas Anymore"
What is Argumentative Essay Writing ?
An Argumentative Essay:
DOES NOT
tell someone that they are wrong
DOES NOT
fail to recognize opposing viewpoints
DOES NOT
refuse to take different audiences into consideration
DOES acknowledge various stances and readers
DOES provide credible evidence to support all claims
DOES take an assertive (not passive or aggressive) tone
What is Persuasive Essay Writing?
A Persuasive Essay:
DOES aim to get readers to agree with the writer
DOES attempt to convince audience the writer is "right"
DOES choose sides of the conflict
DOES NOT
allow for other viewpoints
DOES NOT
rely on solely on facts but on opinion and emotion
DOES NOT
take a passive tone (wishy washy) but an aggressive tone (resolute)
Stepping Outside The Classroom and (GASP!) Into The Real World
Let's pretend for a moment that our classroom is KANSAS.
The tools and strategies we learn here in Kansas should help us when we are in the real world! This particular writing strategy is a necessary skill to survive in the real world. If you don't want a house to fall on you... If you don't want to melt when hit with a bucket of ice-cold water...If you don't want to be overtaken by flying monkeys...If you're trying to find your way back home...If you are unearthing the man behind the curtain, you will need this!
What happens when someone doesn't understand the connection between writing and the real world?
Your Governor's Essays were of the Persuasive Writing Writing. You've also had experience with persuasive public speaking. Why is this skill of persuasion important for us in the real world?
Persuasive Writing launches us into Argumentative Writing
So when you hear the word ARGUMENTATIVE, what comes to mind?
So what do you think ARGUMENTATIVE writing looks like?
Let's
compare
and
contrast
PERSUASIVE and ARGUMENTATIVE writing.
Persuasive
versus
Argumentative
You already know why it's important to be able to write a persuasive essay.

Now you'll find out why writing argumentative essays are important as well.
WRITING AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY
First Step : Choosing A Topic
Choosing a topic is very important! You must choose a topic that is DO-ABLE and interesting to you. Your topic is the MOST important decision you will make. So how do you go about doing so? Let's recap.
Let's put this into practice.
1. Make a list of the possible topics.
2. Free write about each topic, staring with
'I am concerned about (topic) because...'
In your free write, don't worry about anything other than getting your ideas down on paper.
3. Reread your free writes and determine which topic you feel the strongest about. Which were you able to write the most about? Which did you feel the most strongly about? Which can you get the most information about?

Identify your topic:
You'll need to go back to your Free Write to do this!
CONSIDER:
Which topic were you able to write the most about?
Which topic, do you think, will you be able to find the most information on?


WRITING A THESIS STATEMENT:
What are you claiming? This means what is your position on the issue you chose?
First, determine what
your claim
is. (your position)

Topic:
Cell phone usage in school
Position / Claim:
Students should be permitted to carry cell phones in school
See if you can identify the topic and claim in the next frame.

To craft your thesis statement...
Go back to your
FREE WRITE
and look at what you wrote. You are going to need to come up with
3 REASONS
that support your position.
List your reasons:
Reason 1:
Reason 2:
Reason 3:




Crafting a thesis statement...
Now that you have your reasons, you are ready to take the next step in crafting your thesis statement.
Supporting Details:
TABLE WITH WEAK LEGS:
What would happen to a table if it had weak legs?
EXAMPLE:
A lot of New Jersey citizens are angry that they have to pay to use the state beaches. In many states only the people who do not live in that state have to pay. I believe that people in New Jersey should have to pay to get onto New Jersey beaches.

So what is my topic? What is my position / claim?


In a moment you will be asked to choose from one of the below topics.

-School lunches should be improved.
-Public schools should require students to wear uniforms.
-Teachers / Schools should limit the amount of homework students are given.
-The legal driving age for each state should be changed to twenty-one.
-Students should be permitted to carry cell phones on them in school.


