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Transcript of PATAGONIA
ice fields/glaciers in the South --Plateaus and low plains to the East Problems No direct road connecting Chile South of Hornopiren to the rest of Chile lack of electricity to some Chilean areas road happens to be missing where the largest private park and nature reserves in the WORLD is located, Pumalín Park Perito Moreno Glacier, Santa Cruz Province, Argentina Panoramic view of Coihaique, Chile View of Corcovado Volcano and Patagonia from Quellón, Chiloé, Chile
created by the United States environmental foundation The Conservation Land Trust
operated as a public-access park, with an extensive infrastructure of trails, campgrounds, and visitor centers private nature reserve hydroelectric dam on the Futaleufú River to send electricity to other growing cities like Puerto Montt, Temuco, and Santiago. Douglas Tompkins expanse of ancient temperate rain forest, stunning fjords and snow-capped peaks in southern Chile. size of Yosemite National Park. characterized by vast stands of giant alerce trees and stunning fjords Many endangered species of plants and animals here Three species of stony coral live in the fjords: Desmophyllum dianthus, Caryophyllia huinayensis and Tethocyathus endesa. black-browed albatross red-legged cormorant
Chilean flamingo http://na.oceana.org/en/our-work/preserve-special-places/patagonia/species-at-risk The Sides TOMPKINS' proposal: build a coastal road that would allow to cross the park from the outside [has support of majority of the Government]
LOCALS are split: some want electricity, others advocate the environment and don't want their nationa park destroyed or flooded fr a dam. Antonio HORVATH, the region's senator: "What I ask for is a continuous path that would guarantee land, electric and communication interconnection." To become a Nature's Sanctuary is one of the five categories established by the National Monuments Council. This condition is given to "those land or sea areas that offer special chances for geology, paleontology, zoology, botanic or ecology studies and investigations; or that may posses natural spaces whose conservation may be of interest to science or the State". "Nature's Sanctuary" INVESTORS propose damming most of the major rivers in Patagonia, Chile for the purpose of using the electricity to provide power for new gold, copper and aluminum mines, thus accelerating the global economy. PEHUENCHE–a cultural group often described as the last Chilean Indigenous group to live by traditional means on traditional lands–have lost their homes and are being forced to accept resettlement in the distant and difficult mountains. The Pehuenche had no opportunity to participate in the decisions to dam their river The Sides ENDESA argued that under the 1982 Energy Law, the nation’s need for energy superseded Indigenous rights. ENVIRONMENTALISTS in Chile and globally argue that Patagonia is one of the last truly wild, untouched places left on Earth, containing unique flora and fauna endemic the region, as well as many endangered and threatened species ENDESA's Proposal the Endesa Power company from Spain plans to dam rivers across Southern Chile, send the power all the way across Chile thousands of miles to Santiago. In theory, sounds like it might help Chile solve the electrical and energy problems its facing. In reality, woud be some of the most costly, inefficient, and environmentally destructive energy per KW that could possibly be produced in Chile. There is a possibility that this energy is just as likly to go to Argentina as to Santiago once the dams are complete This double standard has struck a few Chilean politicians as too much, and they are proposing European style environmental regulations for hydro electric dam construction in Chile that will block the construction of dams in areas that are environmentally or culturally important to Chile. Irony in this Proposal The plans by the Endesa Power company in South America is that they would never be allowed to build such a dam in their own home country of Spain because of European Union environmental regulations. Endesa implores current president Michelle Bachelet in regards to the Patagonia hydro dam projects, as her administration must aprove the allocation of funds for the construction of a road across Tompkin's Pumalin Park BUT this brings about the other issue: How to get the power to these places? There are currently no transmission lines, or even roads to build transmission lines from the deep Patagonia to even the more populated parts of Southern Chile such as Puerto Montt or Temuco. Both projects would cause unrecoverable damage to some of rarest species of flora and fauna left in South America. People's Movements The Aguas Libres grassroots environmental group composed of both local Chileans and foreigners
based in Futaleufu, Chile
intent on saving the rivers of Patagonia from the proposed hydroelectric dam projects of the Spanish-based Power company Endesa. "Patagonia sin Represas" government has gotten legislation to make Chile a safe place for all whales.
the organization has launched a very strong public relations campaign across Chile to fight the Endesa power company and others in the Chilean government that would destroy thousands of acres of the Baker and Rio Pascua river valleys in the Patagonia The Campaign continues to work closely with partners in the US (International Rivers and NRDC), Europe and Canada in order to raise international public awareness to keep Patagonia free of dams. For 2009 a number of meetings were planned with company officials, financial institutions and government officials in Europe, Canada, and the US to explain to those in charge of funding and implementing such large scale projects, often never aware of the environmental and social costs associated with their initiatives, why we should keep one of the world’s last non-industrialized regions free of such interventions to ensure its biological viability and strategic scientific value for present and future generations.