Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

World War I

No description
by

vicki angelini

on 10 February 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of World War I

World War I and the Battles on the Western Front
Germany's
Schlieffen Plan
to quickly invade and
defeat

France
by going through neutral
Belgium
. After defeating
France
move in and fight
Russia
so they would not have to fight a
two front

war, which did
not
work.
The border between France and Germany was
fortified
, so the Germans wanted to go through
Belgium
.
Britain
was outraged over
Belgium's neutrality
.
Will

declare war
on Germany for the invasion.
Battles on the Western Front
Battle of the Somme
German General Erich von Falkenhayn developed a plan to attack Verdun, France, a city protected by underground forts
* On February 21, 1916, Germans led a
massive
, but
unsuccessful

attack on France
* One of the longest and bloodiest battles of WWI
* Germans only advance
4
miles
* Battle ended on December 18, 1916

By the time the battle ended, almost
one million
casualties had been incurred in roughly equal numbers on either side. There were also over
30,000
civilian deaths.
The Battle of Verdun
September 5, 1914
The Allies will Germany to
stop German invasion of France
,
northeast of Paris. All available soldiers participated in the battle. It was the first Allied victor and they drove the Germans
60
miles from Paris and succeeded in
stopping

them. This win for the Allies effectively ended Germany's hopes for a quick victory on the Western Front. Germans will have to
fight on two fronts
.
Russia
will attack Germany as well.
1st Battle of the Marne
1st Battle of Marne
Tactics and strategy at Verdun
Artillery Bombardment:
Germans bombarded Verdun for 21 hours
the goal of bombardment is to take out most of the enemy's forces before sending in men.
Gas Attacks:
Most common gas used during WW1 is Mustard Gas
Mustard Gas-Effects can take place from 2-24 hours after
exposure,can cause blisters pain and swelling
"Going over the top":
Infantry would be sent to run straight to the trenches and kill the men in them almost all
soldiers sent over the top died due to machine guns
Creeping Barrage:
Artillery would fire at a point of interest in no-mans land then a small group of soldiers would
hide in the smoke and get closer and closer to the trenches. When they got to the trenches,
they would throw grenades into the trenches. After throwing the grenades, the small group
would then be reinforced by a wave of soldiers
* Germans troops were deeply dug in and the Allied
bombardment did not reach them.
* When the British artillery finally stopped, the
Germans emerged from their trenches and
annihilated the British troops.
July 1, 1916-A Deadly Day
* Messed up German's war plan and stopped German
expansion throughout Europe, and also proved a quick
German victory was impossible.
* War descended into
trench warfare
because of the
stalemate.
Significance of the 1st Battle of the Marne
The Battle of Verdun
The battle continued until November 1916


The Battle of Somme Continues
Allied Losses
250,000
German Losses
300,000
The conflict turned into a bloody, deadly,
stalemate
and neither side can
advance.
Battle lines in France would remain almost unchanged for FOUR years.

* One hundred and twenty-five
miles northwest of Verdun,
the
British
aid French in a
massive attack on
Germans


in France

along the Somme
River.
* This offensive was planned
to relieve pressure on the
French at Verdun.
On July 1, 1916
*
20,000
British soldiers were killed
* British troops gained about
five miles
* This is the single worst day in deaths and
causalities in British military history
Was it worth it??????
British
420,000
French
195,000
German
600,000
Total Losses:
Because of its strategic location, the Ottoman Empire was a desirable ally. If they would have joined the Allies, the Central Powers would have been completely encircled. However, the Turks joined the Central Powers in October 1914.
The War in the Ottoman Empire/Middle East
Gallipoli Campaign
In February 1915,
Allies
attempted to take
Dardanelles (in Turkey
)
and open up a
supply line
to Russia (cut off by the
Turks
) then take the city of
Constantinople
in Turkey and remove the
Ottoman Turks
. There was strong resistance which turned into a
stalemate
that lasted
1 year
.
Before
Allies Withdrew
:
1 Million
Casualties!
Armenian Massacre
Reasons Countries Entered the War
Austria-Hungary Germany Wanted to punish
Serbia
for
terrorism
Germany Austria-Hungary Stood by its one dependable ally:
Austria-Hungary
Serbia Russia Attacked by

Austria-Hungary

after Archduke's
assassination
Russia Serbia, France, Britain Wanted to defend
Slavic
peoples of
Serbia
COUNTRY ALLIED WITH REASONS FOR ENTERING WAR
France Russia, Britain Wanted to avoid facing
Germany
at a
later date
Belgium Neutral Invaded by
Germany
Britain France, Russia Outraged by
invasion of Belgium

The Two Sides
CENTRAL POWERS
1. Germany-Leader: Kaiser Wilhelm II
2. Austria-Hungary-Leader: Franz Joseph/Karl I
3. Ottoman Empire-Leader: Mehmid V
4. Bulgaria-Leader: Tsar Ferinand (
Italy
switches sides because they are promised

land
by the Allies)
ALLIES
1. Britain-Leader: King George V and Prime Minister David Lloyd George
2. France-Leader: George Clemenceau
3. Russia-Leader: Czar Nicholas II
4. Japan-Leader: Emperor Taisho
5. Italy-Leader: King Victor Emmanuel III and 1915, Vittorio Orlando (Prime Minister)
6. United States-Leader: 1917, Woodrow Wilson
Kaiser Wilhelm, King George V, and Czar Nicholas were all
COUSINS
!!!!!!
*
Christian Armenians
(not Muslims) wanted their

independence

from the Ottomans , so they pledged support to any
enemy
of the
Ottoman Turks.
* Turks fighting
Russia
in the
Caucuses Mountains
(rich in
oil
) and


Armenians
join the
fight
against the Ottomans.
* Ottoman Turks decide to
deport
Armenians to
Syria
.
1.5
MILLION
deported
600,000
die from starvation/massacred.
Arab Revolt
* Areas of the
Arab
Middle East, like
Arabia and Persia (Iraq)
revolt
against the Ottoman Turks for
independence
.
*
Britain
sent troops to aid the revolt under Colonel
T.E. Lawrence

who led
guerilla

raids
(later called
Lawrence of Arabia
)
* Ottomans will
lose

a lot of land

in this area as a result


Innovations in Warfare
1.
machine gun
:fires
600

rounds/minute, caused soldiers to need:
2.
trenches
: dug to protect soldiers from
machine guns
3.
tanks
: British first to develop
4.
airplanes
:
biplanes
, pilot armed with
bricks
at 1st, by the end of war:
machine guns, bombs
5.
submarines (u-boats)
: developed by Germans
6.
poison gas
: mustard and chlorine gas
7.
propaganda
:
one
sided information designed to
persuade
ideas/facts/rumors/stories spread to further one's
cause
or
damage
opposing cause
8.
Zeppelin-blimps
World War I was a
total war
: or one in which participating countries devote
ALL
their
resources
to the
war effort
The western front ran primarily through the country of
France
stretching from
Switzerland
to the
North Sea
Full transcript