Once you have your topic and you know your position....
You'll need to craft your thesis statement. Your
thesis statement
is the sentence that lets your reader know
what your topic is
and your
position on that topic
. (how you feel about it)
Your position (how you feel about a topic) is your table.
You'll need something to support that table! The "legs" to support your table will be your supporting evidence. Without this supporting evidence, your position (what you're trying to argue) will collapse.
Organizing Your Information:
Boxes and Bullets Graphic Organizer
Take a moment and write your thesis statement.
Make sure it communicates what your topic is, what your position is on that topic, and 3 reasons that support your topic.
Reread what you've written.
-Is your topic clear?
-Is your position clear?
-What are your 3 reasons?
PARTNER EXCHANGE
Take out a piece of paper. Write the following:
TOPIC-
POSITION-
REASON 1-
REASON 2-
REASON 3-
(You're going to read a peer's
thesis statement and fill in
the information on your paper.)
Switch, Fill In, Discuss, Revise

Do you like what you've written?

Take out a piece of paper and copy the graphic organizer, as you see it, onto the paper. This should go in the writing section of your binder.
Fill in the
Bullets
and Boxes
graphic organizer...all but
the refute section.
What does it mean to REFUTE?

Look back at your
BULLETS and BOXES
. Take a look at each reason. What would the opposition say about your evidence? They wouldn't agree. It's important for you to figure out how they'd try to argue each point with you. Because you'll need to refute that in each paragraph!
CRAFTING THE PARAGRAPH
1. Each reason will have its own paragraph. This is what it will look like.

TOPIC SENTENCE- Tells the reader one of your reasons connected to your position.
SUPPORTING DETAILS- provides lots of evidence talking about this reason.
REFUTING CLAIM- States and REFUTES what the opposition would say about this reason and points.
TOPIC SENTENCE
REVIEW
Let's take a look at a sample
paragraph written by student, Conor Hader. This was Conor's first paragraph in the body of his argumentative essay which focused on why he believed people should pay a fee to get onto a New Jersey beach.
Evaluating Conor's Work
-Look at the topic sentence. Is it clear? Without reading on, do you know what Conor's reason is as to why people should pay to get onto NJ beaches?
-Now let's look at his SUPPORTING DETAILS, the 'legs of his table'. Would Conor's "table" stand? Did he provide adequate details supporting his TABLE / POSITION?
-What did Conor think the opposition would argue about his point?
-How did Conor refute this?
-Don't refer to yourself.
-Don't be wishy washy. Be resolute.
-Have good word choice.
-Vary your sentence structure.
-Use transitional words to help your writing flow nicely from sentence to sentence. (Use resource page)
A few reminders about crafting a well-written paragraph...
Crafting the Body of your Essay
You have your BULLETS and BOXES. You have Conor's sample paragraph. You are now going to write the three paragraphs for your essay. As you finish each paragraph, read it and ask yourself the same questions you were asked when evaluating Conor's work. The questions will appear on the next frame.
EVALUATING YOUR WORK
-Look at the topic sentence. Is it clear? Without reading on, would someone know what your reason was? Check this out by having a peer read it!
-Now let's look at your SUPPORTING DETAILS, the 'legs of your table'. Would your "table" stand? Did you provide adequate details supporting your TABLE / POSITION?
-What did you think the opposition would argue about your point?
-How did you refute this?
YOUR CONCLUSION
CONCLUSION
Summarize the argument by restating the thesis and supporting reasons.

Identify a possible solution

Make a final plea by presenting a consequence of inaction

Write your conclusion!
PEER EVALUATION:
1. Can you tell what the topic was?
2. Can you tell what the writer's position was on the topic?
3. Can you identify the 3 reasons the writer felt the way he/she did?
4. Did the writer provide a possible solution to the issue?
5. Did the writer call the reader to action? (warn the reader of the consequences of inaction as it applies to the claim?)
CALL TO ACTION
(in concluding paragraph)
This marks the end of this Prezi on ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAYS.
WRITING GUILDS:
This is going to be a very technical writing experience that will require a lot of work. This lesson will have you doing a lot of work to really understand the process of what goes into writing an argumentative essay. The goal is that you will work with your partner to complete and learn the process. Once this is done, you will be required to do this on your own. So being a spectator and letting someone else do the work will hurt you.
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