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Expectancy Violation Theory

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by

Emmy Marr

on 16 September 2013

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Transcript of Expectancy Violation Theory

Expectancy Violation Theory
Space
Relations
Expectancies
JUDEE
BURGOON
Professor of Communication at The University of Arizona

"Nonverbal cues are an inherent and essential part of message creation and interpretation"
Proxemics:
Study of a person's use of space
Four Zones:
Intimate Distance:
0-18 inches
Powerful and confidential
Most common with intimate partner
Example: whisper or hug
Personal Distance:
18 inches- 4 feet
family and close friends
still fairly intimate distance
Example: Dinner Date?
Social Distance:
4 feet- 12 feet
Coworkers, acquaintances
Generally no physical contact
Example: standing in office break room
Public Distance:
12 feet and beyond
Very formal
"Stranger Distance"
Example: two strangers sitting on a park bench
Territoriality:
Primary Territory: exclusive domain
Secondary Territory: personal connection
Public Territory: no personal affiliations
Interactions
Influential Factors
Individual Communication
Relational
Context
VS
55:36
1:10
"People make predictions about non-verbal behavior"
Pre-Interactional expectations
Interactional expectations
"The thoughts and behaviors anticipated in conversation"
Behavior
Arousal
mental alertness & orienting response
Threat Threshold
tolerance for violations
high & low
attraction influences threshold
Communicator Reward Valence
sum of positive and negative characteristics
rewards & punishments
cognitive arousal
physical arousal
violation valence
(negative or positive)
posture
touch
Approach to Knowing
Empirical
Interpretive
Critical
Parsimony
The structure of non verbal messages
violation of communication norms
Utility
~Educates communicators~
nonverbal cues
space violations
Assumptions
Expectancies
Arousal
applicable to everyone
objective
Socio-Psychological
Cause and effect
violation causes reaction
Socio-Cultural
behaviors are dependent on culture
expectations can be based on culture

Traditions
Semiotic
signs
behaviors in communication represent something to senders and receivers
Logical Consistency
always a reaction to a violation
reactions are not always the same

Scope
personal space
all nonverbal communication

Truth is subjective
illuminates the individuals case
Knowledge = Power
works to change the status quo
gives voice to those who have been silenced due to social status
Context
Intrapersonal
Interpersonal
Small group
Testability
Heurism
Test of Time
Tests have been done to gauge physical arousal
Reactions will vary
As long as people are communicating, theory will be relevant
Refers to the amount of research and new thinking stimulated by theory
Advancements in technology
Full transcript