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Unit 1 Introduction: The Civil War
Transcript of Unit 1 Introduction: The Civil War
Is "The Civil War" we talk about the only civil war?
The Civil War we discuss occurred between 1860 -1865 in the United States. What was the Civil War? The official reason the North declared war on the South was because the south "seceded" which means they chose to leave the Union. They didn't want to be part of the United States anymore.
The North said they could not do that and declared war.
The reasons why the South seceded are complicated. Here are a few reasons:
2. State's Rights
3. Economics Why was the war fought? North: The Union
- Industrial (factories)
- No slavery
- Did not want to allow new states to have slaves.
- President Abraham Lincoln
- General Ulysses S. Grant
- Few battles fought here
- Wore blue uniforms
South: The Confederacy
- agricultural (farms)
- had slaves
- wanted new states to have the right to choose if they wanted to have slaves of not.
- President Jefferson Davis
- General Robert E. Lee
- Most battles fought here
- Wore grey uniforms Some Sectional Differences Why were they fighting?
Why do people ever fight?
Is fighting the best way to solve conflicts?
What are some other ways that conflicts can be resolved?
Activity - You're the diplomat:
Come up with a viable (possible or useful) solution for how northern and southern states could have avoided a war that killed hundreds of thousands of people. Conflict Resolution Draw a Diagram that shows the differences between the north and the south leading up to the Civil War. How do you know? What does this map tell us? As we know, the Civil War didn't just break out on its own. There were a series of events that led up to it. We know that the election of anti-slavery candidate Abraham Lincoln was one.
The differing economies of the North and South another.
Fights over slavery.
Issues of states rights, and the idea of popular sovereignty.
Three earlier compromises sought to amend some of these issues, but didn't work.
They were: 1. The Missouri Compromise (1820)
2. The Compromise of 1850
3. The Kansas-Nebraska Act Compromises Missouri Compromise:
•Missouri will be admitted as a slave state
•Maine will be admitted as a free state
•Any territory within the Louisiana Purchase above the Missouri Compromise Line (parallel 36' 30) will be admitted as a free state.
•Any territory within the Louisiana Purchase below the Missouri Compromise Line will be admitted as a slave state. Missouri Compromise Compromise of 1850
•Strict new fugitive slave law (pro-South and VERY controversial)
•Slave trade abolished in Washington D.C. (pro-North)•Utah and New Mexico joined without much fanafare
•California admitted as a free state (pro-North)
•Texas gave up claims of western lands for 10 million to pay off debts Compromise of 1850 Kansas-Nebraska Act 1854
•Began because of a desire to build a transcontinental railroad.
•Nebraska needed to be organized to make the railroad.
•The south didn’t like that another free state was being admitted so compromised that the territory would be split into Kansas and Nebraska Kansas-Nebraska Act Overview: An amendment is an alteration, a change, or an edit to the Constitution of the United States.
The first 10 amendments are called the Bill of Rights.
During this time period 4 more major amendments were added to the constitution.
13th Amendment: Ended slavery!
14th Amendment: Ended the 3/5 Compromise
15th Amendment: All men can vote.
19th Amendment: Women's Suffrage