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Total Physical Response
Transcript of Total Physical Response
why should children or adults? Babies a method of teaching language using
physical movement to react to verbal
input in order to reduce student inhibitions
and lower their affective filter (stress) TPR is... The Origins What is “language” according to this method? 1. Grammar Translation
2. Natural Method/Direct Method
3. Audiolingual Method
5. Silent Way
7. Communicative Language Teaching Teaching
Methods Teacher Rol's TPR was originated by Dr. James J. Asher
who is a professor emeritus of psychology
at San José State University. Dr. Asher observed that the dropout
rate of second language students in
a traditional program is often as
high as 95%. He wondered why so many people have a hard time learning a second language although almost no one has no trouble while learning their first language. Dr. James J. Asher 1970 1960 1930-40 XIX-XX XVIII-XIX Used to teach
a second language Asher does not directly discuss the nature of language or how languages are organized. Asher proposed a structured grammar and vocabulary activities. Another proffer is to use clear and simple sentences According to this method you learn a language by using different methods used in the learning of the first language The teacher uses the imperative form of the verb throughout (Point to … Walk to …Touch the etc.) Teachers have to notice that when we make a command, we need to make it proper order. In the classroom, Students must respond physically to the words of the teacher. Learning Rol's Learners have the primary roles of listener and performer.
Then listen attentively and respond physically to the commands given. OBJECTIVES ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES To teach oral proficiency at a beginning level and the ultimate aim is to teach basic speaking skills. To produce learners who are capable of free communication, which is understandable to a native speaker Students enjoying moving around the classroom Effective for adults and young learners Fun and Easy: Students enjoy activity! Simple TPR activities do not require a great deal of preparation on the part of the teacher TPR is inclussive and works well a class with mixed ability levels. Good for kinesthetic learners who need to be active in class. Good tool for building vocabulary. Actions help build connections in the brain. Most useful for beginners. Preparation becomes an issue for teachers at higher levels. Can be a major challenge for shy students Drawing and Basic Construction Activities TPR Bingo Interactive Storytelling Simon Says (cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr LEARNING ACTIVITIES Imperative drills are the major classroom activity in TPR. Other class activities include role plays and slide presentations. Conversational dialogues are delayed until after almost 120 hours of instruction. This activity is mostly advisable for kindergarten and preschool kids who are just starting to learn the English language, but can also be a fun way to introduce adults to another language. Interactive storytelling requires a children's book that contains a lot of action words that listeners may follow. Before reading the story, the teacher should make clear that each action word requires a movement response. For example, if the character suddenly runs or screams, the students should imitate what the character did. This game consists of distributing cards with the pictures and the teacher will say words that correspond with those drawings. The first student to have in his drawings card all appointed, will BINGO! A simple art activity that can be incorporated with TPR is model construction and basic drawing.
For children, creating a set of instructions that teaches them basic shapes can be a good start.
For example, when a teacher says square, students will draw a square on their paper.
This enables the students to internalize the meaning of the word by creating a representation on paper. Just like a normal Simon Says game, the teacher utters a command beginning with the words "Simon Says" and the students will follow whatever the teacher says.
For example, when the teacher says "Simon says, jump" the students will jump.
This simple activity follows the basic idea of TPR learning since students will be able to incorporate the word with the physical response required. Thank you
for listening Documents Used