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Breast Cancer

Breast cancer presentation for Health class
by

Fiona Huang

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Breast Cancer

BREAST CANCER presented by Fiona and Emmi What is Breast cancer? Breast cancer is literally the cancer occurred in the breast area.
It happens when the cells in the breast area became mutated and created a tumor in one's breast.
Although the receivers of this disease are almost entirely woman, men has a chance to get it as well. What are cancer cells? They are cells that achieved some extend of "immortality" "KOSHISH, Mastectomy Association of India-Jaipur Chapter, Breast Cancer Help, Breast Cancer Awareness Programs, Rajasthan India." KOSHISH, Mastectomy Association of India-Jaipur Chapter, Breast Cancer Help, Breast Cancer Awareness Programs, Rajasthan India. N.p., n.d. Web. 24 May 2013. http://www.sodahead.com/entertainment/who-is-your-favorite-lord-of-the-rings-character/question-1884567/?link=ibaf&q=lord%20of%20the%20rings%20wizard They don't receive signals like normal cells do. http://clipartist.net/svg/signal-strength-icon-for-phone-signal-strength-rss-openclipart-org-commons-wikimedia-org/ They do not stay in the region that they are in charge of, and they move to other region to mutate other cells. Most important, they INVADE other cells and tissues. http://sciencefiction.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/alien_invasion1.jpg General Symptoms Swelling parts in the breast area
Lump in one or both breasts
Breast or nipple pain
Redness of nipple
Breast discharge Stages of Breast Cancer Stage T Stage N Stage M Some Statistics
of
Breast
Cancer General Statistics in UK Key points
Only less than 1% of breast cancer cases are men (397 cases/49564 cases)
15.3% of cancer cases (female) are breast cancer
Breast cancer causes 7.3% of female cancer deaths in UK
85.1% of breast cancer cases in UK survives at least 5 years Worldwide Incidence Rate (2008) "Breast cancer statistics." : Cancer Research UK : CancerHelp UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2013. http://www.readaboutmesothelioma.com/how-asbestos-and-cancer-are-related.html Incidence Rate in UK (Females) "Breast cancer statistics." : Cancer Research UK : CancerHelp UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2013. Worldwide Mortality Rate (2008) "Breast cancer statistics." : Cancer Research UK : CancerHelp UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2013. "Breast cancer statistics." : Cancer Research UK : CancerHelp UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2013. Mortality Rate in UK (Female) "Breast cancer statistics." : Cancer Research UK : CancerHelp UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2013. Relative Survival Rates in 10 years time of UK Risk Factors About 99% of breast cancers occur in women
Klinefelter's syndrome - when men have more oestrogen than normal
Breast cancer occurs on male is harder to cure http://production.vkofs.xinyou.com/android_icon/ce7eed/s100/com.robomuse.awareness.pinkandblue_icon_1.png smoking
radiation
chemicals - cosmetics
unnatural light
genetics- mutated genes passed on
bottle feeding babies long exposure to oestrogen
first baby after the age of 30/ no children
periods start early (before the age of 12)
menopause starts late (after the age of 55)
oestrogen from pesticides Combination of oestrogen and (synthetic) progestogen
taken to maintain pregnancy
birth control pill Already suffered from breast cancer/ non-cancer breast lumps
Stress + anxiety (still studied if true)
IVF - a treatment for infertility (not proven)
Dense breast tissue
Height - taller people have higher risk of breast cancer than shorter ones
Breast implants - more likely to die early if they get breast cancer http://birthcontroltab.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Birth-control-advantages.jpg Ethnic, social and cultural aspects... More common in the West (Europe, Australia, New Zealand, North America)
In Africa + Asia, people live in a more traditional environment - lower risk
Diet, number of babies, etc differ depending on culture
White/ caucasian have a higher risk than black (but black have a worse tumour) http://fibot.files.wordpress.com/2013/05/zen_as_a_frog.jpg Higher risk in developed countries: elders are more likely to get breast cancer.
People live longer in developed countries
Age is one of the biggest risk factors
Diet- high fat (not proven)
Alcohol (damages DNA in cells) http://thumbs.dreamstime.com/z/old-lady-23801258.jpg Who to blame? Community Yourself (Habits, diet... etc.) Genetics http://www.hudsonvalleyscoliosis.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/scoliosis-and-genetics2.jpg http://theartrium.org.uk/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/community.jpg Prevention Avoid all cancer risk factors
Avoid using postmenopausal hormone therapy
Avoid using artificial lights i.e. being overweight and overdosing alcohol Make Babies! Preventive surgery Chemoprevention Removing his or her breast
There will still be small chances of having breast cancer after the surgery Tamoxifen and Raloxifene Breast cancer can be detected! Breast Cancer detected at a earlier stage has much better chance to survive. Do a self-check up today! Here is a video to explain how to do a self check-up Bibliography Thank you. Ogden, Joy. Understanding Breast Cancer. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley, 2004. Questia School. Web. 5 May 2013.
MILLAR, HEATHER. "Mammograms: Who Needs Them?." Prevention 64.10 (2012): 102-107. Health Source - Consumer Edition. Web. 6 May 2013.
REISEAD-LONG, SARA. "Against All Odds." Shape 32.2 (2012): 82-86. Health Source - Consumer Edition. Web. 6 May 2013.
"TNM Breast Cancer Staging." : Cancer Research UK : CancerHelp UK. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 May 2013.
Eldridge, Lynne. "What Are Cancer Cells?" About.com Lung Cancer. N.p., 4 Feb. 2013. Web. 28 May 2013. <http://lungcancer.about.com/od/Biology-of-Cancer/a/Cancer-Cells.htm>. 
Dumé, Belle. "AFM Reveals "hidden" Differences between Normal and Cancerous Cells." Nanotechweb. IOP Publishing, 23 Apr. 2009. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://nanotechweb.org/cws/article/tech/38795>.
"Natural Cancer Cures | Top 10 Natural Cancer Cures No One Is Talking About." Natural Cancer Cures | Top 10 Natural Cancer Cures No One Is Talking About. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://www.top10cancercures.com/>. "Anatomy and Physiology of the Breast." Breast Cancer & Breast Pathology. Johns Hopkins University, 2012. Web. 28 May 2013. <http://pathology.jhu.edu/breast/anatomy.php>.
Stöppler, Melissa Conrad. "Breast Cancer." MedicineNet. N.p., 26 Sept. 2012. Web. 27 May 2013. <http://www.medicinenet.com/breast_cancer/article.htm>.
Nordqvist, Christian. "What Is Breast Cancer? What Causes Breast Cancer?" Medical News Today. Medi Lexinton International, 17 July 2012. Web. 28 May 2013. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/37136.php>.
"Breast Cancer." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, 26 May 2013. Web. 24 May 2013. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breast_cancer>.
"Symptoms & Diagnosis." Breastcancer.org. N.p., 5 May 2013. Web. 28 May 2013. <http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms>.
Kraft, Sy. "What Is Male Breast Cancer? What Causes Male Breast Cancer?" Medical News Today. Medi Lexinton International, 17 Feb. 2010. Web. 28 May 2013. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/179457.php>.
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