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Conditionals

first conditional, second conditional, third conditional, wish, if, possibility, past, present, future, real, unreal
by

Marcello Araújo

on 13 July 2016

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Transcript of Conditionals

Future Real Condition
Second Conditional
The Future Unreal Conditional is used to talk about imaginary situations

It is only used when a speaker needs to emphasize that something is impossible/unlikely
If they saw the film in the Imax room,
Examples
If I had a date with Megan Fox,
Structure
If + past simple + subject +

would

+ base verb
If +
was
were
+ verb..ING
+ would be
+ verb..ING
First Conditional x Second Conditional
2. If I had a day off from school , I would go to the beach.
1. If I have a day off from school, I will go to the beach
Real Future ( )
Unreal Future ( )
1
2
Future Unreal Condition
Third Conditional
The Past Unreal Conditional
It is used to talk about imaginary situations in
the past
You can describe what you would have done differently
Or how something could have happened differently
Unreal Past Condition
Exercises
1. I am going to go to California next week on business. If I have enough time, I ___________ (visit) my friends in Los Angeles
4. I ________________ (not kiss) you even if you ___________ (give) me one million dollars.
Example:
I want to buy a car
I don't have money
IF I HAD MONEY
I WOULD BUY A CAR
2. She ______________ (marry) Zack if he ____________ (not be) so short
3. She ___________ (be) happier if she ___________ (have) more friends
5. They _____________(work) in Spain if they _________(speak) Spanish
6. If we ____ (go) on holiday this summer, we __________ (travel) to Spain
will visit
would marry
wasn't
would be
had
wouldn't kiss
gave
would work
spoke
Wish
Wish
Structure
I
f had+ past participle, would have + past participle
If Luke had bought a Playstation 4, he would have played cool games.
If I had trained more, I would have won the competition.
In other words...
the 3rd conditional explains a situation in the past that isn't true
If I had saved my money, I would have bought a Peugeot GTI 208.
IT NEVER HAPPENED
If I had a Peugeot 208 GTI , I would have driven with my special friends
After I graduated from university, I applied for a marketing position with a prominent bank with branches all over the world. I didn't get the job because they wanted someone who spoke Spanish fluently. I didn't take Spanish in high school. I took an acting class instead. If I ______________ (take) Spanish, I ______________ (would, get) the job. Just imagine, if I had got the job, I _______________ (would, move) to Spain. My entire life _______________ (would, go) in a totally different direction. If I _____________ (accept) the job and moved to Spain, I would have met a Spanish woman and ______________ (would, get) married. If that ______________ (happen), I probably _______________ (would, stay) in Spain. We ______________ (would , have) children. Unfortunately, I didn't get the job and I didn't go to Spain. I got a boring job and I live alone. If I had just taken Spanish, my life _______________ (be) much more interesting.
Peter's lost opportunity
had taken
would have got
would have moved
would have gone
had accepted
would have got
would have stayed
had happened
would have been
Exercises
If Peter had studied spanish
He would have met a beautiful spanish woman
and seen beautiful places
You have two situations
Wish
In the
Present
Wish
In the
Past
Wish
Wish - to want; desire; long for; to dream of
Regret about the Present
Structure:
Wish + Verb in simple Past
Victor lives in Sobral,
He wishes he lived near the beach
Regret about the Past
Structure:
Wish + Had + Verb in Past Participle
I wish
I had
He wishes
he had
gone to
Bora Bora
Bora Bora - French Polynesia
would have had
Imagine that you are in these situations. For each one, use "I wish".
1. You ate too much and now you feel sick.
You say: ________________________________________
3. You went to a fantastic party, but forgot your camera.
You say: ________________________________________
2. You have a surprise test now.
You say: ________________________________________
4. You can't say the word "unfortunately" correctly.
You say: ________________________________________
I wish I hadn't eaten so much.
I wish I killed my teacher last week.
I wish I had brought my camera with me.
I wish I spoke good English.
We use
I wish ... would
when we would like something
to happen or change
.
Wish + would
I wish Peter would stop asking me out for a date. I don't like him.
I wish I would get that new job.
I wish it would stop raining. I want to go to the beach
She wishes her friend would come to her party.
Exercises: Are these sentences right or wrong?
1. I wish Sarah would be here now
2. I wish you would listen to me
3. I wish I would have more free time
4. I wish our flat would be a bit bigger
5. I wish you wouldn't be so pessimistic
6. I wish you wouldn't drive so fast all the time
I wish Sarah was here
-- don't use "wish + would" + be
when you want to complain
correct
I wish I had more free time
I wish our flat was bigger
correct
I wish you weren't so pessimistic
7. I wish I would have a car
I wish I had a car

