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Transcript of King Leonidas
By: Caleb Nunes, Mac Reed, Ian Mukundi
King Leonidas was born in 540 BC in Sparta, Greece. He died in the battle of Thermopylae in 480 BC
He reigned as king of Sparta for 9 years
He is most famous for leading the army of 300 Spartans and more men from other Greek cities. This was a rough total of 6,000 to 7,000 Greek soldiers to battle against the Persian army which is estimated to be made up of 50,000 to roughly 200,000 men.
Unlike most kings, Leonidas went through the agoges school this allowed him to be succeful in battle because of the brutal training.
Leonidas was the second son of his fathers first wife.
He belonged to the Agiad house, which was the royal line of many predeccorss and succesors of Leonidas
After Cleomenes died in 490 B.C (Leonidas' half brother), Leonidas was named king since Cleomenes did not have a son.
This battle was known as the battle of Thermopylae, Leonidas' goal was to hold off the Persian army at the "Hot Gates".
The Greek armies efforts came up short. After 2 days of battle the Persian army were able to maneuver around the Greek army.
Leonidas gave his life in battle aswell as the 300 Spartans, as well as Thespians and Thebans died to protect Greece. The Persians were later defeated by the Athenian Navy that same year in the Battle of Salamis.
Once Leonidus realized he had lost this battle he ordered most of the troops to fall back and save their own lives.
King Leonidus was able to hold the Persian Army off long enough for the people of Athens to flee Athens.
Once the persians did get through the Greks they went to find an empty city.
With out his keen planning of choosing a great meeting point to funnel the persian Armies the Persian Empire would have expanded.
King Leonidas' main leadeship qualities are:
These are very important to the Greeks especially for warfare, which was most important to King Leonidus at the time.
He was also a great strategist when it came to the battle of Thermopylae.
King Leonidas' plan was to funnel the persians through a small gap between mountains.
The Persians were not expecting this and had waited four days to attack beacuse of this.
King Leonidas had commanded his army to finght as a single unit, this was the only way to hold the Persians for as long as they did.