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Apush 1- Constitution Convention
Transcript of Apush 1- Constitution Convention
Compromises May 25, 1787 The Constitutional Convention The Great Compromise The Three-Fifths Compromise was a compromise between Southern and Northern states reached during the Philadelphia Convention of 1787 in which three-fifths of the enumerated population of slaves would be counted for representation purposes
regarding both the distribution of taxes and the apportionment of the members of the United States House of Representatives. It was proposed by delegates James Wilson and Roger Sherman. The three fifths Compromise Delegates from 9 of the 13 states came to the convention. Rhode Island never actually came Monday, September 17, 1787 39 of 42 delegates still there finally signed the final document It was an agreement that the large and the small states reached during the convention. On May 29, 1787, Edmund Randolph of the Virginia delegation proposed the creation of a bicameral legislature. Membership in the lower house was to be allocated in proportion to state population, and candidates were to be nominated and elected by the people of each state. Membership in the upper house was to be allocated in the same way, but candidates were to be nominated by the state legislatures and elected by the members of the lower house. This proposal was known as the Virginia Plan. (from Wikipedia) The problem was referred to a committee consisting of one delegate from each State to reach a compromise. On July 5, the committee submitted its report, which became the basis for the “Great Compromise" of the Convention. The report recommended that in the upper house each State should have an equal vote and in the lower house, each State should have one representative for every 40,000 inhabitants, counting slaves as three-fifths of an inhabitant, and that money bills should originate in the lower house (not subject to amendment by the upper chamber). (From Wikipedia) http://video.about.com/usgovinfo/The-Great-Compromise.htm Video about the Great Compromise of 1787 Less populous states like Delaware were afraid that such an arrangement would result in their voices and interests being drowned out by the larger states. Many delegates also felt that the Convention did not have the authority to completely scrap the Articles of Confederation, as the Virginia Plan would have. In response, on June 15, 1787, William Paterson of the New Jersey delegation proposed a legislature consisting of a single house. Each state was to have equal representation in this body, regardless of population. The New Jersey Plan, as it was called, would have left the Articles of Confederation in place, but would have amended them to somewhat increase Congress's powers. Delegates opposed to slavery generally wished to count only the free inhabitants of each state.
Delegates supportive of slavery, on the other hand, generally wanted to count slaves in their actual numbers.
Since slaves could not vote, slaveholders would thus have the benefit of increased representation in the House and the Electoral College. The final compromise of counting "all other persons" as only three-fifths of their actual numbers reduced the power of the slave states relative to the original southern proposals, but increased it over the northern position. Southerners opposed tariffs fearing they would damage the Southern economy which was heavily dependent upon trade. The Commerce Compromise Northerners wanted tariffs to protect their industries from foreign competition. 1787 Some delegates believed the president should be elected directly by the people.
Others believed that the people could not be trusted with such a decision.
Opponents of direct election offered a number of alternatives including election by state legislatures. The Executive Branch Compromise Proposed on August 29, 1787 The national government was given the
right to regulate commerce or trade. State government > No taxing imports from other
states or foreign nations The National > government
No taxing exports The Compromise became the Electoral College.