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Hudson Bay-Arctic Lowlands
Transcript of Hudson Bay-Arctic Lowlands
The Hudson Bay-Arctic Lowlands make up a significant portion of Canada's oil and natural gas formation. These were formed from the sediments by the freezing and melting of ice during the last glaciation. Limestone is a commonly found resource as well.
The climate largely depends on the water surface.
Bedrock for the Hudson Bay-Arctic lowlands was formed by eroded material of the shield that was deposited by the seas, which covered parts of Canada. Those sediments were gradually compressed over time into rock. The lowlands formed when the weight of the glacier sunk the Canadian Shield, and the glaciers retreated. (As the glaciers moved across the lowlands, they dug up sediment and changed the surface.) Some parts were formed not only from glaciaton, but by faulting in the rock, which made the channels between islands. The glaciers have long since disappeared from the lowlands, but the ground still remains frozen.
The Hudson Bay-Arctic Lowlands have a very light population, because of the harsh climate in the area. The population is only in certain areas, because of the very few people living there, they can't spread out too much.
Hudson Bay-Arctic Lowlands
The Hudson Bay-Arctic Lowlands are located between the Canadian Shield and Innuitian region. Most of the Arctic lowlands are located in Nunavut, while most of the Hudson Bay region is located in Ontario.
In January and February the bay is covered in ice. This ice melts in May, and temperatures rise to about 10 degrees celcius by July or August. The ground remains frozen for the majority of the year.
June, July, and August are often very foggy because of the warm air cooling over the colder water.
Rain fall peaks in July.
Used in construction almost everywhere, and can be used to remove toxic compounds from the exhaust of coal burning plants.
Benefits Canadians by providing jobs and employment
Oil and gas:
The oil and gas industry pays billions to governments, which helps pay for healthcare, government services and health care. It also provides jobs.
Some tourist attractions include:
Auyuittuq National Park
Sirmilik National park
Textbook: Geographic Issues of the Twenty-first Century
Parks Canada: Hudson Bay-Arctic Lowlands, http://www.pc.gc.ca/eng/docs/v-g/nation/sec4.aspx
The Canadian Encyclopedia, Hudson Bay, http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/hudson-bay/
The Canadian Encyclopedia, Physiographic Regions, http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.ca/en/article/physiographic-regions/