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Vygotsky: A Bridge Between the Ages of Critical Pedagogy

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Kristen Arnim

on 30 June 2013

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Transcript of Vygotsky: A Bridge Between the Ages of Critical Pedagogy

ZONE OF PROXIMAL DEVELOPMENT
Lev Vygotsky
ZPD is the area of exploration in which a student is prepared, but the student needs social interaction from a 'More Knowledgeable Other'--peer or teacher--to be able to fully understand the new concept or skill.
CULTURAL TOOLS
Tools of learning that are specific to a particular culture--language, writing--that help create and maintain social environments.
SCAFFOLDING
Process of working with a child while gradually withdrawing help as the child begins mastering a task at hand.
CULTURAL MEDIATION

by: Kristen Arnim
Plato, Socrates, Aristotle
Process in which a child observes and learns socially within his/her culture. The child then meshes that with what the child already knows internally.
Bridging Between the Ages of Critical Pedagogy
Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934)
was a Russian psychologist who studied cognitive development. He believed development is rooted in a sociocultural context. His work in this area has become the foundation of what is commonly known as Social Development Theory.

Vygotsky's Basic Ideas of Cognitive Development:

Children construct their knowledge.
Development can not be separated from its social context.
Learning precedes development.
Culture and language play a central role in cognitive development.
Critical Dialogue (Socratic Dialogue)
Inquiry
Dialectical Learning
Influence of Sociocultural Context
Dewey, Friere, McLaren
"Through others, we become ourselves" -Lev Vygotsky
"Without anyone teaching him he will
recover his knowledge for himself, if he is only asked questions."--Socrates in Plato's meno

"The beginning is the most important part of any work."--Plato (Wink, p. 97)

"In all the things of nature there is something of the marvelous."--Aristotle (Wink, p. 93)
Dewey: Accept the child where the child is. (Wink, p. 123)
Friere: Every time you ignore a person's question you dehumanize him. (Wink, P. 108)
McLaren: Knowledge, language, experience and power are central to society and classrooms. (Wink, 128)
"We want to create schools where questioning is not a sin."--Friere (Wink, p. 99)

"I believe that all education proceeds by the participation of the individual in the social consciousness of the race."--Dewey (1897)

"If you are courageous and patient enough in your reading of their (students) ideas, you will find the hidden "yes, we can" message they are sending us." (Wink on McLaren p. 128)
References:
http://dewey.pragmatism.org/creed.htm

Wink, Joan (2011). Critical Pedagogy: Notes from the Real World.

http://classics.mit.edu/Plato/meno.html
Full transcript