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Maxwell Knebel

on 29 January 2015

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Transcript of Ebola

First Ebola outbreaks
There were two simultaneous outbreaks of Ebola in 1976, one in Yambuku, Democratic Republic of Congo and the other was in Nzara Sudan.
How the first outbreaks were dealt with and how they are dealing with the outbreaks today.
Doctors come to help
A group of people led by two doctors, Dr. Joel Breman and Dr. Karl Johnson, came to Zaire (now Democratic Republic of Congo) in 1976 to help the villagers of Yambuku and to learn about the Ebola virus.
Government Quarantine
In 1976, when the group of doctors arrived at Yambuku in Zaire, the government had already quarantined 275,000 people in the Bumba Zone ( a town in Zaire). They had also banned anything from entering the area.
Gaining trust
Dr. Breman and Johnson gave specific instructions to the community to reduce the Ebola virus from spreading.
If anyone survived the disease, they had that person carry food, water, and supplies to any patients before a doctor could get there.
They had family members put in isolation huts far away if they got infected, and if a family member died they taught the people why they couldn't use traditional burial rituals and they had to bleach the bodies, bury them, and burn the isolation huts.

Today, 2014-2015
The outbreak in West Africa today is the largest and most complex outbreak of Ebola
Delayed response
In 2014, six months after the Ebola outbreak started, the World Health Orginization (WHO) started discussing if the Ebola outbreak was an international threat. But by then it was too late, there had already been 1,799 cases and about 1,000 deaths from Ebola.
The attempts to set up a quarantine by the Liberian governments local police and armies have been horrible. The Liberian government made a quarantine in West Point (a slum in Liberia) but did way worse, the government put people in huts without food, electricity, fresh water, and sanitation. The people were fighting for food. Ten days in the people had violent fights with the armies and the president shut it down.
Disbelief from community
In 2014, the virus was already widespread before international help came. The people thought the disease was a curse and things like that because no one educated them, some of them thought the disease was brought to West Africa from Americans. They tried to educate the people why they had to stop traditional burial rituals but they didn't listen and much more people were already infected.
1976 vs 2014: Response time
They went to Zaire right away when they heard about the outbreak
They taught the people about the disease and gained their trust.
The government set up a successful quarantine and worked with the doctors.
Full transcript