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Man As Knower

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by

Figueroa Gillian

on 18 November 2013

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Transcript of Man As Knower

Man
As
Knower

Two Kinds of
Consciousness
- according to William Lujipen
Ideas by Lujipen, Johann,Aloysius
Pre-reflective
- requires no thinking; something one simply knows.
-implicit, non thematic
-basis of philosophical thought
-treasure trove of your earlier
impressions,
sensations,
ideas
Reflective
- explicit, thematic;
- knowledge proper is

explicitation
Two Elements in
Any Knowing:
- according to William Lujipen
Subject
- "noesis"
- being-outside-itself-with-reality

Object
- "noema"
- reality-of-the-object-to-which
consciousness is present

All knowing is
intentional:
it has
an object.

It is due to this that
phenomenology
is a
philosophical encounter.
To him, consciousness is:

1. Never wrapped up in itself; it is openness.


2. An intercourse with reality; it is a self-
giving of the perceived, not through
imagination nor dreaming.


3. not pure passivity, which is usually
illustrated by the mirror and the camera.
There is a
dialectical unity
of noesis and noema.

The knowledge can be defined as, "on the one hand the wonderful mystery of man's openness to reality and, on the other, it is the mystery of reality's being-for-man.
< >
Viewpoint, Profile,Horizon
Viewpoint
- what the subject sees
Profile
- any part of the object that the
subject sees
*the more one has of viewpoints
and profiles, the more
one knows.
Viewpoint, Profile,Horizon
Horizon
- unity or background of meanings
I am holding a ballpen, my hands a part of my
body, I am inside a room of the Far Eastern
University which is in the University Belt,
Sampaloc, Manila, Philippines.

Horizon,thus, is a perception of the
whole thing.
example
An immanent act is defined by Lujipen as..
"an act which originates from the subject which I am and remains
in me as my perfection."
An example is:
I just have finished reading a beautiful
book. I tell you about it. I summarize
it for you. Do you know what the book
is all about? You say yes.But who
is the greater beneficiary of
knowing?

It is I,
definitely.
To johann,
"the truth is the Real as disclosed to an
individual who has personally come to grips with it and
succeeded in a measure inarticulating his vision."
Two Kinds of Truth
Robert Johann:
Objective
- truth of the object
Subjective
- truth of the subject
*truth is the object of knowledge.
He says truth is both subjective and objective. Truth comes from reality and
the person.
Sister Mary Aloysius
The theme of "Self-becoming and the Other" is actually the importance to self, or as Marcel puts it, the "mediating presence of the human other."
Sister Mary Aloysius details some precisions on knowing:
1. Openness of the human body
2. Limited openness of the human body
3. Use of point of view
4. A certain "infinity" characterizing human knowing
5. The finitude of human knowing
It is the last precision Paul Ricoeur gives as the reason for
dialogic structure
of human knowing.
Of the four basic human realities, namely,
language, knowing, ethical acting
and
feeling
, we should pick out only
knowing
here.
Full transcript