-- don't use "wish + would have"

-- don't use "wish + would have"
-- don't use "wish + would" + be
-- don't use "wish + would" + be
when you have an expectation
they would be impressed

I would be very happy
eaten
the cake
She wishes
she hadn't
lent
her tablet
OBS:
Jason wishes he had gone with Dave
He should have gone with Dave
The two sentences have the same meaning!
Implied meaning
He went with David
He didn't go with David
Dave wishes he hadn't worn jeans.
He shouldn't have worn jeans.
Implied meaning
He wore jeans
He didn't wear jeans
General Truth
Zero Conditional
We use Zero Conditional when we talk about facts that are true
True to the person:
The students love the class if the teacher makes it dynamic.
Victoria hates waiting when she wants to go shopping.
Victor likes to read, unless it is a very bad book.
We use Zero Conditional when we talk about facts that are true
True in nature:
When the sun goes down we can see the stars
Vitória goes to school on Saturdays,
She wishes didn't study
on Saturdays
Water turns to ice if you put it in refrigerator.
If you don't sleep well, you get tired
I wish my teacher gave me a 10 in my History test.
bora?
I was
late for
the party
and didn't eat the cake
situation:
situation:
Gary
broke
Lara's
tablet
Andy
was studying
a lot
situation:
Bora Bora - French Polynesia
bora?
or
IT HAPPENED IN A DIFFERENT WAY
If she had invited you, you would have gone to the party.
Situation: Taylor is having a party next week. It will be really good. However, she didn't invite you.
(Real situation: you never went to her party)
(real situation: he didn't buy it)
(real situation: I didn't train)
I wish my teacher gave me a lot of chocolate!
go
will travel
(real situation: they didn't see the film)
(real situation: dating Megan Fox it's impossible for me)
The Second Conditional is used to talk about
imaginary situations

First Conditional
Angélica Arias
USES
Example
It is morning. You are at home.
Structure
If + simple present + will + verb
The 'if' clause can be used
with different present forms:
If Nadine goes to New York Again, She'll buy me the new iPhone
If he's feeling better, he'll come
If she hasn't heard the bad news yet, I'll tell her
(present continuous)
(present simple)
(present perfect)
1) If I ______ (go) out tonight, I ________ (go) to the cinema

2) If you ______ (get) back late, I ________ (be) angry
3) We ___________ (not/travel), if our boss _______ (give) us much work

4) If he _______ (come), I _______ (be) surprised
5) If the weather ______________ (not/improve), we ________ (not have) a picnic

6) They __________ (attend) to the party if they _______ (be) invited
Exercises
Marcello Araújo
Conditions
Homework:
3. There is a real possibility that this condition will happen.
2. We use the First Conditional to talk about future events that are likely to happen.
1. We are talking about the present and the future.
You plan to play tennis this afternoon.
But you don't feel so good.
What will you do?
Maybe you are getting sick
go
will go
get
will be
If I get the new job, I will buy a car.
If I don't get the job, I won't buy a car.
Use the first conditional to talk about
possible
future situations
won't travel
gives
comes
will be
doesn't improve
won't have
will attend
are
If I show my mother my report card,
I'll have to kill Simon!!!
What do you mean?
What are you talking abou?
Two girls are talking...
If my mother _________ my report card,
she _________ angry with me
dance (with)
get (angry)
go (to a party)
kill
kiss
let
see
dance (with)
get (angry)
go (to a party)
kill
kiss
let
see
If she ___________ angry,
she ___________ me go to Simon's party,
dance (with)
get (angry)
go (to a party)
kill
kiss
let
see
If I _____________ to the party,
Emily ___________ with Simon.
dance (with)
get (angry)
go (to a party)
kill
kiss
let
see
If Simon _____________ with Emily,
they ___________ .
dance (with)
get (angry)
go (to a party)
kill
kiss
let
see
If they ____________ ,
I ___________ him!
sees
will get
gets
won't let
don't go
will dance
dances
will kiss
kiss
will kill
You can write the First Conditional anyway you wish
[If condition -->
result
]
If you like her,

