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A2 Art- Discovering the environment through art and photography

This presentation discovers how art and photography has used the environment to convey a message/idea.

Tugay Gokmen

on 28 January 2013

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Transcript of A2 Art- Discovering the environment through art and photography

Environmental art is art which is generally referred to dealing with issues throughout the world we live in today, this may be to do with a specific country i.e. politics and the state of the economy. However environmental art can also be referred to being art which responds to the ecological issues and causes such as global warming, these ecological issues can also be something like natural disasters like volcanic eruptions, earthquakes like in Japan and other parts of the world. How do artists use
different techniques
to engage us? Artists who have transformed
the environment into art
through different mediums Edward Burtynsky "Nature transformed through industry is a predominant theme in my work. I set course to intersect with a contemporary view of the great ages of man; from stone, to minerals, oil, transportation, silicon, and so on. To make these ideas visible I search for subjects that are rich in detail and scale yet open in their meaning. Recycling yards, mine tailings, quarries and refineries are all places that are outside of our normal experience, yet we partake of their output on a daily basis."

"These images are meant as metaphors to the dilemma of our modern existence; they search for a dialogue between attraction and repulsion, seduction and fear. We are drawn by desire - a chance at good living, yet we are consciously or unconsciously aware that the world is suffering for our success. Our dependence on nature to provide the materials for our consumption and our concern for the health of our planet sets us into an uneasy contradiction. For me, these images function as reflecting pools of our times."- Edward Burtynsky, Biography on Edward Burtynsky's website Alvin Corburn is similar to what Edward Burtynsky however he does not concentrate on bizzare landscapes but with what is within the city itself and how much of a significance a certain object makes on our perspective. He more or so used to focus on the elevated viewpoints however more of his recent work is more of being abstract photography. Alvin Corburn So what attracts me to Edward Burtynsky's work? Well for starters I really like how some bizarre and abstract his photography can be, that’s an interesting thing in my opinion because I feel as the job of a photograph is to almost capture something and then almost tell you a story of some-sort. The way it’s photographed, the angle, the lighting can easily change the way we perceive and assume what’s going on.
I suppose you could say he almost shows us evolution in terms of industrial practices. For example in one of his photos the street is packed with Mc Donald’s’ signs, shell energy and all other overly powerful companies. You could almost say that it defines our psychological environment. So if we were to take these every day things that we see constantly then maybe there would be a sudden shift in our psychology. Henri Cartier “Cartier-Bresson almost exclusively used Leica 35 mm rangefinder cameras equipped with normal 50 mm lenses or occasionally a wide-angle for landscapes. He often wrapped black tape around the camera's chrome body to make it less conspicuous. With fast black and white films and sharp lenses, he was able to photograph almost by stealth to capture the events. No longer bound by a huge 4×5 press camera or an awkward medium format twin-lens reflex camera, miniature-format cameras gave Cartier-Bresson what he called "the velvet hand [and] the hawk's eye."-Wikipedia Henri Cartier relates to my topic because he almost captures these faces and body structures which connote what kind of environment they are living in or possible environmental issues such as politics.
He creates paintings in a very vivid and abstract style, it looks quite nice and I think the colours within the painting have some sort of meaning behind it. For example the dark and light blues are possibly used to express a level of depression and hopelessness. Overall I really like the different tones and textures. It’s very bright and pleasant to look at; it’s not too bright on the eyes. Alvin Coburn-time period-symbolism-what is this? “observation to transforming fact into a symbol of inner experience.” Influence,time/context These paintings have been painted in oil paints, the colours used in the paintings are quite ambient and bright, I feel that these relate to my chosen topic because the paintings are very abstract because of the way the objects are manipulated through technique of the strokes he uses. I also feel these paintings relate to the mental environment of the human brain. Moreover it appears the oil paintings seem quite similar to Henri Matisse’s’ paintings as the brush strokes seem to be fluid and relaxed. Henri matisse's work relates to my topic because he looks at different environments big or small. In my opinion I feel that he sometimes conveys the notion of an environment through using an item and the use of colours such as vases or tea pots to almost represent what the environment may be like. Howard Hodgkhin Composition of Maitisse
• Uses pure colours
• Negative space- used white of exposed canvas in order to create a light filled atmosphere.
• His paintings were Fauve
• Matisse focused on contrasting areas of pure/unmodulated colours
• These ideas have been of significant importance throughout his career
• Heavily influenced by art from other cultures e.g. incorporated of the decorative qualities of Islamic art - angularity of African sculpture – flatness of Japanese prints – then merged these styles with his own.
