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Cotton: Fiber Report

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Rebekah Wilmes

on 1 March 2013

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Transcript of Cotton: Fiber Report

Beka Wilmes Cotton Cotton has been grown, harvested, ginned, spun and woven by hand for thousands of years. During the Industrial Revolution Eli Whitney patented the first waster-powered cotton gin. This revolutionary new machine allowed daily output to increase by over 5,ooo%. Wash and wear finish for a cotton fabric is necessary to make it crease-free or wrinkle-free. In a similar way, mercerising, singeing, flame retardant, water repellent, waterproof, and anti-static finishing achieve various fabric properties desired by consumers. Finished Product Cotton fabrics consist mainly of terry cloth (towels and robes), denim (jeans), cambric (work uniforms), corduroy, seersucker, and cotton twill (commonly used in the place of denim). Non-textile items include fishing nets, coffee filters, paper, and bookbinding. Caring for your cotton is important, yet simple. Machine-wash and dry apparel; steam- or dry-clean – with caution – furnishings. In today’s world, we use cotton more the any other fiber. It has many uses and little is wasted. Cotton plays a key role in the histories of Egypt, England, the U.S. and almost all industrialized countries. Usually, cotton is spun into yarn or thread and then used to make a breathable and drape able griege. The use of cotton for fabric dates back to prehistoric times; fragments of cotton fabric dated from 5000 BC have been excavated in Mexico and Pakistan. It was Eli Whitney's cotton gin that lowered the cost of production and enabled its widespread use; it is the most widely used natural fiber cloth in clothing today. Cotton is a soft, fluffy staple fiber that grows in a boll, or protective capsule, around the seeds of cotton plants. The fiber is almost pure cellulose. The plant is a shrub native to tropical and subtropical regions around the world; grown mostly in the Americas, Africa, and India. There are many varieties of wild cotton, found mostly in Mexico, Australia, and Africa. Cotton was independently domesticated in the Old and New Worlds Cotton is a natural, cellulosic staple fiber. Staple fibers tend to be short-1/2 in to 2 in – the longer the fiber the more luxurious the material derived from it and the higher the retail value - in cotton’s case. Cotton has a low luster giving it an attractive matte finish, good hand, and poor resiliency. It is only slightly elastic yet highly flexible and can withstand decades of wear. This combination of characteristics give cotton the market as the most widely used natural fiber. a treatment for cotton fabric and thread that gives fabric or yarns a lustrous appearance and strengthens them. The process is applied to cellulosic materials like cotton or hemp Mercerization History
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