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State Building, Expansion, and Conflict through the Age of Revolution
Transcript of State Building, Expansion, and Conflict through the Age of Revolution
State Building, Expansion , and Conflict through
the Age of Revolution
Mostly a war for independence. America wanted to separate themselves from British control. Did not like the taxes and restrictions placed on the colonies. Wanted more equality and growth for commerce and political life. This caused a
because the Americans wanted to protest the British rule and have less restrictions on trade.
Start of the French Revolution
Due to starvation and an unbalanced political system, revolts and uprisings started to in Paris , such as the riot at Bastille that marks the independence day of France. Many people wanted to abolish manorialism, limit the power of the church, king, and the aristocrats, and set up parliament where people had more individual rights and could vote. The French revolution, although it started as an aristocracy with Louis XVI and ultimately ended in an aristocracy with Napoleon, did see a
because the French did change their form of government for a while into a parliament to limit the kings power and promoted a huge sense of nationalism in France.
New Government Formed
After obtaining independence with the help of the french in 1789, the American colonies set up a new constitution and a form of government based on the enlightenment, with branches of government and individual rights. This is a
because a new system of government was formed with checks and balances and free of British control and taxes.
The Ideology of the Enlightenment
Enlightenment thinking played a huge role in the basis of revolutions. Through this ideology many wanted more reforms in the economy and government. In France, the desire for more political freedom for business and freedom from landlords grew support for this ideology. Just like in the American Revolution, the
of Enlightenment ideas spread and were encouraged people to revolt for new reforms.
The Haitian revolutions started when the slaves of the island revolted not wanting to have to plant any more sugar. They were lead by general Toussaint L'Ouverture who created a slave army that for a while fought for and was supported by the Spanish. After France granted slaves their independence the slaves started fighting for them again and it was one of the most successful slave revolutions ever. In the end Haiti was able to win independence from France in 1804. This event is a major
because it confirms that slaves do have the power to win their independence and Haiti became a symbol of hope and freedom for slaves.
Influences for the Latin American Revolutions
Latin America was influenced by previous revolutions around the world. It followed models from the American and French revolutions of being able to separate from one’s mother country and the ideologies of having individual freedoms and equality. They wanted to avoid any revolutions like Haiti because they did not want to have to deal with a huge slave revolution. But in the end the event that set off Latin American revolutions was the confusion of who really was the legitimate ruler over the colonies. This shows
because Latin American took previous revolutions and were able to base theirs off of them. They were able to follow the basic models of what could happen if they revolted and were able to see what kind of revolutions they wanted to avoid.
Young Turks Revolution
The Young Turks of the Ottoman Empire wanted to restore the constitution that was was created in 1876 by Muhammad II. They wanted establish more reforms like that of the Tanzimat reforms which promoted Westernized teachings and educated, the building of telegraph systems and railroads,and help the minority religious groups. This shows a
because the Young Turks were successful in ending the despotic rule of Abdul Hamid and they were able to bring back the constitution and freedoms they had in education, and civil liberties.
During the Age of Revolution from 1750 to 1914. Many forms of governments were changed and formed, empires and colonies experienced uprisings and revolts from its citizens to try and establish more reforms. Continuity was followed through the same basic ideologies such as the Enlightenment and the desire of the people for more individual rights and liberties.
Brazil’s road to independence was different from that of the other Latin American colonies because there was not a lot of bloodshed or violence present. Unlike the other colonies Brazil was ruled by Portugal instead of Spain and when Napoleon drove out the Portuguese king to Rio de Janeiro. The king actual loved it but when he had to leave, he left his son, Pedro I, in charge. Pedro took manners into his own hand and declared Brazil independent on 1822. Socially nothing really changed, slavery was still intact and Brazil remained a monarch. This can be established as a
because even though Brazil had gotten their independence much of their political structures still stayed the same where as other Spanish colonies formed republics. Also nothing was done about slavery, the slaves were still oppressed and they didn’t gain any freedoms.
In Mexico, early lead by priest, Father Miguel de Hidalgo. He called on the American Indians and Creoles to support in a conspiracy against the Spain. They were victorious for a while but he later lost support and was executed. When the Spanish crown was weakening, another movement towards independence started to take shape and Mexico was able to gain independence in 1821 with the leadership of Augustin de Iturbide. This caused a
in Mexico’s form of government from a monarchy to a republic.
AP World History
8 March 2015
The Taiping rebellion, though it had failed at the end, was the closest rebellion that almost came to overthrow the Qing Dynasty. Lead by Hong Xiuquan, his followers were able to win victories and many territories of South China, and promised social reforms, liberation for women, and changes on the old traditional Confucian learning but in the end support declined because they could not uphold their promises. This shows a
because during this time China was struggling on whether to keep their traditional style of order without the influence of the West or to encourage Western involvement by having investments of railroads and telegraphs.