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EU: Intergovernmentalism v. Supranationalism

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Karly Jones

on 18 May 2015

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Transcript of EU: Intergovernmentalism v. Supranationalism

Intergovernmentalism: International cooperation between two or more state governments in which participating states do not grant powers to supranational institutions

Supranationalism: Participating states give up power or influence to an institution that transcends national boundaries or governments.
Moving towards supranational
Main Argument
There's a reduction in the use of intergovernmentalism in daily decision making
There hasn't been a "devolution revolution" in the EU
Policy making for long-term issues has shifted to the EU level and away from the national level.
Personal Opinions
Thought Experiment: A United States of Europe?
Stronger European Identity
Eliminates aggression that sometimes come from nationalism
Identify to the nation as opposed as to the state
All countries would join the Eurozone
EU unity would be better able to address global problems
Decisions and policies can be decided on faster
All member states would be in the Schengen Agreement creating ease of travel
Single Market
Would allow the EU to compete with large trading partners
There would be a common European Military
EU Organs
European Council
Council of Ministers
EU: Intergovernmentalism v. Supranationalism
EU Commission
European Court of Justice
EU Parliament
European Central Bank
More Intergovermental
Main Arguement
Treaty of Lisbon strengthens intergovernmental dimension
Integration Paradox: Because state governments don't want a federal Europe we will continue to see more intergovernmentalism
Reality: A Federal Europe is Unlikely
States are unlikely to relinquish ALL sovereignty to the EU
Allowing the EU to control all of their taxes
EU having control over all of the military
Majority of citizens are opposed
Treaties would have to be revised
Monarchs are a source of national pride
It would require everyone to join the Eurozone

EU currently relates to U.S. Under the Articles of Confederation
Individual state currencies
Federal Government didn't have the power to tax
No Federal military
No Judiciary or Executive Branches
Nationalism is centered in the states
Weak national government and strong state government
Strengthening Puetter's Argument
Principle of Subsidarity, introduced by the Treaty of Maastricht, states that the EU can only intervene and take actions if it is able to act more effectively than Member States. The idea of subsidiarity attempts to limit action taken at EU level, devolving as much power as possible to the member states, which strengthens intergovernmentalism.
Public Opinion in Britain
A Federal Europe
" There are many different ethnicities, cultures and languages. It would be very difficult to meld all the nationalities into one big country."
"Europe's countries are reliant on each other. If they united, then they would be a much stronger power, able to catapult themselves out of their debt, and making them a true world power, not a grouping of small countries held together by a single alliance."
"I feel European. I see Europe as my country and I am in awe at the thought of what we would become if we were all united."
"The EU already handles justice, human rights, and economy. Uniting under a single state would not add any major benefits and would come at the cost of giving up your nationality."
Eurosceptic Opinion
Europhile Opinion
Full transcript