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Performance Enhancing Drugs

by Paul Lampanaro, Trevor Baum, Brandon Morningstar, and Josh Scarpino
by

Paul L.

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Performance Enhancing Drugs

In 2002, a study revealed that 22% of 8th graders, 33.2% of 10th graders, and 46.1% of 12th graders said they took steroids. The black market in steroids exceeds $4 million A survey in 1999 shows that 29% of the student population had used one or more steroids in the past year. The percentage of 12th graders that saw steroids as being dangerous went down from 68% to 62%. 1,084,000 American adults admitted to using steroids and other performance enhancing drugs at one point in their life. As many as 175,000 teenage girls admitted to using anabolic steroids in 1997. In 2001, 5% of high school students admitted they took drugs without a doctors prescription More than 500,000 8th-10th graders are using dangerous drugs, and as many high school seniors say they are not risky. In the last fifty years of the sport, professional bikers have used illegal stimulants to compete. Steroid use has risen steadily since 1991 among girls who use them to help lose weight and maintain looks. PED's should be allowed because they are part of the natural drive to win, and most of the risks are overstated. Additionally, the attempts to regulate these drugs are ineffective and damaging toward's the reputation of innocent athletes. Performance Enhancing Drugs by Paul Lampanaro, Brandon Morningstar, Josh Scarpino and Trevor Baum Lobby Groups The International Cycling Union The
Controversy The Big Question: Steroids Special Interest Group Should performance enhancing drugs be legal to use in sports and athletic competititon today? YES: NO: These drugs are harmful and promote
unfair competition. Their ban should be heavily regulated to protect the spirit of the sport and the role models of clean athletes everywhere. The UCI considers rider's health and they promote sporting ethics as a high priorty. The UCI has two objectives. (1) Doping detection. (2) Dissuading from resorting to doping. The Steroids Special Intrest Group is involved in the study, promote intrest, and inform the public about steroids and to develop and research and distribution of these drugs. The Public Agenda Opposing Groups: Major League Baseball For The Media: Books: Against Court Case: History: Current Events: The MLB has a steroid policy. Positive tests will result in increasing suspensions up to five times, at which point the commisioner will decide the penalty. Drug testing is mandatory once a year. Barry Bonds is a very prominent baseball player who has promoted the controversy because he has been found guilty of using steroids, after grabbing the media spotlight by breaking multiple home run records. The World Anti-Doping Agency The WADA works towards a vision of a world where all athletes compete in a doping free sporting enviroment. The Underlying Factors: There are many health risks involved in using steroids, ranging from increased male traits to serious physical damage and drug dependence/ Forbes "Game of Shadows", by Mark Fainaru-Wada and Lance Williams, is a best selling and well known book that reveals a great deal about the steroid scandals of the last decade. If PED's are made legal in professional sports, then suspicion would no longer need apply and the best players would be fairly rewarded. In the court case, Roger Clemens vs. The United States, many people were upset and surprised when Clemens, a famous MLB player, was acquitted of drug use despite major doping allegations. Around 776 B.C, ancient Greeks were allowed and encouraged to use drugs in the Olympics to gain an edge. Athletes are pushed to the limit in order to compete and steroids are often viewed by many as just another way to gain an edge, and the pressure to win and gain recognition is intense. Some believe that athletes are even encouraged by sponsors to dope, and deny support if the athlete is caught. Testing for steroids is commonplace, but not very reliable, and athletes and trainers are always finding new ways to avoid tests. There is always the possibility that innocent athletes could be accused, which would ruin their reputation. Technology, nutrition, and even surgery are currently being used to help athletes gain physical advantages, so in many athlete's eyes, there is little reason not use them. Younger teens, in a world where peer pressure is very great, see athletes as primary role models for ther success, and as a result, the use of steroids is increasing with teens. The harmful effects of steroids increase greatly with youth, however. Malcolm Godwell, a staff writer for the New York Magazine believes the use for PED’s should be allowed, but regulated because it is too difficult to ban them completely. Presidential nominee Rick Santorum succesfully pushed for the World Wrestling Federation to be free from federal anabolic steroid regulations. Very recently, the American biking superstar, Lance Armstrong, was stripped of all his Tour de France titles by the United States Anti-Doping Association, and almost all of his sponsors dropped him. Statistics: Proposed Solutions Make a Steroid Legal League This would make the sports leagues much more exciting and also allow spectators to choose which type of competition they prefer more. It would be very easy for athletes to overuse and abuse steroids, causing dangerous side effects. Make Steroids Legal
in All Leagues Good athletes wouldn't be suspended for doping and leagues would be able to safely regulate their use. Records set by previous athletes would probably be worthless and the health risks of steroids would still be present. A Stricter "One and Done" Policy This policy would make players think twice about trying to cheat the system, hopefull lowering their usage among players. Many players would get banned and this would create great controversy between athletes and leagues. Punish Entire Teams for Offending Players This would send a strong message to teams that they must police their own players or suffer the consequences. This might give teams and entire leagues bad reputations because of the widespread nature of the punishments. Research Foolproof Ways to Detect Steroids Preserving the existing legislations but finding ways to reliably detect steroids without false positives would even the playing field for clean athletes. This would cost a great deal of money and would take time, allowing the controversy to escalate and encourage players to find ways around the test. Opposing Viewpoints: President Barack Obama admitted to using PED’s to maintain health during the 2008 election. However he has now stated that he believes they are unnecessary. Republican Individual: Democratic Individual: A regular contributor to SI and author of Home run heroes Mercel Noden believes that drug use must be banned and a spirit of competition is more important than record breaking. Individual For: Inidvidual Against: Steven Ungerledor is a psychologist and regularly consults with the US Olympic committee. He believes that drug use in sports in encouraging excessive use of PED’s by teens, which is extremely unsafe. Individual For: Individual Against: Matt Barnard, writer for News Statement, says the moral crusade over these drugs is a myth because the general populace will support doping athletes. Public Policy: The Olympics The Olympic commitee strictly bans any use of performance enhancing drugs, cooperating with the WADA to ensure that doping athletes are stripped of any awards or titles and forbidden from ever competing in the games again. This policy is enforced every two years when the Olympic games are hosted. The NFL The NFL steroid policy, beginning in 1987, has been the strictest among the major sports leagues. Random, year-round testing and multiple game suspensions has affected hundreds of players. High School/College Any illegal drug use has been strictly banned in high school, and through federal and state laws, random steroid testing can be performed by schools. Colleges follow this code as well, as doping rumors can damage a school's reputation. Drug testing in the NCAA began in 1986, and positive tests can result in reduced eligibility. The MLB As a focal point for the steroid controversy, the MlB has enforced their steroid policy considerably. Beginning in 2005, a first offense will result in 50 day suspension, a second will bring a 100 day suspension, and a third can possibly result in a lifetime ban. The NBA Beginning in 1983, the NBA has enforced a three offense policy that will increase the games suspended per violation and require the player to enter the Anti-Drug Program. However, the NBA has had very few problems with doping scandals. OurDecision: Steroids = Steroids have inherent health risks that we believe are unavoidable, and by allowing these drugs to be used in sports, there would be too great of a pressure to set new records and win championships not to abuse them. Records and wins should be determined by an athlete's natural ability, hardwork, and talent, instead the amount of steroids he can inject. In addition, athletes are role models, and steroids are even worse for kids and teenagers, who would surely be inspired to use them. The money spent on drug testing would surely be less than the cost of medical care to treat the affects of steroids. Sorry Lance! Arnold Schwarzenegger's
Experience "Bigger, Stronger, Faster"
Documentary Movie Trailer What Do You
Think?
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