you will go to her birthday
[
Result
--> if condition]
You will go to her birthday,

if you like her
If you get sick, you will stay home and watch TV
If you get sick, you won't play tennis
If I get sick, you will go to a doctor
If I do my homework, I'll get good grades.
If I get good grades, I'll study at the University.
If I finish University, I'll get a good job.
If I get a good job, I'll do something stupid.
If I do something stupid, I'll lose my job!
That's why I didn't do my homework!
Wish
We use "wish" or "if only" to talk about:
A situation in the present that we would like to be different
Wish
Wish - to want; desire; long for; to dream of
We use "wish" or "if only" to say that we regret something
Imagine that you are in these situations. For each one, use "I wish".
1. Your neighbors are playing loud music. You are trying to study.
You say: ________________________________________
3. You are on the street. I starts raining. You don't have an umbrella.
You say: ________________________________________
2. You have a surprise test now.
You say: ________________________________________
4. You can't swim in the ocean because you have a phobia of sharks.
You say: ________________________________________
I wish they would turn down the volume
I wish I killed my neighbors last night
I wish I brought my umbrella with me
I wish I hadn't this phobia
We use
I wish ... would
when we would like something
to happen or change
.
Wish + would
I wish Peter would stop asking me out for a date. I don't like him.
I wish I would get that new job.
I wish it would stop raining. I want to go to the beach
S
he wishes her friend would come to her party.
E
xercises: Are these sentences right or wrong?
1. I wish Sarah would be here now
2. I wish you would listen to me
3. I wish I would have more free time
4. I wish our flat would be a bit bigger
5. I wish you wouldn't be so pessimistic
6. I wish you wouldn't drive so fast all the time
I wish Sarah was here
-- don't use "wish + would" + be
when you want to complain
correct
I wish I had more free time
I wish our flat was bigger
correct
I wish you weren't so pessimistic
7. I wish I would have a car
I wish I had a car

-- don't use "wish + would have"

-- don't use "wish + would have"
-- don't use "wish + would" + be
-- don't use "wish + would" + be
when you have an expectation
I wish my teacher gave me a 10 in my test.
I wish I knew what to do about the problem
She wishes her friend wasn't in the hospital
she doesn't know how to solve her problem now
real situation:
her friend is in the hospital now
real situation:
If only I knew
If only her friend
situation: she goes to school on Saturdays
She wishes she didn't go to school on Saturdays
situation: I go to work on foot, because I don't have a car
If only I had a car
I wish I weren't so lazy
situation: he enjoys watching soap operas. his mothers doesn't like this
She wishes he didn't like soap operas
Special cases:
I wish (somebody) would (do something)
I wish my husband would fix the shower
We wish the police would arrest the corrupt politicians
I wish I could (do something), but I can't
I wish I could dance well, but it's impossible for me
She wishes she could remember her friend's birthday date
I wish I could have (done something), but I couldn't
I hear the game was awesome. I wish I could have seen it
They were here for a few days. I wish I could have visited them
Special cases:
We use "I wish... would" for actions and changes, not situations:
I wish Sarah would come
}
(I want her to come)
- I wish Sarah were here now
- I wish Sarah would be here
I wish I would buy a bigger flat
}
(I want a bigger flat)
- I wish my flat were bigger
- I wish my flat would be bigger
If only he studied more
If she had invited you, you would have the time of your life.
Full transcript