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Expectancy Violation Theory
Transcript of Expectancy Violation Theory
Professor of Communication at The University of Arizona
"Nonverbal cues are an inherent and essential part of message creation and interpretation"
Study of a person's use of space
Powerful and confidential
Most common with intimate partner
Example: whisper or hug
18 inches- 4 feet
family and close friends
still fairly intimate distance
Example: Dinner Date?
4 feet- 12 feet
Generally no physical contact
Example: standing in office break room
12 feet and beyond
Example: two strangers sitting on a park bench
Primary Territory: exclusive domain
Secondary Territory: personal connection
Public Territory: no personal affiliations
"People make predictions about non-verbal behavior"
"The thoughts and behaviors anticipated in conversation"
mental alertness & orienting response
tolerance for violations
high & low
attraction influences threshold
Communicator Reward Valence
sum of positive and negative characteristics
rewards & punishments
(negative or positive)
Approach to Knowing
The structure of non verbal messages
violation of communication norms
applicable to everyone
Cause and effect
violation causes reaction
behaviors are dependent on culture
expectations can be based on culture
behaviors in communication represent something to senders and receivers
always a reaction to a violation
reactions are not always the same
all nonverbal communication
Truth is subjective
illuminates the individuals case
Knowledge = Power
works to change the status quo
gives voice to those who have been silenced due to social status
Test of Time
Tests have been done to gauge physical arousal
Reactions will vary
As long as people are communicating, theory will be relevant
Refers to the amount of research and new thinking stimulated by theory
Advancements in technology