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Tess of the D'Ubervilles
Transcript of Tess of the D'Ubervilles
-Born on June 2nd 1840 in Dorset, England.
-Attended the National School in Brockhampton from the ages of 8-16.
-Read Shakespeare but was inspired by Henry Bastow and William Barnes.
-After he was done school he took an apprenticeship with a local architect.
View and Writing Style
In the novel
Tess of the D'Urbervilles
the author liked to use short sentence and simple writing,this allowed him to get straight to the point.
Impact Of the Authors Work
His work was seen as unacceptable.
He was viewed as a feminist writer.
Reader's were shocked by the content of the book.
Links Between the Novel and the Time Period
-Mostly wrote poetry but his friends encouraged him to write greek tragedies and English literature.
-His first novel
¨The poor man and the lady¨
was never published due to the fact that he could not find a publisher. They all found that his work was too politically controversial and could ruin his chances in publishing another novel.
- He wrote several novel after his first one, and they had all been published but after he published the novel ¨Jude the Obscure¨ he was upset with the criticism so he decided not to write anymore novels. He wrote only short storys and poetry.
-Married his first wife Emma Lavinia Gifford in 1874.
-She encouraged his writing but sometimes worried about the way he portrayed he woman he wrote about.
-During their marriage Emma was partially neglected because of the time her husband spent working on his writing
- Emma died suddenly in 1912 due to heart failure.
-After her death Thomas wrote many poems about their happy times together,
-In 1914 he married Florence Dugdale, who was nearly 40 years younger than he was.
-They met when Hardy's niece and Florence moved in to take care of him after his wife's death.
-During their marriage Florence felt as though she was in the shadows of Emma's footsteps
-Florence died in 1937 from cancer and was only 58
Emma Lavinia Gifford
During World War One he participated in campaigns defending the Britain's involvement in the war
Worked secretly on his autobiography
Died on January 11th, 1928 from illness.
Hardy liked to use a lot of imagery and symbolism, for example the timing of the events that happened to Tess are aligned with the season. Which symbolizes the change of season means the change of events in Tess's life.
19th Century, also know as the Victorian era in a rural area in England
Third person omniscient. We are informed of what the characters are thinking or feeling before they know themselves.
This novel is a tragedy because of the loss, betrayal and emotional strain seen in the characters.
Hardy targeted a younger crowd
He was trying to help them learn from the mistakes Tess made instead of it happening to them.
Parent's did not want their kids exposed to ugly truth of their era.
Parent's were angry because they were worried their children would be afraid of the world.
The crowd he was targeting was able to learn about the real life events that every body was afraid to talk about in that era
" Well, if this sort of thing continues no more novel-writing for me. A man must be a fool to deliberately stand up and be shot at." -Thomas Hardy
Dr. Andrzej, Dinieko, from Warsaw University quoted:
" The obvious quality of Hardy's tragedy is that it does not begin in the persons who are most concerned in it; it is invasion into human consciousness of the general tragedy of existence which thereby puts in living symbols."
Critics also say that the phases in the novel parallel to Tess's emotional state in the book.
1. The maiden= innocence
2. Maiden No More= no more innocence
3. The Rally= new beginnings
4. The Consequences= hard decision
5. The Woman Pays= injustice
6. The Convert= trusting others
7. Fulfilment= deciding your fate
Hardy liked to use these phases to give readers an inside scoop on what was to come in that phase.
As most people despised his work in this era, other authors appreciated it and were inspired by it. Authors like D.H Lawrence and Virginia Woolf admire Hardy's honesty in his writing
Chen Zhen author of (Tess inThomas Hardy's Tess of the D"Ubervilles, Victim of social prejudice and male dominance in Victorian patriarchal society) see's the novel as one of the most influential and well-received books in world literature. Tess brought Hardy great fame and honor as well as incurring harsh rebukes from conventional society.
-Church influenced morals-behavior
The author wrote the novel within the same time period
therefore he used his everyday life to create a life for Tess
-Woman: Georgian styles dresses, frocks, straight gowns, pinafores, bonnets, style was very conservative.
-Men: Hats, waist coats, neck cloths and boots
-Woman: Restrictive, conservative, natural waistline dresses, long hair in braids or curls.
-Men: Wore dark colors, top hats, short hair, and tight fitting clothes
Strong social class system
Low crime tolerance
Strict social code of conduct
The three main characters are
What one character does it effects the other two.
-In love with Angel
-Low social class
-Role model to her younger siblings
-In love with Tess
-Tall and slim
-Well grown black mustache
-In love with Tess
-High social class
-Not easily forgiving
Important elements found in the novel
Tess gets raped by Alec and is now pregnant
Tess murders Alec because Angel returned
Tess and Angel leave town together but shortly after they leave Tess is found by police and is killed
Tess feels she is the problem to why the boy had to leave in a hurry while they danced and feels she is never going to be good enough as a women.
