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Realism vs Liberalism
Transcript of Realism vs Liberalism
Disagreements among liberals
so if they see incentives to
they will do so
→ International cooperation is mostly "
" as each state
somehow obtain "
Classical vs Structural Realism
Classical Realist (Morgenthau)
Realism vs Liberalism
201102959 Gihyeon Jang (DIS)
"a kind of simplifying device that allows you to decide which facts matter and which do not"
"a specific set of lenses to look at the world"
the war of all against all
Humans are violent, conflictual
→ state consists of individuals so it's also self-interested, power-seeking to survive
2 Anarchy = lack of central gov't in int'l society (≠chaos)
= main actors in IR are
= ensuring its own survival and perpetuating their existence
is crucial to achieve national
so states will engage in power-maximising behaviour, particularly
= Each state has to defend by themselves and is responsible for its well-being and survival
How? by acting in the
States can ally with others when concerned with their interests.
Balance of Power
*War ≠ natural condition
*National interests safeguarded by more than military means
⇒ The international system is anarchical yet
can be developed by each state focusing on
On human nature
*Human beings perfectible
*Belief in progress
⇒ As human beings are essentially
States' cooperation is possible in global level as well
The Liberal Tradition
*States + IOs, NGOs, MNCs etc
domestication of the international
extending the ideas inside liberal states to the int'l realm
∴ a central world gov't
in domestic economy
More intervention in non-liberal states to change them into democracy/capitalism style
welfare states, helpful gov't
involvement in domestic economy
Less intervention in non-liberal states
let them choose their own system
Apart from universal value, local variation could exist
Structural Realist (Waltz)
itself is selfish, world politics results in anarchy"
of the international system"
balance of power
structure shapes state actions
impossible to measure
Neglecting non-state actors
collective global problems
ex) environment, human rights
in the name of necessity
Liberalism of privilege
⇒ strong democratic states
Current liberal order = unresponsive to the needs of weaker states
Always choose rational choice