• He wanted balance, purity and devoid of troubling or depressing subject matter.
• Human figured central to his work = sculpture and paintings
• Fauvist work reflects his feeling because the subject(human) was neglected in impressionism(research this)
• Fragments figures, treated it almost as a curvilinear, decorative element.
• Some of his work reflects the mood and personality of his models however used the personality and mood of his models as “vehicles”(drive) for his own feelings, reducing models’ feelings and personality to ciphers in his monumental designs. Technique
Short, thickness of stroke aim to capture the essence of the subject rather its details, the colours within the painting are applied side by side whilst trying to maintain a little amount of mixing within the paintings. By mixing the complementary colours grays and dark tones are produced however they tried to not use the colour black Impressionist paintings usually avoid sharp edges; edges are softer and quite fluid. Natural light and reflection of colours from one object to another are emphasised. What is it? Time and context
The gap between some paintings are pretty broad as well as the different styles. For example the painting of Mr and Mrs Kasmin(1964-66) is quite abstract and more explicit(light blues,greens, yellows, whites, blacks, navy blues, oranges) whereas Hoghin’s latest painting in 2009 is more or so implicit because very relaxed and sombre colours are used( light/dry greens and very little yellow is used.) furthermore in comparison the way that the paintings have been painted are quite different as the painting from 1964 is quit blocky whereas the painting in 2009 has a lot of obvious brush strokes. Overall in his older paintings has more variety whereas the very recent paintings are quite minimalist and conceptual. Rudy
Burckhardt I really like Rudy Burckhard's work because he recaptures a massive environment such as New York and gives us a variety of angles to look from. This is particularly good because it give's an indication of the atmosphere within the location of the photographs. Time and context
By the time Rudy Bunchkhandt was taking photos,
the surrealist, dada-ist, chance performance art
movements had already been done and finished.
This means that Rudy Bunckhadnt was mainly using
photography when it was developed properly. Well from my point of view it appears that they have similar types of composition and the use of colour as they both use ambient colours which are quite striking.Furthermore they both use However I don’t think their works are completely similar as Matisse’s paintings are more detailed and more to
do with what’s in front of him where’s Howard’s work is more surreal and experimental. These paintings have been painted using oil paints, the colours used in the paintings are quite ambient and bright, I feel that these relate to my chosen topic because it’s very abstract and relate to the mental environment of the human brain. I also feel that the oil paintings are quite similar to Henri Matisse’s’ paintings. • The majority of impressionist paintings are usually focused on the middle or upper class spending leisure time in gardens or green spaces and such. However there were impressionist painters like Camille Pissarro who had an interest in rural places who lives were intimately connected to soil i.e. nature.
• Impressionist paintings mostly have human presence; even though a human may not be present there may be something that someone owns e.g. a boat, haystacks/human activity. Nature within impressionist paintings was a primarily a social experience. Subject of impressionism Gallery visit - Korean Art William Turner William Turner uses a distinctive style, in my opinion I like the work of William Turner as his work tends to be more fluid, relaxed and skilful as the water colours have a soft aesthetical appeal. William Turner tries to make his art pieces immersive i.e. he tries to you make you feel as you were actually at the scene. E.g. his painting of the small hut in a snowy scene he makes the painting quite blurry and soft as if you were walking towards the small hut.
William Turner also painted landscapes in areas of Oxford... I went to the saatchi gallery in the summer holidays and during this time the saatchi gallery was having an exhibition about korean art, I found most of the art to be quite interesting as the west has a different perspective on art and what it is. Korean art enables us to see how the east uses different techniques and concepts and sort of provides an insight in issues e.g. political issues between north korea and south korea. Why? I think he has a very strong link to the topic I am currently looking even though the paintings are wild ambitious and abstract. This is because of the immersion within the paintings themselves have and this effect is actually pretty significant even though he is not physically affecting the environment itself. I decided to look at japanese art primarily
because japanese art has a tendency of representing nature and the environment. It is very interesting to look at because it is very stylized and unique compared to artists such as William Turner who exaggerate the environment whereas Japanese artist's simplifies nature and consequently connotes being calm and assertiveness in my opinion. Richard
Long I decided to look at this particular
artist because he uses the environment itself
in order to construct his artwork.
He uses various different types of stone which add different flairs as it provides a variation for the audience. He also works in different scales and shape which add variety to his work. In my opinion I do not find Richard Long's work very appealing however it is interesting to see him construct a piece of art through the use of different bits of the environment which signify a different location. Japanese
Art Henri
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