1. Man vs. Himself
2. Man vs. Himself
Tess feels ashamed of her drunken father and feels she has to take care of her family because she does not trust that her father will do so.
3. Man vs. Himself
Tess feels irresponsible and guilty when her horse prince is killed while she was driving and wants to find a way to get another horse for her family
4. Man vs. Himself
Tess decides to leave home to go ask her relatives for work so she would be able to buy her family a new horse since she felt responsible for the death of the last one. Her mother was hoping that she would marry one of her rich relatives so that they would have more money.
5. Man vs. Man
Tess meets her relative Alec who tries to pursue her but she does not love him like her loves her. Eventually Alec takes advantage of Tess, he takes away her innocence and she looses all her trust in men. This changes Tess's character throughout the novel.
6. Man vs. Man/Nature
Tess is now pregnant with Alec's child and has to prepare to be a mother at the young age of 16. She keeps her pregnancy a secret from Alec because she is too proud to ask him for financial support.
7. Man vs. Society
People are judging the young Mother after she returns from her long seclusion which makes Tess's mental state weaker and more sensitive.
8. Man vs. Nature
Tess's child Sorrow dies from a cold shortly after he was born and this put Tess into a deep depression because her son was not baptized and she wanted him to go to heaven.
9. Man vs. Himself
Tess decides she needs a fresh start and finds work on a dairy farm where she meets a quiet young man named Angel Clare.
10. Man vs. Himself
Angel asks for Tess's hand in marriage but she refuses his offer because she felt that he was more worthy of her and could find a better wife
11. Man vs. Himself
12. Man vs. Man/Himself
Tess fights her love for Angel for a short period of time but eventually gives in and agrees to marry him.
13. Man vs Man/Himself
Tess's mother tells Tess's to keep her past a secret from her new husband but Tess feels as though she should be honest with him. So Tess goes against what her mother said and tells Angel about Alec.
14. Man vs. Himself
After she see's his reaction to her past she regrets telling him because now he does not see her as the same woman and claims that he does not want to be with her
15. Man vs. Man/Himself
Angel is struggling to do what he thinks is right with Tess. He loves her but he does not want to be with a woman who has a past like her's.
16. Man vs. Himself
Tess is betrayed bu her one true love because she not listen to her mother when she told her to keep her mouth shut. Tess feels partly to blame for the situation because it could have been avoided and her husband would not have left her to go further his career
17. Man vs. Himself
Tess believes that Angel will eventually come back for her and forgive her for her sins because they are still married and they are still in love.
18. Man vs. Man
After waiting for Angel's return Tess decides that she will go and find seasonal work to keep her busy and to stop her family from questioning her about Angle's whereabouts.
19. Man vs. Himself
Tess and Alec reunite at the Clare;s home where Tess went to ask them for help. Alec tried to pursue her once again but Tess's character has become stronger and she refused any help that Alec has to offer.
20. Man vs. Man
Tess in hope that Angel will come back home, sends him letters asking him why he has not come back for her yet and when he will return. Tess never got any responses to any of her letters.
Alec informs Tess that her mother is ill and that she was in need of her help. Tess returned home to take care of her mother but when she got her she realized that her mother was in great health. Alec simply wanted to show Tess that he has been helping her family and giving them everything they needed in hopes that Tess would marry him. But this only makes her angry with him.
21. Man vs. Nature
The death of Tess's father leaves her no other choice but to to Alec for help because they were too poor to support the family. Alec, Tess and her family move to a new town where Tess and Alec have their own home and the D'Urbeyfeild family has a new home to themselves.
Shortly after Angel returns back for Tess, he realized that he did was not right and he should have treated his wide better than that but it was too late. Tess could not be with Angle anymore because now she was with Alec.
23. Man vs. Man/Himself
Tess murder's Alec because she hated him for ruining her life and for lying to her saying that Angel would never come back to her. Tess now realizes that her religion is no longer important because of all her sins.
24.Man vs. Himself
Tess and Angel forgave each other for everything they had done to one another and then they tried to run away and be free together. Tess knew that once someone found Alec's dead body that people would be looking for her but she wanted to enjoy her time with the only man she ever truly loved.
25. Man vs. Society
Tess was found shortly after they left and for her crime she was killed. Tess did not fight back when people came for her, she was ready to pay for what she had done and she was tired of living a miserable life.
22. Man vs. Man
1. About the author
2.Author's views and writing style
3. Impact of the authors work
4. Link between the novel and its time period
5. Character description
7. Important element in the novel
The novel Tess of the D'Urbervilles is a great read. I like it because as a teenager i can relate to how i would feel if i was put into Tess's shoes and it shows us reality rather than fairytale s or science fiction.
Introducing Tess's of the D'Urbervilles
About a young woman who suffers terribly at a vulnerable age.
Explain the time period along with the authors life and work.