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Botany

Senior Project
by

Peyton Baker

on 21 March 2013

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Transcript of Botany

Botany
Peyton Baker What is Botany? “The branch of science the object of which is the study of the plant, from as many different points of view as possible, is termed Botany. All its laws can be proved by observation and experiment, and it is consequently known as one of the concrete sciences” (Evans 1). Botany, in other words is the in depth study of plants, which can be a very generalized definition, but in fact it is a very broad plethora of sciences. To show the wide range of studies required to become a botanist and the wide range of different fields under Botany, a look at the requirements for this major is helpful, along with the areas of specialization in Botany. Integrated Principles of Biology 1
Integrated Principles of Biology 1 Laboratory
Integrated Principles of Biology 2
Integrated Principles of Biology 2 Laboratory
Introductory Botany
Microbiology
Principles of Entomology and Lab
General Chemistry 1
General Chemistry 1 Laboratory
General Chemistry 2
General Chemistry 2 Laboratory
Basic Organic Chemistry
Basic Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Precalculus: Algebra and Trigonometry
Applied Physics 1
Applied Physics 1 Laboratory
Genetics
Plant Diversity
Practical Plant Taxonomy
Taxonomy of Vascular Plants
Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants
Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants Laboratory
Plant Anatomy
General Ecology
Plant Ecology
Two biological or physical science electives outside of botany
Two botany electives
(catalog.ufl.edu) Requirements for a basic Botany degree: Anatomy
Biochemistry
Biophysics
Cytology
Ecology
Genetics
Molecular Biology
Morphology
Paleobotany
Physiology
Systematics
Systems Ecology
Taxonomy
Agronomy
Biotechnology
Breeding
Economic Botany
Food Science and Technology
Forestry
Horticulture
Plant Pathology
Natural Resource Management
Education
Exploration
History
Bryology
Lichenology
Mycology
Microbiology
Pteridology
Phycology
(www.botany.org) Areas of specialization in Botany include: Without the knowledge of plants in all domains, the world would not be as it
is today, history would be rewritten. Studying Botany improves and increases the supply of medicines, foods, biofuels, building supplies and fibers; it also helps manage landscapes, and helps solve pollution problems. Contemplate: if the very first idea of studying plants never occurred (this being to initially consume), humans would not have had the nutrients needed to survive, either causing the race to extinguish or evolve into something much different from what we now define as human beings. What does Botany do for us? The first record of plants can be found in Babylonian sources, the Old Testament, and Homer's works, in which all of them mostly regard plants in aspects of utility, medicine and religion. Many plants are discussed in mythology, where plant creation is explained. There were also plants held in very high religious regard, such as the Lotus, which was sacred to the Egyptains, Hindus, and other Middle Eastern countries. Papyrus was even used by the Egyptains for wreathes of kings and gods, also for archetypal columns of temples. The Babylonians describe utilization skills of plants, such as the improvement of seeds, how to prepare soil, and how to protect plants from damage. Poisons and medicinal plants are also described in Babylonian texts. In ancient Greece medicinal plants were collected by people called rhizotoms, who were associated with the arcane, operating on superstition. Tony Kohlhof states that shamans also used medicinal plants to heal members within their tribes, also using them to dream walk and communicate with spirits. Old Greek philosophers started to focus more on the similarities between animals -humans- and plants. For example, Empedocles from Agrient pondered on whether or not plants have souls, while Aristotle said that plants are between the inanimate and the animate. One person who influenced botanical research significantly was a man named Theophrastus, who wrote The Natural History of Plants and About the Reasons of Vegetable Growth. The Romans focused their botanic research on practical problems, such as utility, of which Pliny the Older reviewed, and pharmacology, of which Dioskoride studied. As most advancements and studies, Botany gained no great knowledge during the Middle Ages. It was not until Albert the Great that scientific Botany was rediscovered; he influenced scientific Western literature. During the Renaissance ideas of antiquity were popular once more. The 17th and 18th centuries began specialization. It was the search for a natural system to the mass variety of plant species that led to decisive contributions to Botany.
(www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de) Botany's History Botany and Recreation Gardening: Botanical Gardens Botanical gardens are very common, and have been common since the beginning of time. A prime example of this can be found while considering the Garden of Eden; Greece, Egypt, Assyria, China and Mesoamerica had botanical gardens as well.
(www.plu.edu) Botany contributed to habits. Example: Smoking Botany allowed plants like tobacco and cannabis to be discovered, which people certainly use, or used, for recreational purposes. Used since the dawn of time, Botany is a crucial science in the survival and development of the human race. People do not realize just how important Botany is. It is used for medicinal purposes, religious rites, beauty and nutrition. The meaning, importance, history and recreation of Botany are major topics while researching this science. Botany is so crucial to this world, yet so many inhabitants are unaware of its very definition. It has been used since the origin of man. Without it, the reality of mankind would not be as we know it today. The study of plants, Botany has contributed to many vital assets in this world, perhaps the two paramount contributions being modern medicine and cuisine. Works Cited Botanical Society of America. "What Is Botany?" Botanical Society of America. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.botany.org/bsa/careers/what_is_botany.php>. "The Botany of the Aztecs." Aztec Botanical Gardens. Pacific Lutheran University, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.plu.edu/~longec/aztec-botanical/home.html>. Cavers, F. Practical Botany,. London: W.B. Clive, University Tutorial Ld, 1911. Print. Evans, Ernest. Botany for Beginners. London: Macmillan, 1899. Print. Kohlhof, Tony C. "Botany." Personal interview. 10 Nov. 2012. "Office of the University Registrar." UF Undergrad Catalog. The University of Florida, n.d. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <https://catalog.ufl.edu/ugrad/current/liberalarts/majors/botany.aspx>. Sengbusch, Peter V. "Botany Online: History." Botany Online: History - First Scientific Descriptions. N.p., 31 July 2003. Web. 20 Nov. 2012. <http://www.biologie.uni-hamburg.de/b-online/e01/01a.htm>.
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